Authors:Jamilah R. George, Timothy I. Michaels, Jae Sevelius, and Monnica T. Williams
predominantly White Western mainstream field of psychedelic medicine recognizes its role in cultural appropriation ( Herzberg & Butler, 2019 ), the perpetuation of systemic inequities, and the limitations of current treatment protocols for ethnic minority
The aim of this study is to draw
attention to national minorities as a group distinct from immigrants.
Additionally, it attempts to introduce a global perspective on national
minorities, specifically on Hungarians in Central Europe, where, instead of concentrating
on the respective countries separately, it adopts a comparative approach. As
there are no specific theories addressing the issue of national minorities from
the educational point of view, immigrant theories might be a useful starting
point. For example, Ogbu's categorization of minorities on the basis of
voluntariness (free will) allows us to distinguish between immigrants and
national minorities as two distinct categories. The applicability of Ogbu's
theory on national minorities gives us a good opportunity to test the utility
of his thesis in European context. Using empirical evidence from a nationally
representative survey carried out in the Carpathian Basin I find little support
for Ogbu's thesis. According to the data, there is a high discrepancy between
the autochthonous minorities examined in the study which questions the
possibility of generalisation of minorities based solely on voluntariness.
Additionally, the empirical analysis testing Ogbu's concept on the example of
Hungarians does not favour the thesis of oppositional culture. The Hungarian
national minority as an involuntary group is not significantly disadvantaged
with respect to educational attainment (with the exception of Slovakia). On the
contrary, they seem to catch up with the majority i.e. the gap between majority
and minority appears to be closing.
This paper presents the autonomy movement of Voivodina, what has been achieved so far and why the pre-1990 autonomy could not have been attained. The Hungarians of Voivodina have traditionally been enthusiastic supporters of provincial autonomy despite the fact that Voivodina’s autonomy is not a kind of ethnic autonomy. This issue will be explored through a focus on the case of the Hungarian minority and the ways in which the autonomy of Voivodina benefits ethnic minorities. I will demonstrate that the current powers of provincial institutions have been sufficient to implement minority rights in Voivodina better than in the rest of Serbia, yet were not enough to prevent inter-ethnic incidents. I will also consider why provincial authorities could be better trusted regarding minority protection than the central government, including in dealing with future ethnic violence.
This article discusses the position of legal anthropology among the legal sciences and its interdisciplinary character through the example of the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority. The first part illustrates the place of legal anthropology among the other legal and social disciplines, and its role in legal thinking, by the analysis of a practical question, “What can we do to improve the social position of the Hungarian Roma minority by legal means?” The second part considers the importance of legal anthropology in the Hungarian Roma studies, briefly sketching the characteristics of the ethnological, sociological and cultural anthropological approaches. Finally, the article surveys the insights gained from the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority over the last two decades. It highlights the inspiring results of legal anthropological studies, and also the difficulties contemporary research has to face.
The article discusses several aspects of minority problems. The author starts with analysing the issue of national-ethnic
minorities and a minority's position in relation to a majority organized in a national state. Next, conditions for minority
discourse (open or concealed) are examined, whose appearance is always determined by the majority; moreover, the ways of consolidating
the identity of the majority are also analysed. Further questions are: minority regarded as otherness, strangeness or hostility,
but also as a cognitive value (i.e., “mirror” reflecting the majority). Finally, the article raises the issue of becoming
accustomed to the minority and the problems where minority and majority converge as a result of intercultural dialogue. In
the second part of the article, the author defines research area, methodology, and - as an instance - refers to some of the
The aim of this paper is to propose a cross-cultural approach to contemporary Hungarian-German minority literature comprising texts written both in German and in Hungarian in order to give an adequate description of the Hungarian-German minority’s literary scene. Also, the significance of this specific minority literature within the context of culture and heritage conservation and its true identity-forming potential can be analysed that way. First results indicate that Hungarian-German literature can help to (re)gain an authentic minority consciousness, but this requires not only a revaluation of the Hungarian-German literary institutions but also the capability to reinvent Hungarian-German literature on the part of the youngest generation of minority writers.
The Polish Constitution adopted on 2 April 1997, for the first time after the war, contains a provision dedicated exclusively to protecting national and ethnic minorities, however without a definition of those two categories. The legislator extended the rights of national and ethnic minorities beyond those identified in the Article 35. The extension of such rights also results from international agreements. Thus far there is no statute regulating in a comprehensive and complete manner the situation of national and ethnic minorities (the Constitution does not make its adoption mandatory), the legal regulations concerning these issues are dispersed. The problem of legal definition of the national minority appeared in connection with the initiative of the formal recognition of the Union of People of Silesian Minority. Its application has been rejected by Polish courts for the reason of non-existence of such a minority and for the attempt of abuse of the electoral privilege granted to national minorities. The Supreme Court's position has been confirmed by the Chamber and then by the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights. However the 2002 national census revealed a new phenomenon of the Silesian minority: 3% of the inhabitants of the region declared their affinity to Silesian nationality.
Basque and Nahuatl are special in that they form certain kinds of islands in the Spanish-speaking world. Both languages differ from Spanish: Basque is not an Indo-European language, its origin is unknown; Nahuatl belongs to the Uto-Aztec language family. Basque is an agglutinating, whereas Nahuatl is an incorporating language. Both live in a close coexistence with Spanish, which is one of the most common spoken languages in the world. In spite of this co-existence with the dominant Spanish language and culture for centuries, Basque-and Nahuatl-speaking minorities have preserved their identity and vitality. This paper intends to give a brief overview of Basque and Nahuatl, linguistic policy, as well as literature in these two languages
Oberwart ( Osuch, 2008 ). The authorities and the Oberwart community, wanting to help the Romani minority after the 1995 terrorist attack, in which four Romani were killed, opened a company employing over a dozen of Romani women. The company cooperated with