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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Donata Grimm, Linn Woelber, Katharina Prieske, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Sascha Kürti, Chia-Jung Busch, Ingo Teudt, Oliver Brummer, Volkmar Mueller, and Thomas Meyer

oncogenic potential is also ascribed to HPV 68 and 73 [ 2 ]. Among these HR-HPV types, the highest risk of malignant transformation is described for persistent infection with HPV 16 and HPV 18 [ 3 , 4 ]. In addition to CC, HR-HPV were also detected in 40

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: T. Warzecha, T. Adamski, Z. Kaczmarek, M. Surma, P. Goliński, J. Perkowski, J. Chełkowski, H. Wiśniewska, K. Krystkowiak, and A. Kuczyńska

167 176 Legzdina, L., Buerstmayr, H. 2004. Comparison of infection with Fusarium head blight and accumulation of mycotoxins in grain of hulless and covered barley. J

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Markus M. Heimesaat, Lea-Maxie Haag, André Fischer, Bettina Otto, Anja A. Kühl, Ulf B. Göbel, and Stefan Bereswill

U Grundmann AA Kühl 2012 Campylobacter jejuni infection of infant mice: acute enterocolitis is followed by asymptomatic intestinal

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The genus Fusarium consists of multiple diverse species, which, as a result of their frequency in nature and pathogenicity, are significant in agriculture, as well as in human and veterinary medicine. In the course of field trials, by using standard phytopathological methods, and performing analyses of 19 different varieties of wheat and a portion of infected grains gathered from two distinct locations in Slovenia, we have determined the presence of various phytopathogenic species of the genus Fusarium. Because of the reliability, the experiment was performed in two consecutive years, 2012 and 2013. A laboratory analysis was conducted with an ELISA test on all grain samples for the determination of deoxynivalenol (DON) concentration. The results show that the main differences in the infection levels (F. culmorum + F. graminearum; FC + FG) of wheat samples were found in Jable (humid area), at the same time showing higher levels of DON content than Rakičan (dry area). Such a statement is supported by correlation test, where correlation is evident between FC + FG and DON in every variation. The data for both wheat types (awned and awnless) together showed that the grain in Jable is statistically significant more infected by FC + FG when compared to that in Rakičan. Moreover, our descriptive analysis confirms that the infection rate of grain with FC and FG shows a strong correlation with the emergence of DON.

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Y. Suzuki 1996 Association of CD4+ T cell-dependent, interferon-gamma-mediated necrosis of the small intestine with genetic susceptibility of mice to peroral infection with Toxoplasma gondii

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T.P. Hughes M.J. Blaser 1988 Experimental Campylobacter jejuni infection in humans J Infect Dis

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infections . Drugs 67 , 351 – 368 ( 2007 ) 2. Gellatly SL , Hancock RE : Pseudomonas aeruginosa : new insights into pathogenesis and host defenses

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1 233 240 Bol, J.F., Linthorst, J.M., Cornelissen, B.J.C. 1990. Plant pathogenesis — related proteins induced by virus infection. Annu. Rev

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A safflower disease was observed in the fields of South Khorasan (Iran) in 2017–2018. Affected plants had extensive fasciation, bushy growth, small leaves, phyllody and shortened internodes. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays were performed using universal phytoplasma primers pairs P1/P7, R16mF1/mR1 and M1/M2 to detect putative phytoplasma (s). Nested PCR analyses showed that all symptomatic plants were positive for phytoplasma infection, while asymptomatic plants were negative. Nucleotide sequence analysis and RFLP analyses of PCR-amplified 16S rDNA sequences indicated that safflower fasciation in Iran was associated with a phytoplasma that belonged to the peanut witches' broom group (16SrII). Phylogenetic analysis confirmed that safflowers fasciation phytoplasma (SaP) must be classified in ‘Candidatus phytoplasma aurantifolia’ (16SrII) taxonomic group. To our knowledge, this is the first documentation of a phytoplasma associated with safflower fasciation in Iran and the world.

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We compared the haematological and biochemical values within a population of yellow-legged gulls (Larus michahellis) in the Chafarinas Islands (Northern Africa), in non-breeding (February) and breeding (May) animals. We collected blood samples from 51 adults. We found that according to the haematological data, there was a significant variation in haemoglobin content, and a higher proportion of heterophils, thrombocytes, and Haemoproteus infection in breeding individuals with a lower level in basophils. Blood biochemistry showed a higher level in plasmatic proteins, calcium, phosphorus, thiobarbituric acidreactive substances and alkaline phosphatase as well as alanine aminotransferase activity in breeding animals while cholesterol and phospholipid levels showed a lower level. There was also a sexual difference in triglycerides, albumin, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and alkaline phosphatase activity. Hence, the haematological and blood chemistry values of yellow-legged gulls showed some differences between breeding and non-breeding individuals as well as between sexes.

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