The author introduces the problem of identity and bilingualism in the linguistic image of Slovaks living in Hungary with the help of linguistic material collected among Slovaks in Hungary. Starting from statements of Janusz Bańczerowski’s monograph on the linguistic image of the world, this paper demonstrates the outward forms of the following relations: non-verbal communication, the cognitive function of language as well as the scientific and cultural image of the world as the components of the second reality, the mechanisms of connecting words. Especially the oldest elements of the world concept of Slovaks living in Hungary serve as an interesting lesson, reflecting the above-mentioned relations.
In 1977, there was a one-time forced bathing of Roma people in the Pest county village, the subject of this article. Seemingly, no memory of the event has survived within the Romungro community: the villagers do not remember if Roma people were ever forced to submit to bathing. There is more than one reason for this: first, after the first occasion the authorities abandoned the idea, therefore its one-time memory has faded away over time. Second, because of its shameful connotation the participants were unwilling to talk about it. They did not talk about it since it could have evoked the memory of the “dirty Roma” in a community where purity and dirtiness are basic mental categories. Through concepts used by the community concerning purity and order this article explores what local Roma think about the forced bathing of the past. It examines how they conceive those events which seem to have no memory in the community.
A homoszexualitás minden korban létezett: voltak korok, amelyekben elítélték, büntették a homoszexualitást, majd betegségnek, később normasértésnek tekintették. Manapság néhány országban már szabadon választott életforma. A homoszexualitást számos sztereotípia övezi ma is, amelyhez az is hozzájárul, hogy a homoszexuálisok sajátosságait nehéz felmérni rejtőzködésük miatt. Jelen tanulmány célja, hogy megtudjuk, hogyan vélekednek magukról a homoszexuálisok, illetve hogyan vélekednek róluk a heteroszexuálisok. A véleményeket a leggyakoribb sztereotípiák tükrében értékeltük. A strukturált interjúk 11 fő heteroszexuális és 10 fő homoszexuális alannyal készültek. Az eredmények azt mutatják, hogy a bűn és a betegség diskurzus, néhány kivételtől eltekintve, már nem része a sztereotípiáknak. Az is jól látható, hogy a sztereotípiáknak van valóságalapjuk, azonban sok esetben éppen maguk a homoszexuálisok azok, akik elfogadják ezeket.
Authors:Jordi Ardanuy, Cristóbal Urbano, and Lluís Quintana
A citation analysis was carried out on the most important research journals in the field of Catalan literature between 1974
and 2003. The indicators and qualitative parameters obtained show the value of performing citation analysis in cultural and
linguistic areas that are poorly covered by the A&HCI. Catalan literature shows a similar pattern to that of humanities in
general, but it could still be in a stage of consolidation because too little work has as yet been published.
The Erdélyi Fiatalok (Transylvanian Youth), a group of young Hungarian intellectuals in Transylvania, undertook in the 1930s “to know” the Hungarian village. They did so in order to know themselves better as Hungarians because they were convinced that the essential qualities of the “race” had been preserved in their purest form in the village, far removed from the cosmopolitan, modern city. Just as urgent, in their minds, was the need to establish close links between the intellectuals and the rural population, if the Hungarian community in Transylvania was to survive. Their way of achieving their goals was to carry out the systematic investigation of village life in all its diverse aspects and to base their work on up-to-date sociological theory and research methods. While drawing on the experience of their Hungarian colleagues elsewhere, they were perhaps most indebted to the ideas and practices developed by the sociological school of Bucharest, headed by Dimitrie Gusti, professor of sociology at the University. Gusti and his team of researchers welcomed the participation of the Transylvanian Hungarians in their work, and the resulting common labors offered an encouraging example of Romanian-Hungarian cooperation. In the end, the initiatives of the Erdélyi Fiatalok were thwarted by events beyond their control and perhaps by their own idealism.
According to the 2011 Population Census in Croatia, 16,975 persons declared themselves as members of the Roma national minority. This number does not reflect the real situation. According to the estimate by the