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Work addiction: An organizational behavior as well as an addictive behavior?

Commentary on: Ten myths about work addiction (Griffiths et al., 2018)

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Oren Lior, Reizer Abira, and Weinstein Aviv

(measurement interval = 7 months), workaholism was related to increase in ill health ( Shimazu, Schaufeli, Kubota, & Kawakami, 2012 ). Interestingly, in organizations, workaholism was positively associated with health-related absences ( Falco et al., 2013

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References Abebe , M.A . and Angriawan , A. ( 2014 ). Organizational and competitive influences of exploration and exploitation activities in small firms . Journal of

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society and standards of living. However, scientific knowledge itself has attracted less attention than its outcomes. A better understanding of the organization and evolution of scientific knowledge can accelerate future advances. This study contributes to

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fact there were only two candidates, one who the Patrons [ Pártfogók, i.e., the Institute of Patrons was a governmental organization led by Zsindely] would have wanted and our own candidate who already was a collegian … It was clear that together the

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occupational conditions and organizational features play an important role in developing burnout syndrome. The symptoms of teacher burnout affect not only the individual and close colleagues, but also influence the behavior of students. Studies show

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Society and Economy
Authors: Lilla Hortoványi, Roland Zs. Szabó, and Roland Zs. Szabó

This paper focuses on the role of social ties in the knowledge flow within an organization from an interpersonal network perspective. In our theoretical study we identified four types of learning - Collaborative, Cooperative, Constrained and Competitive learning - based on the social connections between people or groups of people. Since human relationships tend to instable over time we also proposed a network learning cycle model that draws attention to the influence of social structures. We propose that the motivation of actors to share knowledge is dependent on network structure, cognition, and interpersonal relations.

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A cikkben egy bírósági peres eljárás folyamatát elemzem. Korábbi tanulmányaimban kidolgoztam a bíróság mint felelőtlen szervezet fogalmát és elméletét, amelyen azt értem, hogy ha a bíróság mások érdekeit sérti, azok nem tudnak visszahatni (aktív hatalom hiánya), sem védekezni (passzív hatalom hiánya). A bíró kockázat nélkül viselkedik, tevékenysége felett nincs kontroll, immunis a jelzésekre. Egybemosódik, vajon az egyik fél azért kritizálja a per menetét, mert ebből előnyt akar húzni, vagy azért, mert a bíróság visszaél a hatalmával. E két helyzet megkülönböztethetetlen. Az is megkülönböztethetetlen, hogy a bíróság azért tesz vagy nem tesz valamit, mert nem érti a per szakkérdéseit, vagy nyomást érzékel a per gyorsítására, esetleg elfogult vagy korrupt. A tanulmány a szervezeti hatalom oldaláról bemutatja a bíróságok hatalmi eszközeit, lehetőségeit, a hatalommal való visszaélés széles spektrumát, az ítéletekben megtalálható súlyos ellentmondásokat, a felelőtlen szervezetek működési logikájának kaotikusságát. A bemutatott szerződésszegési per 6,5 sorról kellett hogy döntsön. Ez nem sikerült, pedig 12 bíróság 10 éven keresztül 35 tárgyalási napon foglalkozott az üggyel. Zárásként azért megállapította az Ítélőtábla: mindenki kiválóan dolgozott, és nem húzódott el a per, a tényeket pedig alaposan feltárták. Mint kiderült, a szerződés szövege alapján lehetett dönteni. Akkor mit csinált a felelőtlen szervezet? 10 éven keresztül feltárta a per szempontjából érdektelen tényeket. Nem mindegy? A vesztes fizet. A jogerős ítélet mindent legalizált. Kinek az érdekében? Itt jön be a korrupció két típusa: a kínkeserves és a statáriális.

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Abstract  

This paper addresses scientists’ behaviour regarding the patenting of knowledge produced in universities and other public sector research organisations (PSROs). Recent years have witnessed a rapid growth in patenting and licensing activities by PSROs. We argue that the whole process depends to a certain extent on scientists’ willingness to disclose their inventions. Given this assumption, we conduct research into individual behaviour in order to understand scientists’ views concerning the patenting of their research results. Data from a questionnaire survey of Portuguese researchers from nine PSROs in life sciences and biotechnology is presented and analysed and complemented with in-depth interviews. The results reveal that overall the scientists surveyed show a low propensity to become involved in patenting and licensing activities, despite the fact that the majority had no “ethical” objections to the disclosure of their inventions and the commercial exploitation of these. Perceptions about the impacts of these activities on certain fundamental aspects of knowledge production and dissemination are however divergent. This may account for the low participation levels. Furthermore, most scientists perceived the personal benefits deriving from this type of activity to be low. Similarly, the majority also believed that there are many difficulties associated with the patenting process and that they receive limited support from their organisations, which lack the proper competences and structures to assist with patenting and licensing.

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Abstract  

Within the field of the organisation of science, concerns about how academics generate patents tend to focus on a single set of either national or international patents. The main aim of this research is to study both national and international patenting in order to understand their differences. We have approached this issue from both a historical and an economic perspective, using data from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), the largest PRO in Spain. Three periods can be distinguished in the CSIC’s history, according to the political context, namely the dictatorship (1939–1975), the transition to democracy (1976–1986) and democracy (1987-to date). The prevailing legal and institutional framework has marked the way in which patenting by CSIC has evolved in each of these periods. The current situation is one in which there is strong internationalisation of patenting activity, and in this most-recent period we explore trends in some of the economic influences on patenting activity. We conclude that the political and normative context may shape the culture of international patenting at PROs like the CSIC and that increasing technological cooperation has supported this internationalisation. However, very often foreign partners are included in the application in order to extend protection abroad for commercial reasons, so their number may not be a good indicator of inventive activity.

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Abstract  

The aim of this study is to reveal the possible linkage among the 40 primary organizations in Genetic Engineering Research by taking the Patent Coupling approach. The primary organizations were defined by the productivity and identified by the patent count and Bradford Law. The author analyzed the cited patents of the patents granted by United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) from 1991 to 2002 to the 40 primary organizations (assignees) in Genetics Engineering Research to establish the correlation. 780 coupling pairs formed by the 40 primary organizations and Coupling Index and Coupling Strength were calculated for each pair and primary organization. Correlation Analysis and Multiple-Dimension Scaling were applied further based on Coupling Index. Technological clusters were found in the results of the analyses.

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