Authors:Wen-Ta Chiu, Jing-Shan Huang, and Yuh-Shan Ho
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) has become the major of health issues since its outbreak early 2003. No analyses
by bibliometric technique that have examined this topic exist in the literature. The objective of this study is to conduct
a bibliometric analysis of all SARS-related publications in Science Citation Index (SCI) in the early stage. A systematic search was performed using the SCI for publications since SARS outbreak early 2003.
Selected documents included 'severe acute respiratory syndrome' or 'SARS' as a part of its title, abstract, or keyword from
the beginning stage of SARS outbreak, March till July 8, 2003. Analysis parameters included authorship, patterns of international
collaboration, journals, language, document type, research institutional address, times cited, and reprint address. Citation
analysis was mainly based on impact factor as defined by Journal Citation Reports(JCR) issued in 2002 and on the actual citation impact (ACI), which has been used to assess the impact relative to the whole
field and has been defined as the ratio between individual citation per publication value and the total citation per publication
value. Thirty-two percent of total share was published as news features, 25% as editorial materials, 22% as articles, 13%
as letters, and the remaining being biographic items, corrections, meeting abstracts, and reprints. The US dominated the production
by 30% of the total share followed closely by Hong Kong with 24%. Sixty-three percent of publication was published by the
mainstream countries. The SARS publication pattern in the past few months suggests immediate citation, low collaboration rate,
and English and mainstream country domination in production. We observed no associations of research indexes with the number
Summary Homeopathy has been applied to clinical use since it was first presented 200 years ago. The use of the bibilometric analysis technique for examining this topic does not exist in the literature. The objective of this study is to conduct a bibliometric analysis of all homeopathy-related publications in Science Citation Index (SCI). A systematic search was performed using the SCI for publications during the period of 1991 to 2003. Selected documents included ‘Homoeopathy, Homoeopathic, Homeopathy, or Homeopathic’ as a part of the title, abstract, or keywords. Analyzed parameters included authorship, patterns of international collaboration, journal, language, document type, research address, number of times cited, and reprint author’s address. Citation analysis was mainly based on the impact factor as defined by the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and on citations per publications (CPP), which is used to assess the impact relative to the entire field and is defined as the ratio between the average numbers of citations per publications in a certain period. Of total articles, 49% had a single author. The UK, the US, and Germany produced 71% of the total output, while European countries as a whole also contributed 65% of the total share of independent publications. English remains the dominant language, it comprised only 76%, while German contributed 18%, and the remaining where distributed among 8 European languages. More document types and languages, and fewer pages have appeared in homeopathy research. 3.5% of papers were cited more than 10 times in three years after publication, and 60% were never cited. Small-group collaboration was a popular method as co-authorship. The top 3 ranking countries of publication were the UK, the US, and Germany. The US dominated citation followed by the UK, and then Germany. In addition, a simulation model was applied to describe the relationship between the cumulative number of citations and the paper life.
) investigated the status of information science as science through a bibliometricanalysis of JASIS articles from 1950 to 1999. He concluded that “information may no longer be ‘little’ science, but it is also not ‘big’ science.”
Employing a variety of
or bibliometric analyses of particular journals or cross journals, bibliometricanalysis of a particular country or cross region (e.g. Cano 1999 ; De Moya Anegón et al. 1998 ; Kajberg 1996 ; Khoo 2011 ; Uzun 2002 ), content analysis of conference
Although Derwent Biotechnology Abstractshas been used in a variety of bibliometric studies, it has never undergone a systematic examination of its reliability and validity. The objective of this paper is to assess its quality for bibliometric studies attempting to analyse the evolution of biotechnology research, to map leading organizations, and to study the interaction between science and technology. The first part reviews the tools used in bibliometric studies of biotechnology and describes the Derwent Biotechnology Abstracts database. The second part is a case study of plant genetic research, with special emphasis on Canada.
Authors:Çetin Önder, Mehmet Sevkli, Taner Altinok, and Cengiz Tavukçuoǧlu
This paper provides a detailed assessment of recent indexed journal publications by Turkish social scientists. We first present
information on SCI, SSCI and AHCI indexed journal articles that were published by Turkish researchers over the past three
decades. An inspection of publication statistics indicates a considerable improvement, especially during the last five years
of the 1973–2005 period that we examine, in Turkey’s publication record in terms of number of articles authored or co-authored
by Turkish researchers. In the next step, we scrutinize institutional sources of this improvement, emphasizing regulatory
and organizational changes that have both forced researchers to publish in indexed journals and remunerated those who did
so. Finally, we provide a qualitative assessment of recent improvement in publication performance of Turkish researchers by
focusing on a particular behavioral consequence of institutional changes and its implications for impact that research from
Turkey has on global research activity. Bibliometric analysis of articles published by Turkish researchers in SSCI-indexed
journals during 2000–2005 shows that recent regulatory and organizational changes seem to have instituted a particular publication
habit, publishing in journals with lower impact factor, which was earlier observed in other parts of the world where publication
counts were used for performance evaluation, and that signs of improvement in our select indicators of impact are yet to be
Recent years have seen enormously increased interest in the comparative evaluation of research quality in the UK, with considerable
resources devoted to ranking the output of academic institutions relative to one another at the sub-discipline level, and
the disposition of even greater resources dependent on the outcome of this process. The preferred methodology has been that
of traditional peer review, with expert groups of academics tasked to assess the relative worth of all research activity in
‘their’ field. Extension toinstitutional evaluation of a recently refined technique ofjournal ranking (Discipline Contribution Scoring) holds out the possibility of ‘automatic’ evaluation within a time-frame considerably
less than would be required using methods based directly on citation counts within the corpus of academic work under review.
This paper tests the feasibility of the technique in the sub-field of Business and Management Studies Research, producing
rankings which are highly correlated with those generated by the much more complex and expensive direct peer review approach.
More generally, the analysis also gives a rare opportunity directly to compare the equivalence of peer review bibliometric
analysis over a whole sub-field of academic activity in a non-experimental setting.
Authors:Peng Hui Lv, Gui-Fang Wang, Yong Wan, Jia Liu, Qing Liu, and Fei-cheng Ma
) are commonly accepted indicators for quantitative innovation research (Rajagopal 2002 ). Papers from SCI, CPCI as well as patents from DII were studied separately using bibliometricanalysis.
SCI papers analysis
Patent information on 7392 inventors who received 9 or more U.S. Patents during 1975–84 was obtained. Analysis of the frequency distribution of patents per inventor reveals an approximately logarithmic decline from 9 to approximately 45 patents per inventor. The rate of decline decreases significantly for patent output above 45 patents per inventor. Patent citation analysis on 45 randomly selected inventors was performed. This sample included inventors who received from 9 to over 100 patents. The group received 1.79 citations per patent, 56.8% of the patents received at least 1 citation, and 2.7% of the patents received 10 or more citations. No statistically significant differences for these averages was found across the range of inventor patent output. No significant decline of patent quality with increased yearly patent output was observed.