Authors:Iryna Izarova, Bartosz Szolc-Nartowski, and Anastasiia Kovtun
commentaries of Roman jurists. He also took advantage of works on philosophy and rhetoric. The works he had studied were of no use, however as they did not guide a judge on how should he rule in complicated cases where it was difficult to arrive at a judgment
by the Commission, Parliament and the CJEU is crucial regardless of the Council’s yes/no decision(s) in the cases at hand. Generally speaking, the EU’s rhetoric on Poland and Hungary is likely to demonstrate if the Rule of Law concept can address
most pressing problems, which is only preceded by issues of healthcare and social security ( Juhász et al., 2017 ). According to the survey of TÁRKI (a social research institute) conducted in 2016, anti-refugee rhetoric reached an unrecorded scale in
The present paper intends to highlight some aspects of Cicero’s speech in defence of Marcus Caelius Rufus on 4 April 56 BC on the first day of the Ludi Megalenses. In 56 BC, as a result of peculiar coincidence of political and private relations, Cicero was given the opportunity to deal a heavy blow on Clodius and Clodia in his Pro Caelio, whom he mocked in the trial with murderous humour using the means of Roman theatre, and, thus, arranged a peculiar theatre performance during the Megalensia, which anyway served as the time of the Ludi scaenici. After outlining the circumstances of the lawsuit (I.) and the background of the Bona Dea case that sowed the seeds of the conflict between Cicero and the gens Clodia (II.) in our paper we intend to analyse the rhetoric situation provided by the Ludi Megalenses and genially exploited by Cicero (III.) and the orator’s tactics applied in the speech in defence of Caelius (IV.).
Phrased in idealistic terms and having benefited from positive and fastidious correlative obligations, economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) — also termed “claim-rights” — have long been regarded as “poor relatives” of their elder “brothers”, i.e. civil and political rights (CPR) or “liberty-rights”, which are surrounded by an aura of historic authority and judicial force. These rights have often been pushed by doctrine towards the field of legal rhetoric. However, jurisprudence has proved that, despite such criticism, ESCR may well be subject to judicial control, either by the indivisibility principle of human rights or interpreting correlative obligations. The article aims to show that, by virtue of its complex structure, the European system for the protection of human rights contributes to enhancing the judicial efficiency of ESCR in social space. The understanding of this phenomenon may be used by the national advocate for a more efficient handling of international instruments for the protection of human rights. The method used here will be the comparative jurisprudential analysis.
Petraglia, J. (1998): Reality by Design: The Rhetoric and Technology of Authenticity in Education . Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Reality by Design: The Rhetoric and Technology of Authenticity in