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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: P. Penksza, R. sárosi, R. Juhász, K. Manninger-kóczán, B. Szabó-Nótin, L. Szakács, and J. Barta

Kip, P., Meyer, D. & Jellema, R.H. (2006): Inulins improve sensoric and textural properties of low-fat yoghurts. Int. Dairy J., 16, 1098–1103. Jellema R.H. Inulins improve

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: Valeria Palermo, Ángel G. Sathicq, Patricia G. Vázquez, Horacio J. Thomas, and Gustavo P. Romanelli

adsorption technique. These catalysts were well characterized by means of 31 P-NMR, UV–visible spectra, FT-IR spectra, thermal analysis, and textural properties. Mo, V and Bi amounts were estimated by ICP-AES analysis. Experimental

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Introduction Hazelnut spreads are considered as a complex multiphase system, which contain different dispersed solid particulars and a continuous fat phase ( Glicerina et al., 2013 ). The physical attributes such as textural properties, viscosity

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heating. Microwaved doughs’ exterior remains tough while the interior is hard and chewy [ 2 ]. These and other deleterious textural properties have been discussed elsewhere [ 3 – 7 ]. Par-baking the dough prior to reheating improves bread quality

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Abstract  

Pt/MCM, Pt/SiO2, Pd/MCM and Pd/SiO2 were prepared and characterized by H2-TPR, TEM, 29Si-CP-MAS-NMR, DRS-UV-Vis and tested in the hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane. Differences in the catalytic behavior were related with textural properties.

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Abstract  

The effect of the iron precursor on the thermal decomposition of iron oxyhydroxides was studied by DSC, DTA and TG in this work. Samples were prepared from iron nitrate, iron sulfate and iron chloride and the thermal curves obtained were analyzed by specific area measurements, X-ray diffraction and Mssbauer spectroscopy. It was found that the iron oxyhydroxide precursors affect the temperatures of the hematite formation as well as the textural properties of the final hematite producing particles with different diameters as following: iron sulfate (3.3 nm)<iron nitrate (15 nm)<iron chloride (24 nm).

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Potato wedges were deep, shallow, and par-fried in soybean, sesame, and mustard oils using a laboratory formulated citric acid based antioxidant. The wedges were stored at –18 °C for 10, 20, 30, and 40 days. The quality of the wedges was assessed by subjective method (sensory analysis) and objective method (texture studies). Fuzzy logic was applied as a tool to analyze the linguistic data of subjective evaluation. Objective evaluation was conducted by studies on hardness, shear modulus and shear energy of the wedges. The wedges with highest defuzzified scores (obtained by sensory evaluation) and minimum changes in textural properties (P<0.05) were obtained in par-fried soybean oil (after 40 days storage) and in deep fried sesame and mustard oils (both after 30 days storage). The ranking of fried wedges (in the antioxidant administered oils) based on defuzzified scores after 40 days were: sesame > mustard > soybean (deep fry), mustard > soybean > sesame (shallow fry) and soybean > mustard > sesame (par-fry).

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Abstract  

This work is focused on the gas and liquid-phase adsorption of pollutants: propanol, 2-butanone, phenol and nicotine onto zeolites (H-BETA, H-ZSM-5, H-MCM-22, and clinoptilolite). Textural properties and origin of zeolites were taken into account as criteria of adsorbents selection. The aldehyde and the ketone were adsorbed in the gas phase using microcalorimetry linked to a volumetric line to evaluate adsorption. Adsorptions in water were carried out for phenol and nicotine and the evolved heats during adsorption were measured by a differential heat flow reaction calorimeter with stirring. Results are discussed in relation with the pore sizes and various interactions which could occur between the adsorbent and the adsorbate.

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: O. Velasco-González, S. Echavarría-Almeida, A. Pajarito, and E. San Martín-Martinez

The textural properties and hydration capacity of legumes in general and of beans in particular is a subject about which much research has been done. However, at present there is still no practical answer to the “Hard to Shell” and “Hard to Cook” effects. The present investigation studies 14 varieties of recently picked beans that were grown in Mexico. The beans were classified by size using K-means multivariate analysis, and three fractions were obtained for each variety: large (L), medium (M) and small (S). These fractions were evaluated for hardness, water absorption rate and total water absorption. It was found that the small bean fraction of the varieties studied had the lowest hardness values in comparison to the medium and large fractions. This same behaviour was observed for the water absorption rate and total water absorption; the smaller beans absorbed water more quickly and had greater total water absorption than the other fractions. One kind of bean (Pinto Villa) proved to be much harder than the other varieties. The total water absorption increased and hardness decreased for beans with greater ash content, but no correlation was found between these two properties (water absorption and hardness) for protein and fiber content.

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Abstract  

Activity concentrations using gamma-ray spectrometer and distributions of natural radionuclides in soil samples collected were investigated to assess the environmental radioactivity and characterization of radiological hazard. The average concentrations of 238U, 232Th series and 40K in the 5 cm depth soil were 22.53, 33.43 and 406.62 Bq kg−1, respectively, which was within world median ranges in the UNSCEAR 2000 report. The average absorbed dose rate estimated by soil activity and annual effective doses were 49.32 nGy h−1 and 60.48 μSv, respectively. Since the soil is an important building material, the mean radium equivalent activity (Ra eq), external (H ex) and internal (H in) hazard index using various models given in the literature for the study area were evaluated as 101.72 Bq kg−1, 0.27 and 0.34, respectively, which were below the recommended limits. The effects of pH value, conductivity, true density and textural properties of soil samples on the natural radionuclide levels were also studied. The application of cluster analysis (CA) and principal component analysis (PCA), coupled with Pearson correlation coefficient analysis, were utilized to analyze the data, identify and clarify the effects of physico-chemical properties on natural radioactivity levels. The CA and PCA results showed that the former method yielded three distinctive groups of the soil variables whereas the latter one yielded the number of variables into three factors with 87.5% variance explanation.

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