Gamma irradiation of di- and trivalent cobalt nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) chelates was performed both in the presence and absence of oxygen (air). A radiolytic mechanism is proposed where it has been shown that degradation of the cobalt chelates is due to OH radicals formed during radiolysis.
A selective method has been developed for the determination of traces of cobalt in different matrices by the sensitive technique of thermal neutron activation analysis employing radiochemical separation and substoichiometric extraction of Co/II/ with iso-nitrosobenzoylacetone into chloroform.
The extraction of cobalt/II/ from ammonium thiocyanate solutions by di-n-pentyl sulphoxide /DPSO/, di-n-octyl sulphoxide /DOSO/ and their mixtures in carbon tetrachloride has been studied. The species extracted were found to be Co/SCN/2. 4S /where S=DOSO or DOSO/. Synergic effects have been observed which are ascribed to the formation of mixed ligand metal complexes. The influence of the metal concentration, temperature and the diluent on the extraction of cobalt/II/has been investigated.
Authors:N. Mallikarjuna, A. Lagashetty, and A. Venkataraman
Cobalt ferrite was synthesised by the thermal decomposition of a citrate precursor through a novel self-propagating combustion
reaction (SPCR) and the progress of this reaction is explained. Cobalt ferrite obtained by this reaction is compared with
the products obtained by heat treatment of the citrate complex. The thermal behaviour and structures of the precursor, the
synthesised ferrite, and the other decomposition products are investigated.
By means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) the precipitation process from a supersaturated solid solution of Cu−0.65
at% Co−0.33 at% Si (Cu−1 at% Co2Si) was investigated. On the basis of enthalpimetric calculations it was found that the decomposition
begins with cobalt precipitation. Clustering of atoms of cobalt initiates the precipitation of silicon, and particles of the
stoichiometric Co2Si composition are finally formed. Kinetic parameters were obtained by a convolution method based on the
Mehl–Johnson–Avramiformalism. Their values are all in agreement with the experimentally observed behavior displayed by DSC
traces. Decay kinetics of cobalt and silicon matrix during simulated isothermal calculations using DSC data reveals good agreement
with similar computed results reported in literature. Precipitate dissolution obeys quite well to a three-dimensional diffusion
kinetic law previously developed.
Using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) the precipitation processes of supersaturated solid solutions of three Cu-Co-Si
alloys containing the same atomic cobalt content were investigated. Thermoanalytical and previous studies, reveal that the
decomposition begins with cobalt clustering which initiates the precipitation of the Co2Si stoichiometric particles, which in turn dissolves after further heating. Volume fractions are unequivocally determined
by the amount of cobalt present in these alloys. It is infered that surplus silicon atoms retained in the solution increase
the reaction rate and dispersity of precipitate structure. Kinetic parameters were obtained by a convolution method based
in the Mehl-Johnson-Avrami (MJA) formalism. The lower activation energy associated with cobalt clustering is attributed to
the contribution of quenched-in vacancies. Superimposed to the MJA formalism and adaptative spherical diffusion model was
used for Co2Si precipitation with particle size as a disposable parameter. This model further confirmed that as silicon content increases
particle dispersity becomes more pronounced. Such results are also infered from a three dimensional diffusion dissolution
model previously developed which adjusts quite well to such process in the present cases. Age hardening experiments are in
line with all previous results obtained.
The thermal analysis of CoC2O42H2O, Co(HCOO)22H2O and Co(CH3COO)24H2O was carried out with simultaneous TG-DTG-DTA measurements under non-isothermal conditions in air and argon atmospheres.
The intermediates and the end products of decomposition were characterised by X-ray diffraction and IR and UV-VIS spectroscopy.
The decomposition of the studied compounds occur in several stages. The first stage of dissociation of each compound is dehydration
both in air and argon. The next stages differ in air and argon. The final product of the decomposition of each compound in
air is Co3O4. In argon it is a mixture of Co and CoO for cobalt(II) oxalate and cobalt(II) formate but CoO for cobalt(II) acetate.
Potassium cobalt hexacyanoferrate(II) was synthesized with a composition K1.70Co1.12Fe(CN)6 · 1H2O, a mixture of K2[CoFe(CN)6] (85–88%) and K2[CoFe(CN)6] (12–15%). Ion exchange was found to be stoichiometric, the exchangeable ions being potassium and cobalt in the ratios presented for the corresponding phases. The effective capacity for cesium was 0.35 meq/g, which is only 6% of the theoretical capacity. Cesium is probably only absorbed as a monolayer on the surface of the crystallites.
Ampicillin-cobalt complex has been investigated spectrophotometrically. The effects of pH and molar ratio of ampicillin to cobalt were studied. The stability constants for the complex formed at different pH values were determined. Gamma-radiolysis of ampicillincobalt complex in aqueous solutions was studied at doses from 20 to 100 Gy, using a137Cs source. The variations in UV and IR spectra due to their radiolysis were shown. The results showed an increase in absorbance values with increasing dose and this dependence is linear in the dose range studied. The mechanism of radiation effect on the complex is discussed.
Various silica gel materials were chemically modified with imidazole, diaza-18-crown-6 (DA18C6) and dibenzod-18-crown-6 (DB18C6). The degree of functionalization of the covalently attached molecule was calculated from C, H, N analysis and ranged between 0.270 and 0.552 mmol/g (for sorbents with imidazole) and between 0.043 and 0.062 mmol/g (for sorbents with DA18C6 and DB18C6). The degree of functionalization depends on the reflux time and silica gel matrix used. Experimental sorption capacity ranged between 0.038 and 0.228 mmol/g (for sorbents with imidazole) and between 0.019 and 0.050 mmol/g (for sorbents with DA18C6 and DB18C6). Synthesized hexagonal mesoporous silica matrix MCM-41 with uniform pore diameter <40 Å was used too. Change of pore diameters of silica gel support to larger pores should have a positive influence on access of cobalt ion to sorption centers to increase of sorption capacity of sorbents. The sorption kinetics of cobalt and the influence of cobalt concentration, pH of various kinds of silica gel matrix with immobilized imidazole group in static conditions on sorption were measured. The sorption of cobalt in various conditions (pH, contact time of phases) with constant liquid-solid ratio (V/m = 50 ml/g) was studied. The distribution coefficients ranged between 200 and 50 000 ml/g (for imidazole), 85 and 120 ml/g (for DB18C6) and between 230 and 500 ml/g (for DA18C6) according to silica gel matrix used and according to the method of sorbent preparation. pH plays important role in the sorption of cobalt on prepared sorbents with immobilized crown ethers due to protonization of crown ethers. Protons significantly competes to sorption of cobalt in acidic solutions. The influence of presence of other heavy or toxic metals (Hg(II), Cd(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), Cr(III), Al(III) and the influence of sodium and potassium on sorption Co(II) from aqueous solutions was investigated. Sorption of cobalt decreases in order Hg > Cu > Cd > Zn, Fe > Mn > Al, Cr. The presence of sodium and potassium ions at concentration 0.05 mol/l significantly influences on the sorption of cobalt with sorbent with immobilized DB18C6 functional group.