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-Āryan Indian populations and supported the emergence of Vajrayāna Buddhism. The meanings behind these Vajrayāna deities nonetheless came from Hindu myth and ritual, and it is the tracing of these similarities between the deities of Hindu and Vajrayāna in their

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psychometric assessment instruments that were developed to be applied to any individual practising any type of exercise. This ensures that similarities or differences in the conceptualisations of problematic exercise in the assessment instruments are not due to

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who “walk the walk” and not just “talk the talk”; Henrich 2009 ), and self-similarity (imitating self-similar people), as well as when- biases, such as imitating when uncertain, when prior knowledge is outdated, and when individual learning is costly

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control. Diminished control is a central conceptualization of substance dependence. This phenomenological similarity has given rise to the concept of behavioral addiction ( Grant, Potenza, Weinstein, & Gorelick, 2010 ), i.e., non-substance addictions with

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( Appendix 2 ) and strong similarities to the previously identified factor solution in MES, a three-factor solution was chosen. The excluded factors were either strongly under-determined with no or only one item exceeding factor loading of 0.3, included

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relationship is mediated by absorption and fantasy addiction. The first study on maladaptive daydreaming ( Somer, 2002 ) also highlights similarities between dissociation and maladaptive daydreaming, suggesting that both of them could develop as a coping

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The essential role of theory in minimizing harm from emerging technologies. Lost in committee?. •

Commentary on: Problematic risk-taking involving emerging technologies: A stakeholder framework to minimize harms (Swanton et al., 2019)

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Matthew J. Gullo and John B. Saunders

; Patton, Connor, Sheffield, Wood, & Gullo, 2019 ). Given the similarity in key neurobehavioural processes, existing theory can provide a strong foundation for intervention research and policy development in the absence of specific empirical evidence on any

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Journal of Psychedelic Studies
Authors: Nathan D. Sepeda, John M. Clifton, Laura Y. Doyle, Rafael Lancelotta, Roland R. Griffiths, and Alan K. Davis

neuronal effects ( Carhart-Harris et al., 2012 ; Riga, Soria, Tudela, Artigas, & Celada, 2014 ). Because emerging evidence suggests similarities between the acute effects of 5-MeO-DMT and other classic psychedelic substances, studies have explored

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Eszter Kotyuk, Anna Magi, Andrea Eisinger, Orsolya Király, Andrea Vereczkei, Csaba Barta, Mark D. Griffiths, Anna Székely, Gyöngyi Kökönyei, Judit Farkas, Bernadette Kun, Rajendra D. Badgaiyan, Róbert Urbán, Kenneth Blum, and Zsolt Demetrovics

as Gambling Disorder and Gaming Disorder ( Petry et al., 2014 ). There are also a few theoretical models which emphasize the phenomenological and symptomological similarities of different addictions. The Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorder (OCSD

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“Diagnostic inflation” will not resolve taxonomical problems in the study of addictive online behaviours. •

Commentary on: How to overcome taxonomical problems in the study of Internet use disorders and what to do with “smartphone addiction”? (Montag et al., 2020)

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Vladan Starcevic, Daniel L. King, Paul H. Delfabbro, Adriano Schimmenti, Jesús Castro-Calvo, Alessandro Giardina, and Joël Billieux

, without a need for Internet connection. It is unclear whether such a potentially harmful use of a smartphone would be encompassed by the concept of SmUD. Another similarity between SmUD and IUD is that both terms encompass a wide variety of activities and

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