Authors:Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Agar Ramos-Nevarez, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Sandra Margarita Cerrillo-Soto, Miriam Alejandra Mijarez-Hernández, Carlos Alberto Guido-Arreola, Alma Rosa Pérez-Álamos, Isabel Beristain-Garcia, and Elizabeth Rábago-Sánchez
Toxoplasma gondii ( T. gondii ) is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that causes infections in warm blooded animals including humans [ 1 ]. Infections with T. gondii in man are commonly
Authors:Kamal Dua, Venkata Ramana Malipeddi, Jyotsna Madan, Gaurav Gupta, Srikumar Chakravarthi, Rajendra Awasthi, Irene Satiko Kikuchi, and Terezinha De Jesus Andreoli Pinto
Infection is a major complication of burn injury and is responsible for 50–75% of hospital deaths. A moist, thermally coagulated burn wound, with its constantly replenished supply of diffusing serum nutrients and
Authors:Edna Madai Méndez-Hernández, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, José Manuel Salas-Pacheco, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Ada Agustina Sandoval-Carrillo, Francisco Xavier Castellanos-Juárez, Luis Ángel Ruano-Calderón, and Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel
Introduction Toxoplasma gondii ( T. gondii ) is an intracellular coccidian of the phylum Apicomplexa [ 1 ]. Chronic infections with this parasite occur in approximately 30% of the human population worldwide [ 2 ]. Humans usually acquire T. gondii
Authors:L. Stipkovits, P. Ripley, J. Varga, and V. Pálfi
Clinical, bacteriological and serological examination of 35 calves from the age of 5 to 26 days was performed in a Holstein-Friesian dairy herd endemically infected with Mycoplasma bovis. M. bovis was isolated from 48.6% of nasal swabs taken from the calves at the age of 5 days, and from 91.4% of the same calves at the age of 26 days, indicating the gradual spread of infection. The isolation rate of Pasteurella multocida did not change much, and varied from 28.6 to 25.7%. No P. haemolytica could be detected. In addition to M. bovis and P. multocida, the herd was also infected with different viruses (including bovine viral diarrhoea virus, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus, bovine adenoviruses, parainfluenza-3 virus, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus) as a large proportion of the sera of newborn calves contained colostral antibodies against these viruses. In most of the newborn calves severe clinical signs (fever, depression, inappetence, hyperventilation, dyspnoea, nasal discharge and coughing) due to M. bovis infection developed. The clinical signs appeared already on the fifth day of life, and their incidence was the highest at the age of 10 to 15 days. Three calves (8.6%) died as a result of severe serofibrinous pneumonia. The surviving calves showed very poor weight gain (ranging from 1.5 to 3.5 kg) during the first two weeks of life.
. S. Stagno W. Britt 2006 Cytomegalovirus infections J. S. Remington J. O. Klein C. B. Wilson C. J. Baker Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant 6th edition Elsevier Saunders Philadelphia 739 – 781
Authors:Lyudmila Boyanova, Petyo Hadzhiyski, Rumyana Markovska, Penka Yaneva, Daniel Yordanov, Galina Gergova, and Ivan Mitov
Helicobacter pylori infection is a common chronic infection affecting about half of human population worldwide and is most often acquired in early childhood [ 1 , 2 ]. Among children, prevalence of the
Authors:Zoltán Kis, Katalin Burián, Dezső Virók, and et al.
Mayr, M., Kiechl, S., Willeit, J., Wick, G., Xu, Q.: Infections, immunity, and atherosclerosis: associations of antibodies to Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori , and cytomegalovirus with immune reactions