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Abstract  

Spinel iron oxide (Fe3O4-γ-Fe2O3) particles were supported on microbeads of silica gel by the calcination of the silica gel base adsorbing citric acid and Fe3+ ions. The X-ray diffraction patterns and the57Fe Mössbauer spectra measured for the spinel iron oxide indicated that the particle size of the oxide was regulated by the mean pore diameter (4–82 nm) of the silica gel support employed. In the case of α-Fe2O3 particles prepared by using the same silica gel beads, it was revealed by the Mössbauer spectra and the electron micrographs that there were relatively large particles of the oxide on the surface of the beads, in addition to the particles in the silica gel micropores.

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Abstract  

The superparamagnetic iron oxide particles with a diameter of about 10 and 16 nm were obtained by the reaction of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in a water pool of reversed microemulsions. The obtained particles were ascribed to -Fe2O3 due to the oxidation of Fe3O4. Very fine particles of -Fe and Fe3O4 were also obtained by the thermal decomposition of FeC2O42H2O. The decomposition products and their particle size depended on the heat treatments.

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Abstract  

The adsorption of Ru on amorphous Fe(OH)3, -Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 have been measured as a function of the pH and the time of aging. The adsoprtion of Ru increases markedly in the 3–5.5 pH range. At higher pH values, -Fe2O3 shows different behaviour with respect to Ru adsorption. The influence of EDTA, citrate and oxalate on the adsorption of Ru on Fe3O4 has also been investigated. Possible mechanisms of the adsorption of Ru on hydrous iron oxides are discussed in the light of the results obtained in the course of this study and of those of other researchers.

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Abstract  

Effects of pH, Eu(III) concentration, ionic strength, temperature and humic acid (HA) on Eu(III) sorption to iron oxides were investigated in detail. The sorption of Eu(III) to iron oxides was significantly dependent on pH and weakly dependent on ionic strength, and higher temperature was gainful to Eu(III) sorption. In the presence of HA, Eu(III) sorption was enhanced significantly at low pH; whilst obvious negative effect was observed in higher pH range. Below 12 mg/L HA, HA could obviously enhanced Eu(III) sorption to iron oxides, nevertheless Eu(III) sorption decreased steeply with increasing HA while HA exceeded 12 mg/L. The results were helpful for understanding radionuclides behaviors in natural environment.

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Abstract  

The bentonite/iron oxide magnetic composites were prepared by co-precipitation method, and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscope. The prepared bentonite/iron oxide magnetic composites were used as a sorbent for the removal of Co(II) ions from radioactive wastewater. The results demonstrated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength at low pH values. The sorption of Co(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation or ion exchange at low pH whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The presence of iron oxide in the composites also contributes to the sorption of Co(II) ions on the magnetic composites. The experimental data were well described by Langmuir model. The thermodynamic parameters (∆G °, ∆S °, ∆H °) calculated from the temperature-dependent sorption isotherms indicated that the sorption of Co(II) on bentonite/iron oxide magnetic composites was an endothermic and spontaneous processes.

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Abstract  

Iron oxides, magnetite Fe3O4 and hematite Fe2O3 were laser-deposited onto Al substrates at various temperatures, and the Mössbauer spectra of the films were measured. The compositions of the films changed depending on the formation temperature of the substrate, oxide deficiency in the lattice structures and the formation process of the iron oxides. The films were composed of Fe3−xO4 and Fe1−xO independent of the laser-evaporation source (magnetite or hematite). Fe3−xO4 was seen to be dominant at higher temperatures and Fe1−xO was dominant at lower temperatures. The compositions of the films were confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, and the surfaces of the deposited films were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

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Abstract  

Iron oxide/multiwalled carbon nanotube magnetic composites (denoted as magnetic composites) were synthesized and characterized in detail. The magnetic composites can be separated from aqueous solution easily by using magnetic separation method. The application of magnetic composites in the removal of Eu(III) from large volumes of aqueous solutions was studied. The results indicated that the sorption of Eu(III) on the magnetic composites was strongly dependent on pH values and weakly dependent on ionic strength. The sorption of Eu(III) on the magnetic composites was mainly dominated by inner-sphere surface complexation. The linear sorption isotherms of Eu(III) suggested that Eu(III) sorption on the magnetic composites was far from saturation. The large sorption capacity and the easy magnetic separation method indicate that the magnetic composites may be a promising suitable material in nuclear waste management in future.

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The reduction kinetics of a pure and a Ca-added hematite, as well as of two iron oxide-containing metallurgical wastes, were studied by means of isothermal TG measurements, using H2 or CO as reducing agents.

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Abstract  

Sediments from the Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica, were investigated by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and radiometry. Quartz, feldspar, chlorite, calcite, dolomite, mica, kaolinite, hematite and magnetite were identified as constituent minerals in the sediment samples. The phase composition and the iron distribution among the crystallographic sites of iron-bearing minerals (silicates, magnetite and hematite) of samples from different location have been derived from the complex Mössbauer spectra. At different locations sediments had significant characteristic differences in the mineral composition, in the iron distribution among the crystallographic site of silicates, and in the specific radioactivity of Cs radionuclides. These results indicate differences in the rock formation and alteration by the sediments in this maritime part of Antarctica. There is a much higher amount of iron oxides in the sediments from south part of the geological fault across the Admiralty Bay than in the north part. This can be associated with much more alteration in the rocks in the south part compared to the northern one. This finding can contribute to the question of the history of the formation and alteration of volcanic rocks in the border of Antarctica.

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