Coenological results of six areas of several temperate
grassland associations compared are taken in communities of, Asplenio
septentrionali-Melicetum ciliatae, Cleistogeni-Festucetum sulcatae, Festucetum
vaginatae, Potentillo-Festucetum pseudodalmaticae, Salvio nemorosae-Festucetum
rupicolae, and Seslerietum heuflerianae-hungaricae associations. All of these
stands of the associations are in protected areas, but these sample areas are
close to endangered zones. We tried to refer to their function in ecophysiological
respect of these grasslands.
Authors:Bugeun Kim, Seul Lee, Young Yim Doh, and Gahgene Gweon
? In addressing this research question, we used a mixed-methods approach to increase transferability. In “Methods” section, we introduce two studies: clusteringanalysis and focus group interview . The “Results” section reports on the usage types
Authors:B. Mieslerová, A. Lebeda, R. Kennedy, and R. Novotny
Fourteen isolates of tomato powdery mildew (Oidium neolycopersici) and one isolate of the following species: Podosphaera fusca (= Sphaerotheca fusca), Erysiphe orontii (cucumber powdery mildews), Erysiphe cichoracearum (lettuce powdery mildew) and Erysiphe aquilegiae var. ranunculi (Ranunculus lingua powdery mildew) were used for comparative morphological studies. Basic characteristics of the anamorphs, including outer conidial wall patterns, were compared using light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In main morphological features, O. neolycopersici was strongly differentiated from E. cichoracearum, E. orontii and P. fusca. However, based on morphological features (e.g. germination type; appressorium shape; morphology of conidiophores) O. neolycopersici was close to E. aquilegiae var. ranunculi (both belong to Oidium subgen. Pseudoidium) and it probably could be placed to Erysiphe sect. Erysiphe (= Erysiphe s. str.)
Authors:E. M. Faergestad, M. B. Rye, S. Nhek, K. Hollung, and H. Grove
Chemometrics involves strategies to analyse multivariate data using interdisciplinary approaches aiming to extract relevant information from complex data. Chemometric strategies comprise both the pre-processing of the data, where the choice of methodology is domain-specific, and analysis of the resulting data after preprocessing using multivariate methodology. Although use of multivariate data analysis for gel electrophoresis images has increased substantially in the last decade, its use is still much less frequent than use of univariate approaches. Considering the complexity of the electrophoresis gel images and the multivariate nature of the proteome, applying multivariate data analysis for gel electrophoresis images gives information which is otherwise lost. This paper is written as a review and guideline of chemometric strategies used for analysis of gel electrophoresis images. The multivariate data analyses described are, however, also relevant for other proteome data, for example mass spectrometry, and for functional genomics in general.
Authors:Yanqin Zhu, Ping Du, Shaojun Huang, Qinhong Yin, and Yaling Yang
shells preparations. The chemical fingerprints of Moringa seed shells from various regions were established and investigated by similarity analysis (SA), principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clusteringanalysis (HCA). The combination of
Authors:Andrzej Skoczowski, Magdalena Troć, Anna Baran, and Małgorzata Baranska
program. For each sample five spectra were collected.
Similarities between FT-Raman spectra were studied using Hierarchical ClusterAnalysis (program Opus/Bruker package 5.1). The spectra were not baseline