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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Ferenc Túry, Pál Szabó, Szilvia Dukay-Szabó, Irena Szumska, Dávid Simon, and Günther Rathner

.0%, and that of subclinical BN was 3.8% among women and 1.2% among men (see above – Rathner et al., 1995 ). A questionnaire survey by Tölgyes and Nemessúri (2004) found BN prevalence of 0.6% among female secondary school and university students

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Abstract  

This paper reports on a study of Reprint Requests (RRs). It is estimated that tens of millions of RRs are mailed each year, most being triggered byCurrent Contents. A sample of RRs generated by three papers, plus a questionnaire-survey of the requesters for one paper, form the basis of this study into language use patterns in the RR genre. English is ubiquitous, German and French infrequent, Russian and Spanish rare. This language data is significant because it provides unit-level language decision making (as opposed to that at other levels). Various applications of RR research are discussed, including its relevance to the issue of Third World Science.

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This paper is an attempt to restore the linguistic image of the world recorded in the language of present-day users. The material investigated is based on a questionnaire survey (17 questionnaires, 132 Polish informants). The analysis shows that the cognitive basis of this concept is made up of some profiles, conceptualizations. It may be concluded that this concept is widely regarded as multicategorial (ontological, axiological, biological, social and religious category). The linguistic image of the lexeme ‘life’ in the opinion of the informants markedly differs from those of dictionary definitions.

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This paper proposes an approach based on a questionnaire survey with corporate property management executives as well as facility management service providers for evaluating building operation and maintenance performance. The energy consumption in the nation’s real estate stock in EU accounts for about 40% of the total energy consumption in the built environment, with non-residential buildings responsible for approximately half of this. Performance needs to be measured and monitored to support stakeholders’ long-term maintenance and operating cost savings strategies. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the appropriate data mining methodology of performance measurement and to show the use of benchmarking on Hungary’s properties.

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This paper summarizes the first results of the analysis of a questionnaire survey on the determinants of social cohesion and interethnic relations in Hungarian local communities. The survey was carried out in villages and small towns in four different regions of the country in 2012. Our results show that the socioeconomic status and geo-cultural background of the local community significantly shape social cohesion and interethnic trust. Migration rate, on the other hand, plays a surprisingly minor role in shaping trust and cohesion. The effect of fractionalization is moderate, and, interestingly, mainly positive if national minorities are present in the local community.

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Abstract

This study investigates the key factors influencing acceptance of the relevance of evolutionary theory to human behaviour, and the attitudes underlying them. Using data gathered from a wide-ranging questionnaire survey of students and staff in UK universities on attitudes to science, evolution and its application to human behaviour, multivariate analysis reveals that studying social sciences and sociocultural anthropology correlate with rejection of evolutionary approaches. The incompatibility of social science conceptions of humankind and human behaviour with evolutionary theory are discussed, with particular emphasis on the cultural focus of social scientists and modern attempts to incorporate cultural interactions into evolutionary approaches.

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Investigation on human resource role is progressing, and the influence of fits between human resources and business strategies have been confirmed in various studies. Such influence has also been proven as a good way to acquire organizational competitive advantages and achieve the optimal operating performance. Under such a context, a new variable, Management Innovation, is included in this study to observe the effects of such a practical and changeable variable on strategic orientation and human resource management role.

Top ten businesses in Fujian Province are selected for the questionnaire survey. Total 500 copies of questionnaire are distributed and 376 valid copies are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 75%. The research results show the positive effects of 1. strategic orientation on management innovation, 2. strategic orientation on human resource management role, and 3. management innovation on human resource management role. It expects to verify richer and multiple effects in this study for the reference of successive research and the practice.

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The safe speeds and also the general speed limits are quite different outside and within built-up areas. If it does not follow from the road design, whether the given scene is within or outside built-up area, drivers are uncertain about their appropriate speed.This paper shows two approaches to assess the degree of uncertainty of the drivers. The first was a questionnaire survey of requested speeds at various road scenes. In the second method, the recognition process of drivers was simulated by image classification software.Output indicators of these methods (standard deviation of speeds and certainty score) can serve as tools to identify road scenes and road elements leading to uncertain and therefore risky situations.

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On self-explaining roads drivers automatically drive according to the expected behavior and speed. In order to create this type of roads, within a given road category the layout should be homogenous, whereas a remarkable difference should exist between road categories. Using a sample of 500 persons, the paper analyses, which road categories are identified and distinguished by road users.A picture sorting task was completed to find out how road users group 45 different road scenes, and how these groups correspond to the road categories according to current standards.In addition, an analysis of a questionnaire survey was used to determine how individual road scene images are grouped on the basis of chosen speeds, and how this grouping corresponds to road categories. For processing of speed data, cluster analysis was used.The result of both surveys show that road users can clearly distinguish only 4–5 road categories. The paper compares these results with the design guidelines of some countries.

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Temperament has not been taken into account in previous studies evaluating the stress response to exercise in horses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cortisol response in Thoroughbred racehorses to a single exercise bout, and to analyse the results based on the basic personality of the horse examined. Twenty healthy Thoroughbred horses were selected for the study based on a 25-item rating questionnaire survey used for characterising equine temperament. Eight temperamental and twelve calm horses took part in the experiment. The horses trotted as a warm-up activity, and then galloped on a rounded sand track. Blood sampling was conducted four times for each horse. Horses with a more excitable temperament showed a higher cortisol response to the test (P = 0.036). In conclusion, cortisol levels in response to a mild intensive exercise can be affected by temperament in horses. Serum cortisol may be a relevant marker to quantify individual temperamental differences in racehorses.

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