Accepting the dates in the short version of Eusebius of Caesarea's De martyribus Palestinae as correct and assuming that in defining the holidays and the days of the week the author followed the Christian calendar of Caesarea - which was not identical with the Roman one - it seems likely that the martyr Apphianus was executed not on a simple Friday (MP rec. brev. 4, 15: ἡμέρᾳ παρασκευῆς), but on Good Friday (ἡμέρᾳ Παρασκευῆς).
Principles of the thorium-230 dating method were applied to the study of thorium and uranium isotopes in a series of rain samples collected at Fayetteville (36°N, 94°W), Arkansas, since 1980. The results indicate that the rainwater contains volcanic ash materials with a wide variety of ages, which were blown up onto the upper stratosphere from the 18 May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens and the 28 March 1982 eruption of E1 Chichón. These volcanic materials seem to have stayed airborne for a number of years and profoundly affected the global atmospheric inventories of thorium and uranium isotopes.
Hungarian excavations in the Theban necropolis have been extended to wide territories on the south slope of the El-Khokha hillock. In the 2005 season, the tracing of the epigraphic material of the mural decoration in the 19
Dynasy rock cut tomb of Nefermenu (TT 184) was completed. This monument, according to its characteristic religious, architectural and artistic layout, belongs to the so called “Khokha tomb-group” of TT 23 (Tjay), TT 32 (Djehutimes), TT 183 (Nebsumenu) and TT 264 (Ipiy). In previous seasons, the remains of a pyramid-like superstructure of a New Kingdom tomb were exposed, which probably belonged to Nefermenu’s monument. The research of the chronological position of this superstructure drew the attention to the structures in the upper section of the hillock, where architectural survey was carried out in the small and ruined New Kingdom rock cut tombs: TT 204, TT 205, TT 206, and (Kampp)-41-,-42-,-43-Excavation was also possible in one of these:-43-, and in a newly discovered, Middle Kingdom monument, a saff-tomb with eight-pillared façade, where material of secondary burials dated to the Third Intermediate Period also came to light. The analysis of finds from earlier seasons concentrated on wooden fragments, shabtis, funerary cones and cartonnages.
– A. Rajna – G. Serlegi : The thing. The “Protoboleráz” phenomenon . In: Silesia and Related Areas from 46th to 36th centuries B C. Chronology and taxonomy. Special dedicated session 29th of May 2015. XIX . Silesian Archaeological Symposium
It appears a hopeless endeavour to create the catalogue raisonnée of Károly Markó the Elder's oeuvre, but the effort must not be given up. We are still a long way away from knowing the whole oeuvre, as it is very hard to set the works in chronological order. Clues are to be gleaned from the oeuvre, first of all the works that were shown in the Vienna and Pest exhibitions and are already identified.
Several pictures of the early, little known years exhibited in the showings of the Akademie der Bildenden Künste between 1826 and 1848 have been found recently and shed new light on the oeuvre. In the exhibition of the Pest Art Society the whole Markó family was involved, the identified paintings providing important information not only of the family but also of the Hungarian art life in general. In the appendix I list the items gleaned from the Viennese catalogues followed by the entire stock of the Pest exhibition. The two sets of data are a great addition to the future catalogue raisonnée and complement Mrs Gábor Ö. Pogány's first catalogue of works published in 1957.
The study discusses the emblematic Visegrád painting from the point of view of dating. Early in his career Markó depicted several castles the best known of which are the gouache adaptations of Josef Fischer's series. During his stay in Pest Markó changed over to oil, and I presume that Visegrád is a next step from the watercolour cycle of castles, as one of the first pieces – if not the very first piece – of his changing to oil painting in the 1820s. It was also dated to this period in the 2011 exhibition and catalogue (Károly Markó and His Circle. From Myth to Image). Finally, I try to clarify the circumstances of the genesis of another set of Markó paintings, those of the Great Plain, by arranging them into strict chronological order.
Juha Janhunen has recently presented his new theory on the formation and spread of the Uralian language family, according to which Proto-Uralic emerged in eastern Siberia in the vicinity of Proto-Altaic. The Uralic languages later spread from this region as far as Scandinavia and Central Europe. However, this theory is essentially no more than hypothetical linguistic speculation since it does not take into account the evidence of the history of various peoples, principally the fact that there is nothing in the archaeological record to indicate that there was a large-scale migration from eastern Siberia to eastern Europe during the Stone Age.
.) Aldershot, 2007. 488–504.
Pritsak 1992 = Pritsak Omeljan: On the Chronology of Ólafr Tryggvason and Volodimer the Great. The Saga’s Relative Chronology as a Historical Source. Harvard Ukrainian Studies 1992/1–2: 9