This paper shows that there is a subclass of adjectives in Japanese called adjectival nouns, which consists of adjectives mostly of foreign origin, and this subset of the adjectives is required to undergo nominalization by the merger of a null nominalizing suffix. This process of nominalization takes place either prior to the PF interface or at PF, depending on the types of null nominalizing suffixes that merge with adjectival nouns. The proposed multilevel nominalization analysis has desirable consequences for adjectival nouns, and can also be extended to a subclass of verbs in Japanese, which likewise are typically of foreign origin.
Concentrations of cesium isotopes and plutonium in river water samples in Japan, collected during the period from June 1985 to February 1987, have been measured. The total137Cs concentrations in the Japanese river waters ranged from 0.063 to 1.89 mBq·l–1. The portion of particulate137Cs to total was observed to be less than 10 to 35%. The total239,240Pu concentrations ranged from 0.56 to 1.93 Bq·l–1. Particulate239,240Pu occupied 13 to 95% of the total. After the Chernobyl fallout, elevated137Cs concentrations were observed in the Japanese river waters as well as the detection of134Cs, whereas there was no effect on the river plutonium from the Chernobyl fallout. The partition coefficients of137Cs and plutonium between suspended particulate and dissolved phases in the Japanese rivers were determined: from 1.0·104 to 3.2·105 and from 4.1·104 to 2.3·106 for137Cs and plutonium, respectively. The result suggests that these radionuclides, especially plutonium, are tightly associated with soil particles and/or suspended matter.
Radioisotopes have been widely used in Japan. The total number of facilities working with radioisotopes or radiation instruments reached to 5,509 in 1993. The state of supply of radioisotopes and management of radioactive wastes generated from the use of radioisotopes is described.
The purpose of this survey is to review the present situation of the referee systems of 55 English-language scientific journals in Japan, and to evaluate their quality and international readership of those journals. Based on this survey, the author discusses some editorial efforts which may promote the greater use worldwide.
Dr. S. Iimori and Prof. K. Kimura played an important pioneering role in the early period of Japanese history of nuclear and radiochemistry. A review is presented of the life and the work of these pioneers during the first half of the 20th century.
Authors:M. Fukushima, H. Suzuki, K. Saito, and A. Chatt
Vanadium in marine organisms from Onagawa Bay in Miyagi, Japan, was determined by an instrumental neutron activation analysis
(INAA) method using anti-coincidence gamma-ray spectrometry at the Dalhousie University SLOWPOKE-2 Reactor (DUSR) facility
in Canada. Seaweeds, cultivated oysters, plankton, and four different species of sea squirt were collected from Onagawa Bay
during 2005–2008. Vanadium levels around 20 μg g−1 (dry weight) were found in Japanese tangle and hijiki seaweeds. One species of sea squirt (Cionasavignyi) contained 160–500 ppm of V and it was highest among the four species of sea squirts studied. Protein-bound V species were
separated by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and the element determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission
Reading of histories of world art written by Western scholars struck by the cursory treating accorded the art of East-Asia in general and of Japan in particular. It indicates how little is generally known of Asian art in the West and how little its value is appreciated. Particularly the Buddhism Art was totally neglected. The approach of these scholars reflects either a failure of scholarship or sheer Eurocentrism. In terms of expressions form, the basic stylistic progression of Japanese art shows a remarkable correspondence to the pattern of development identified by Western art historians in the past. In the following I would like to survey that development briefly. 1. Archaism; The Art of the Asuka Period (7th Century), 2. Classicism; Hakuho and Tempyo Periods (Late7th and 8th Century), 3. Manierism; Heian period (9th to 11th centuries), 4. Baroque: Late Heian and Kamakura (Mid-12th to mid-14th Cemtury)
In this paper we examine the role of what we call core scientists in innovation in Japanese electronics companies. Core scientists
are those who have the top total scores as measured by the number of their publications and citations received. We find that
even though they may not apply for a large number of patents themselves, the scientific knowledge of the core scientists may
have a positive effect in stimulating patent applications by their collaborators.
Authors:T. Iyogi, S. Ueda, S. Hisamatsu, K. Kondo, H. Haruta, H. Katagiri, M. Kurabayashi, Y. Nakamura, and N. Tsuji
To obtain an average dose from 222Rn to the people in Aomori Prefecture where the first Japan"s nuclear fuel cycling facilities are now under construction, we surveyed 222Rn concentrations in 109 dwellings in the Prefecture from 1992 to 1996. The outdoor 222Rn concentrations were also measured in gardens of 15 dwellings. The 222Rn concentrations were measured with passive 222Rn detectors which used a polycarbonate film for counting a-ray and could separate concentrations of 222Rn from 220Rn. Counting efficiencies of the detectors were calibrated with a standard 222Rn chamber in the Environmental Measurement Laboratory in USA and in the National Radiological Protection Board in UK. Geometric means of 222Rn concentration were 13 and 4.4 Bq.m-3 in the dwellings and outdoor, respectively. These values were consistent to nationwide survey results in Japan. The 222Rn concentrations in the dwellings depended on their age. The concentrations were higher in recent dwellings than in older ones. The radiation dose from 222Rn was estimated, taking into account the occupancy factor for inside and outside of dwellings. The annual dose was 0.32 mSv.y-1, and 99% of the dose came from the exposure to 222Rn inside the dwelling.
This research uses Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to investigate global ionospheric integrated electron content map (GIM) anomalies corresponding to Japan’s Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake on 13 June 2008 (UT) (Mj = 7.2, JMA scale). The PCA transform is applied to GIMs for 20:00 to 22:00 on June 08, 11 and 12, 2008 (UT). To perform the transform, image processing is used to subdivide the GIMs into 100 (36° long. and 18° lat.) smaller maps to form transform matrices of dimensions 2 × 1. The transform allows for principal eigenvalues to be assigned to ionospheric integrated electron content anomalies. Anomalies are represented by large principal eigenvalues (i.e., >0.5 in a normalized set). The possibility of geomagnetic storms and solar flare activity affecting the results is done through examining the Dst index for corresponding days. The study shows that for the Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake, PCA possibly determined earthquake related ionospheric disturbances for the whole region, including the epicenter.