substance group indicates the need for a short-term therapy and a value above 26 indicates the need for intensivetherapy. We computed the mean across all substance groups to express the severity of substance use.
Authors:GB Piccoli, M Alrukhaimi, Z-H Liu, E Zakharova, A Levin, and World Kidney Day Steering Committee
care, the diagnosis of earlier stages of CKD may lead to more intensivetherapy and surveillance ( 26 , 84 , 89 ).
Dialysis and transplantation
Fertility is reduced in ESRD; Australian and European data