Electronic publishing developments and new information technology in general will affect the main functions of scientific communication. Most changes however will be primarily technological but not conceptual. Publication via journals of high reputation is in most fields of science crucial to receive professional recognition. That will remain so in the ihelectronic erale. A much more revolutionary change in science will be the increasing availability and sharing of research data.
Advances in information technology have increased actual and potential uses of patent statistics as proxy measures of innovative activities. Analytical contributions have come out of economics, bibliometrics, and descriptive comparisons for policy purposes. They show achievement of promise in analysing (1) international patterns of innovative activities and their effects on trade and production; (2) patterns of innovative activities amongst firms, and their effects on firm performance and industrial structure; (3) rates and directions of innovative activities in different technical fields and industrial sectors; (4) links between science and technology.However, systematic biases remain in patent statistics, the full assessment of which require further econometric, classificatory and survey research.
Authors:Patrik Márk Máder, Dorottya Szilágyi, and Olivér Rák
Information-based modeling technology is supported by advanced information technology solutions in the building industry. The integration of its methodology into construction and design processes is already going on. However, many areas still have development possibilities; for instance, building surveys belong to these fields. Countless survey tools and methodologies endeavor to support and ease the work of professionals in design and construction, yet there is a need for comprehensive collaboration. This could be promoted by creating a direct link between survey tools and architectural design software.
This article demonstrates a tool under development that intends to provide a solution to this issue.
The article discusses the effects of the global economic recession - since 2008 — on the Hungarian building construction, thereby affecting the architectural design activity, primarily from the perspective of the change in design view. The recession, which points beyond its economical aspect, emphasizes a vastly complex approach, which makes the handling of the accumulated social and environmental problems inevitable. The designers have to show solidarity towards the constructed and natural environment, and first of all people. The article reveals the current activities and results of the Research Group of Solidary Architecture founded recently at Pollack Mihály Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs.
Tamás A. M. The architecture of recession, New tendencies in architectural planning, Habilitation Thesis, Pollack Mihály Faculty of Engineering and InformationTechnology, University of Pécs, Hungary, 21 st
The 21st century is a knowledge economic era when a person who could master knowledge and technologies could master the competitive future. The knowledge and technology competition and the emergence of information technology and the Internet in the future have innovation strategies enter a new era. Knowledge management and share as well as innovation strategies of a business present the importance on the enhancement of competitive advantages. Effective knowledge management and innovation strategies become the key in the success.
Aiming at Kunshan German Industrial Park, the executives and employees in 6 of top 500 businesses are distributed 300 copies of questionnaires, among which 218 valid copies are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 73%. The research results show the significant correlations between 1. innovation strategies and competitive advantages, 2. knowledge management and innovative strategies, and 3. knowledge management and competitive advantages. It is expected to assist businesses in constructing knowledge management.
Seismology has several features that suggest it is a highly internationalized field: the subject matter is global, the tools
used to analyse seismic waves are dependent upon information technologies, and governments are interested in funding cooperative
research. We explore whether an emerging field like seismology has a more internationalised structure than the older, related
field of geophysics. Using aggregated journal-journal citations, we first show that, within the citing environment, seismology
emerged from within geophysics as its own field in the 1990s. The bibliographic analysis, however, does not show that seismology
is more internationalised than geophysics: in 2000, seismology had a lower percentage of all articles co-authored on an international
basis. Nevertheless, social network analysis shows that the core group of cooperating countries within seismology is proportionately
larger and more distributed than that within geophysics. While the latter exhibits an established network with a hierarchy,
the formation of a field in terms of new partnership relations is ongoing in seismology.
Authors:László Pusztai, Balázs Kocsi, and István Budai
Generally, engineering projects are getting bigger and bigger and more complex to handle. Due to the developments of information technology, managers have the opportunity to plan the execution of their projects and calculate the critical paths of those projects precisely, regardless of the types and sizes of their projects. However, these indicators are not realistic; in many cases the predetermined partial-deadlines cannot be kept, therefore the end of the project must be postponed. The aim of the research is to modify the inputs of the critical path method with the application of fuzzy values. The use of fuzzy values in business planning can support project managers in building the uncertainty factor into their model.
Izsó, L. (2000) Discrimination between design errors and user errors by binominal test. Behaviour & InformationalTechnology 19 , 5, 379-384.
Discrimination between design errors and user errors by binominal test