refunds, as well as strict pollution control requirements (Sharif and Huang 2012 ). These Hong Kong-owned firms are forced to upgrade and move up the value chain in order to survive in the province. It was a clear signal given by the policymakers that
Authors:Ming-Chao Huang, Shih-Chieh Fang, and Shao-Chi Chang
, Yue , WP , Su , C , Wu , Z , Ma , Z , Pan , YT , Ma , N , Hu , ZY , Shi , F , Yu , ZL , Wu , YS 2010 Patent activity on water pollution and treatment in China—a scientometric perspective . Scientometrics 83 3 639 – 651 10.1007/s
Krishna 2011 ).
There is encouraging number of organizations set up at public and private initiative related to environmental protection, health services, AIDS and drug control, conservation and pollution control, community forestry, etc. Their R
seven main goals: (a) sustaining natural capital such as biodiversity, water, and air; (b) sustaining life support systems such as ecosystems, ecosystem services, and natural resources; (c) minimizing human impacts such as climate change, pollution