Společenské 44, 45–78. 1992 The Szeletien occupation of Moravia, Slovakia and Bohemia. ČMM, Vědy Společenské 77, 35–58.
Ringer Á.–Mester Zs. 2001 A Szeleta-barlang 1999–2000. évi régészeti revíziójának eredményei (Die Ergebnisse der
The article deals with art patronage of the bishops of Olomouc around 1600 and concentrates on meaning and functional aspects of bishops' artistic commissions. As the most important exponents of Catholicism the bishops tried to strengthen Catholic confession and religious life in the diocese and their artistic patronage played, besides another concrete political activities, a truly important role in the politics of confessionalization of the Catholic elite in Early Modern Bohemia and Moravia. Their artistic commissions (not only architecture, painting and sculpture, but also prints, books, pieces of music, art and crafts etc.) served as means of religious propaganda and polemic.
Az utóbbi időben
szakirodalmunkban felmerült a régészettudomány új meghatározásának igénye.
Olyan nézet is felmerült egy nemrég megjelent kézikönyvben, hogy a régészet nem
történeti tudomány, hanem állítólag valamiféle meghatározhatatlan jelenségek
összegyűjtésére és ezek időrendi meghatározására lenne csupán alkalmas, és a
régészeti adatok semmiképpen nem lennének felhasználhatóak a néptörténeti
kutatásokban. A szerző ezzel szemben meggyőződéssel állítja, hogy e diszciplína
igenis történeti jellegű, és körültekintő alkalmazás esetén a néptörténeti
vizsgálatokba is egyenrangú félként kapcsolódhat be a társtudományok mellett. A
lokalizáció és az időrend kérdésében pedig szava jóval perdöntőbb, mint például
a nyelvészeté vagy esetenként a nehezen értelmezhető írott forrásoké. A
dolgozat több, a magyar őstörténettel kapcsolatos problémát vesz sorra, ahol
megalapozatlan történeti téveszmék terjedtek el, amelyek a régészeti adatokkal
egyértelműen cáfolhatók. (A magyarság megjelenése a Kárpát-medencében és
folyamatos továbbélése, az avar továbbélés kérdése, nagy tömegű onogur-bolgár
beköltözés az Avar Birodalomba, a magyarság őshazája és kelet-európai
vándorútja, a magyarság nomadizmusa, a kabarok beköltözése, Morávia
In the area of the Moravian Gate at Štramberk (Moravia, Czech Republic) detailed field investigations of Thysanoptera were conducted. The Gate offers the possibility of dispersal of thrips species from the South to the North and vice versa. A total of 359 samples were collected, from which 2367 adult specimens of Thysanoptera belonging to 55 species were obtained. Between them are species having their main distribution in the Southern parts of Europe, such as
Aptinothrips elegans, Anaphothrips atroapterus, A. euphorbiae, Chirothrips aculeatus, Limothrips consimilis, Neohydatothrips abnormis, Rubiothrips pillichi, R. validus
.Additionally species were found that are absent or dispersed in Southern Europe, such as
Aptinothrips stylifer, Chirothrips hamatus, Odontothrips loti
. In ancient times these species may have used the Moravian Gate, which has been passed by large armies and many traders (the amber route), carrying all kinds of plant products with them.
The occurrence of virus of the family
on maize and annual grasses was studied in the south region of the Czech Republic during three years. On maize and annual weed grasses no BYDV-MAV and CYDV-RPV pathogens were found in test samples. Out of 246 maize samples taken, BYDV-PAV was found in 50 of them. The occurrence of this pathogen on maize varied with the locality and the year of sampling. In the test annual weed grasses BYDV-PAV was found in
Echinochloa crus-galii, Setaria pumila
plants. The occurrence of this pathogen was also dependent on the locality and the year of sampling. This pathogen was not found in
.The present results suggest that maize and some species of annual weed grasses in the territory of southern Moravia may serve as a major source of BYDV-PAV for winter cereals because these species are a „green bridge“ for this virus species
Izmail Ivanovič Sreznevskij was born in Yaroslavl´ in 1812. The family moved to Khar´kov, when Izmail’s father was given a post at the University. He startet his studies at the University of Khar´kov. However, in 1838 his PhD dissertation was rejected. This fact played an important role in his further academic career. At the instigation of the Russian ministery of education Sreznevskij was sent to the Slavic countries outside Russia in order to prepare himself for the position of a professor of the recently founded chair of the History and literature of the Slavic dialects. His travels lasted from 1839 to 1842. He visited Prussia, Saxonia, Bohemia, Moravia, Lusatia, Austria, Venetia, Croatia, Slavonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Carniola (Kranj), Carinthia, Hungary, Galicia, and Poland. In Prague Sreznevskij met the most outstanding Slavists and writers like Šafářík, Hanka, Čelakovský, Palacký, Jungmann, and others. In Vienna he was especially impressed by Vuk Karadžić, and it was Sreznevskij who was to write Vuk’s first biography. He spent a short time in Graz where the first chair of the Slovenian language existed. In Zagreb he met the most outstanding representatives of the Illyrian movement. In Carinthia and other Slovenian areas his field work resulted in the first description of the Slovene dialects.
Forty two major, minor and some trace elements were determined by activation analysis in the new Czech Morávka H5 chondrite, which fell on May 6, 2000 in the vicinity of Morávka, north-east Moravia. The elements Na, Mg, Al, Si, Cl, Ca, Ti, V, Mn, Co, Ni, and Cu were determined by means of instrumental short-time neutron activation analysis (INAA), whereas another group of elements, namely Sc, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, As, Se, Br, Sb, La, Sm, Ir, Au and Hg were assayed using long-time INAA. Most of the rare earth elements (REE) were determined by radiochemical neutron activation analysis (RNAA) using precipitation of their oxalates, whilst for the determination of Rb and Cs an RNAA procedure based on selective sorption of the elements on ammonium phosphomolybdenate was employed. Mg, Ca, Ti, Mn, Ni, Sr, Y and Zr were determined by instrumental photon neutron activation analysis (IPAA) using the irradiation with 20 MeV bremsstrahlung from a microtron. For quality control, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) reference rocks basalt BCR-1 and diabase W-1 were analyzed. Moreover, the self-verification principle in activation analysis was employed to increase the credibility of the obtained results.