Authors:Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Roser Granero, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, José M. Menchón, and Susana Jiménez-Murcia
through structural equation modeling (SEM), analyzed the underlying mechanisms between emotional dysregulation (DERS), trait impulsivity (UPPS-P), psychopathology (SCL-90-R), GD severity (the number of DSM-5 criteria met out of a maximum of nine), and the
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Authors:Gustavo C. Medeiros, Sarah A. Redden, Samuel R. Chamberlain, and Jon E. Grant
Background and aims
Gambling disorder (GD) may have its onset in a wide range of ages, from adolescents to old adults. In addition, individuals with GD tend to seek treatment at different moments in their lives. As a result of these characteristics (variable age at onset and variable age at treatment seeking), we find subjects with diverse duration of illness (DOI) in clinical practice. DOI is an important but relatively understudied factor in GD. Our objective was to investigate clinical and neurocognitive characteristics associated with different DOI.
This study evaluated 448 adults diagnosed with GD. All assessments were completed prior to treatments being commenced.
Our main results were: (a) there is a negative correlation between DOI and lag between first gambling and onset of GD; (b) lifetime history of alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with a longer duration of GD; (c) the presence of a first-degree relative with history of AUD is associated with a more extended course of GD; and (d) there is a negative correlation between DOI and quality of life.
This study suggests that some important variables are associated with different DOI. Increasing treatment-seeking behavior, providing customized psychological interventions, and effectively managing AUD may decrease the high levels of chronicity in GD. Furthermore, research on GD such as phenomenological studies and clinical trials may consider the duration of GD in their methodology. DOI might be an important variable when analyzing treatment outcome and avoiding confounders.
Authors:Joël Billieux, Adriano Schimmenti, Yasser Khazaal, Pierre Maurage, and Alexandre Heeren
Behavioral addiction research has been particularly flourishing over the last two decades. However, recent publications have suggested that nearly all daily life activities might lead to a genuine addiction.
Methods and aim
In this article, we discuss how the use of atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches may result in the identification of an unlimited list of “new” behavioral addictions.
Both methodological and theoretical shortcomings of these studies were discussed.
We suggested that studies overpathologizing daily life activities are likely to prompt a dismissive appraisal of behavioral addiction research. Consequently, we proposed several roadmaps for future research in the field, centrally highlighting the need for longer tenable behavioral addiction research that shifts from a mere criteria-based approach toward an approach focusing on the psychological processes involved.
Authors:Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Astrid Müller, Matthias Brand, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, María Lozano-Madrid, José M. Menchón, and Susana Jiménez-Murcia
, especially in female clinical populations ( Granero, Fernández-Aranda, Steward, et al., 2016 ). In general terms, those cases with both conditions generally have higher psychopathology and more dysfunctional personality traits ( del Pino-Gutiérrez et
Authors:Gemma Mestre-Bach, Roser Granero, Trevor Steward, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Marta Baño, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Zaida Agüera, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Laura Moragas, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Carles Soriano-Mas, Juan Francisco Navas, José C. Perales, José M. Menchón, and Susana Jiménez-Murcia
exclusively during episodes of mania or hypomania.
Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-90-R; Derogatis, 1990 )
This is a 90-item questionnaire measuring psychological distress and psychopathology. The items assess nine
Authors:Barbara Penolazzi, Fabio Del Missier, Davide Francesco Stramaccia, Anna Laura Monego, Luigi Castelli, Amalia Manzan, Marco Bertoli, and Giovanni Galfano
of different inhibitory measures, also including interference control tasks, may represent a more fine-grained strategy to detect endophenotypic indicators of various psychopathologies ( Gottesman & Gould, 2003 ). More specifically, the ability to