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This paper presents the autonomy movement of Voivodina, what has been achieved so far and why the pre-1990 autonomy could not have been attained. The Hungarians of Voivodina have traditionally been enthusiastic supporters of provincial autonomy despite the fact that Voivodina’s autonomy is not a kind of ethnic autonomy. This issue will be explored through a focus on the case of the Hungarian minority and the ways in which the autonomy of Voivodina benefits ethnic minorities. I will demonstrate that the current powers of provincial institutions have been sufficient to implement minority rights in Voivodina better than in the rest of Serbia, yet were not enough to prevent inter-ethnic incidents. I will also consider why provincial authorities could be better trusted regarding minority protection than the central government, including in dealing with future ethnic violence.

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This article discusses the position of legal anthropology among the legal sciences and its interdisciplinary character through the example of the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority. The first part illustrates the place of legal anthropology among the other legal and social disciplines, and its role in legal thinking, by the analysis of a practical question, “What can we do to improve the social position of the Hungarian Roma minority by legal means?” The second part considers the importance of legal anthropology in the Hungarian Roma studies, briefly sketching the characteristics of the ethnological, sociological and cultural anthropological approaches. Finally, the article surveys the insights gained from the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority over the last two decades. It highlights the inspiring results of legal anthropological studies, and also the difficulties contemporary research has to face.

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The article discusses several aspects of minority problems. The author starts with analysing the issue of national-ethnic minorities and a minority's position in relation to a majority organized in a national state. Next, conditions for minority discourse (open or concealed) are examined, whose appearance is always determined by the majority; moreover, the ways of consolidating the identity of the majority are also analysed. Further questions are: minority regarded as otherness, strangeness or hostility, but also as a cognitive value (i.e., “mirror” reflecting the majority). Finally, the article raises the issue of becoming accustomed to the minority and the problems where minority and majority converge as a result of intercultural dialogue. In the second part of the article, the author defines research area, methodology, and - as an instance - refers to some of the analytic writings.

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The aim of this paper is to propose a cross-cultural approach to contemporary Hungarian-German minority literature comprising texts written both in German and in Hungarian in order to give an adequate description of the Hungarian-German minority’s literary scene. Also, the significance of this specific minority literature within the context of culture and heritage conservation and its true identity-forming potential can be analysed that way. First results indicate that Hungarian-German literature can help to (re)gain an authentic minority consciousness, but this requires not only a revaluation of the Hungarian-German literary institutions but also the capability to reinvent Hungarian-German literature on the part of the youngest generation of minority writers.

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The Polish Constitution adopted on 2 April 1997, for the first time after the war, contains a provision dedicated exclusively to protecting national and ethnic minorities, however without a definition of those two categories. The legislator extended the rights of national and ethnic minorities beyond those identified in the Article 35. The extension of such rights also results from international agreements. Thus far there is no statute regulating in a comprehensive and complete manner the situation of national and ethnic minorities (the Constitution does not make its adoption mandatory), the legal regulations concerning these issues are dispersed. The problem of legal definition of the national minority appeared in connection with the initiative of the formal recognition of the Union of People of Silesian Minority. Its application has been rejected by Polish courts for the reason of non-existence of such a minority and for the attempt of abuse of the electoral privilege granted to national minorities. The Supreme Court's position has been confirmed by the Chamber and then by the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights. However the 2002 national census revealed a new phenomenon of the Silesian minority: 3% of the inhabitants of the region declared their affinity to Silesian nationality.

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Brubaker, Rogers (1995): Natonal Minorities, National States and External National Homelands in the New Europe. Deadelus , American Academy for Arts and Sciences. Cambridge, Vol. 124, No. 2

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Basque and Nahuatl are special in that they form certain kinds of islands in the Spanish-speaking world. Both languages differ from Spanish: Basque is not an Indo-European language, its origin is unknown; Nahuatl belongs to the Uto-Aztec language family. Basque is an agglutinating, whereas Nahuatl is an incorporating language. Both live in a close coexistence with Spanish, which is one of the most common spoken languages in the world. In spite of this co-existence with the dominant Spanish language and culture for centuries, Basque-and Nahuatl-speaking minorities have preserved their identity and vitality. This paper intends to give a brief overview of Basque and Nahuatl, linguistic policy, as well as literature in these two languages

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Oberwart ( Osuch, 2008 ). The authorities and the Oberwart community, wanting to help the Romani minority after the 1995 terrorist attack, in which four Romani were killed, opened a company employing over a dozen of Romani women. The company cooperated with

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The article is devoted to the investigation of an aspect of the newest developments in Belarusian art and literature. The “inter-life”, the “life on the side” as a special way of orientation of Belarusian people is under scrutiny in a number of cultural chronotopes. In this context it is the comprehension of a Belarusian idea of characters in both literary and real “universes” that makes them “strangers”, a minority in Belarusian cultural zone. The author makes an attempt at a panoramic review of poetry and prose, and she tries to discuss the modern literary works which are most significant to the understanding of paradoxes of a national culture. In this work a number of images or topoi extremely important for modern Belarusian literature are outlined, and some intrinsic features of the collective images of various literary generations are described.

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. The Nationalities Problem in Transylvania, 1867–1940: A Social History of the Romanian Minority under Hungarian Rule, 1867–1918 and of the Hungarian Minority under Romanian Rule, 1918–1940 . Boulder, Colorado: Atlantic Research and Publications, 1992

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