, repeated fluid boluses are unlikely to improve tissue level perfusion/oxygenation irrespective of the cause (sepsis-related oxidative stress, endotoxin exposure or shearing forces of aggressive crystalloid resuscitation). When the barrier function of the
(also cited as intergroup contact theory) in this special area [ 4 ].
SUD-related stigma may be characterized by the concern that substance users can carry infectious diseases (such as hepatitis C or HIV), their behaviour can be aggressive and
Authors:Sajith Vellappally, Darshan Devang Divakar, Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Kheraif, Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah, Amer Alqahtani, M. H. N. Dalati, Sukumaran Anil, Aftab Ahmed Khan, and P. R. Harikrishna Varma
isolated Staphylococcus species in IE cases [ 18, 19 ], Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus lugdunensis are also predominant causative agents of IE [ 11, 19 ], and aggressive clinical courses with high mortality [ 20 ]. Both S. aureus and
Authors:Ecem Çağlan, Şeyma Nigiz, Banu Sancak, and Deniz Gür
infected with heteroresistant isolates have been attributed to the use of aggressive colistin dosing and combination therapy [ 26 ]. Conclusions The standard method to detect in vitro susceptibility to colistin is BMD; however, it is not sufficient to