In this study, the accumulation of Sr in various bones of animal skeleton were investigated. Data on the elemental content of Sr in animal skeleton are important for the distribution of radiostrontium. Sr is chemically similar to Ca and therefore the concentrations level of Sr were calculated on a Ca weight basis in the animal skeleton.
Authors:Elizabeth Loza-Rubio and Edith Rojas-Anaya
Lamphear, J. B., Jilka, J. M., Kesl, L., Welter, M., Howard, A. J. and Streatfield, J. S. (2004): A corn-based delivery system for animal vaccines: an oral transmissible gastroenteritis virus vaccine boosts lactogenic immunity in swine. Vaccine
Commission regulation Nr 37/2010 of 22 December 2009 on Pharmacologically active substances and their classification regarding maximum residue limits in foodstuffs of animal origin, Off. J. Eur. Union, L 15/1, 20.01.2010, 2010
Authors:Halil Gokce, Oktay Genc, Atila Akca, Zati Vatansever, Ahmet Unver, and Hidayet Erdogan
de la Fuente, J., Torina, A., Caracappa, S., Tumino, G., Furla, R., Almazan, C. and Kocan, K. M. (2005
): Serologic and molecular characterization of
species infection in farm animals and ticks from Sicily. Vet. Parasitol.
The experience of socialism and its legacies in Eastern Europe created a specific context for artists’ engagement with animals and their approach to the natural world. The blueprint for building the socialist utopia had spared little concern for the environmental consequences of breakneck industrialisation, with rivers rerouted, landscapes devastated and nature viewed purely as a material resource. The welfare and interests of animals were far down the list of priorities in a system which valorised the proletariat and demanded sacrifices for the glorification of the socialist state. The cruel fate of the world’s first space traveller, Laika the dog, who was sent on a one-way mission into orbit in 1957, was symbolic of official attitudes towards animals under socialism, as well as providing a focus for feelings of empathy from human subjects that felt equally oppressed.
It was in the 1960s that live animals first entered artistic practice through happenings and performances, which occurred in parallel with the neo-avant-garde exodus from studios and galleries to enter public space and natural environments and was part of the utopian drive to abolish the distinction between art and life. However, it was only after the changes brought by the countercultural orientation of 1968, with the emergence of the women’s liberation movement, a new concern for human rights and the rise of ecological thinking that neo-avant-garde artists began to conceptually address the position of the animal. Birds turned out to be particularly appropriate living metaphors to convey the suppressed desire for freedom, as well as offering a way to explore the ethical and environmental dimensions of relations between the human and the animal.
This paper explores changing attitudes and approaches to animals in East European art of the neo-avant-garde during the Long Sixties through an examination of key works by István Harasztÿ from Hungary, Slovak artist Peter Bartoš and Petr Štembera from the Czech Republic, while considering the impact of new thinking about the natural environment across the porous ideological borders of the Cold War. Engagements with the animal were most frequently conceived in metaphorical terms as a means to talk about the human condition which, due to the specific social, historical and political circumstances of the Eastern Bloc, was particularly true of artists living under socialism.
The detection of characteristic gamma rays emitted promptly by elements after capture of neutrons is used as a means of radioanalytic analysis. Here it is shown that the method can be used for the measurement of the nitrogen (and therefore protein) content of small animals, those with mass around 3 kg.