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resistance to Fusarium Head Blight and the role of deoxynivalenol for breeding. Plant Breed. 118: 97–110. Komoroczy R. Nature of wheat resistance to Fusarium Head Blight and the role

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Artificial Inoculation Methods and Deoxynivalenol Levels in Barley Lines Representing Various Candidate Sources of Resistance to Fusarium Head Blight. In: 18 th North American Researchers Workshop and 4 th Canadian Barley Symp., July 18–20, 2005, Red

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, T. S. , Garcia , S. , Hirooka , E. Y. , Ono , Y. S. and Dos Santos , J. S. ( 2011 ): Lactic acid bacteria in the inhibition of Fusarium graminearum and deoxynivalenol detoxification . J. Appl. Microbiology 111 , 739 – 748 . Gilbert

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The current study explores the differential transcriptome and proteome of three wheat genotypes with 75% homology in their response to a series of treatments with trichothecene producing and non-producing Fusarium graminearum and with deoxynivalenol trichothecenes.

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We examined the blastogenic response to phytohaemaglutinin (PHA) in HLA-B8, DR3 positive and negative subjects in the presence or absence of the immunosuppressive Fusarium mycotoxin.  HLA-B8, DR3 haplotype was associated with a depression of the response to mitogen in the absence of the mycotoxin, whereas in the presence of deoxynivalenol we could not detect significant differences among individuals either possessing or lacking this haplotype.

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Fusarium head blight (FHB) of oat in western Canada was determined to be caused by a complex of Fusarium species, the composition and proportions of which varied considerably among years, and between Manitoba and Saskatchewan, the two main oat production regions (provinces) in western Canada. The levels of deoxynivalenol (DON), associated with Fusarium graminearum infection, were considerably higher in oat than in wheat and especially in barley, when levels of DON were compared to those of F. graminearum on seed, suggesting that oat may stimulate production of the mycotoxin by this causal species during the infection process, compared to that in other cereals. Testing of oat cultivars and lines for reaction to FHB indicated that while differences existed, these were relatively small. ‘Naked’ oats, in general, were more resistant. Several of the exotic oat accessions tested appeared to have superior levels of resistance and these are being used as parents in crosses to improve resistance in adapted, high quality oats.

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Bai, G.H., Plattner, R., Desjardins, A. and Kolb, F. (2001) Resistance to fusarium head blight and deoxynivalenol accumulation in wheat. Plant Breeding 120:1–6. Kolb F

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: T. Warzecha, T. Adamski, Z. Kaczmarek, M. Surma, P. Goliński, J. Perkowski, J. Chełkowski, H. Wiśniewska, K. Krystkowiak, and A. Kuczyńska

., Foremska, E., Góral, T., Chełkowski, J. 1999. Fusarium head blight reactions and accumulation of deoxynivalenol (DON) and some of its derivatives in kernels of wheat, triticale and rye. J. Phytopathol. 147 :577

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–106. Lemmens, M., Scholz, U., Berthiller, F., Dall’Asta, C., Koutnik, A., Schuhmacher, R., Adam, G., Buerstmayr, H., Mesterhazy, A., Krska, R., Ruckenbauer, P. 2005. The ability to detoxify the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol co-localises with a major quantitative

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Altpeter, F., Posselt, U.K. 1994. Production of high quantities of 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol and deoxynivalenol. Appl. Microbiol. and Biotech. 41 :384–387. Posselt U

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