Authors:Jia Zheng, Zhi-yun Zhao, Xu Zhang, Dar-zen Chen, Mu-hsuan Huang, Xiao-ping Lei, Ze-yu Zhang, Yun-hua Zhao, and Run-sheng Liu
of research, scholarly information and patents—ten years trend . In Proceedings of the North American Serials Interest Group (NASIG) 6th Annual Conference , The Serials Librarian 21, (pp. 2 – 3 ) San Antonio : Trinity University
person-to-person interactions are complements with other forms of information flow, such as publications and conferences. Yet, hires, joint ventures between industry and universities, patents and contract research are less important. This is reconfirmed
( 2004 ) also suggest that patent citations are a good indicator of whether a universitypatent would be licensed but not a good predictor of revenue.
Although patent citations are a useful but noisy indicator of knowledge flows, they have also
Authors:Giovanni Abramo, Ciriaco Andrea D’Angelo, and Marco Solazzi
necessarily indicate the actual authorship of a patent, the number of universitypatents stemming from true collaboration with industry may actually be less than 20. A more direct approach would entail a survey of research collaboration agreements between