To study the sorption behavior of Co(II) on soil and soil components such as birnessite, humic acid (HA) and their mixture,
a series of experiment were conducted using the batch equilibrium technique on parameters such as equilibrium time, ionic
strength, solution pH, and temperature. The soil samples collected from location near radioactive waste repository in Korea
were used and birnessite was synthesized using a method by McKenzie for experiment. The experimental results indicate that
Co sorption on soil, birnessite and soil with birnessite are strongly affected by the pH of solution. Typical for metal sorption
to soils, the fraction of Co adsorbed increased as a function of pH at the experimental conditions. For sorption isotherm,
the Freundlich equation provides a good fit for sorption on soil and soil with birnessite. Adsorption of HA on birnessite
decreased with increase of pH, with a sharp decrease at pH 5–6. From Co sorption experiment in a ternary system of Co, birnessite,
and HA, the presence of HA enhanced Co adsorption at pH below 6.5 and reduced the Co sorption at the intermediate and high
Authors:Zhengjie Liu, Lei Chen, Yunhui Dong, and Zengchao Zhang
The sorption of Co(II) from aqueous solution on Na-rectorite was investigated under ambient conditions. Experiments were carried
out as a function of contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, fulvic acid and temperature. The results
indicated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH. At low pH the sorption was dominated by outer-sphere surface
complexation or ion exchange, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The Langmuir,
Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms at three different temperatures.
The thermodynamic data (∆G0, ∆S0, ∆H0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms and the results suggested that the sorption process of
Co(II) on Na-rectorite was spontaneous and endothermic. Experimental results indicate that Na-rectorite is a suitable adsorbent
for preconcentration and solidification of Co(II) from large volumes of aqueous solutions.
Authors:Jozef Oravec, Aneta Petriláková, Vladimír Zeleňák, Magdaléna Bálintová, and Adriana Eštoková
Mesoporous silica SBA-15 without and with modification of surface by grafting with aminoalcoxysilanes is prepared is the experiment. The prepared samples are characterized by adsorption/desorption of nitrogen. Results confirms the prepared materials having a specific surface area up to 846m2/g, which are improved for the capture of metals by grafting with the amino group. The sorption of Cu2+ cations as well as SO42− anions from the acidic solution is investigated. The modified mesoporous silica is confirmed to have better sorption capacity than unmodified mesoporous silica.
Bentonite has been studied extensively because of its strong sorption and complexation ability. Herein, GMZ bentonite from
Gaomiaozi county (Inner Mongolia, China) was investigated as the candidate of backfill material for the removal of Th(IV)
ions from aqueous solutions. The results indicate that the sorption of Th(IV) is strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength
at pH < 5, and independent of ionic strength at pH > 5. Outer-sphere surface complexation or ion-exchange are the main mechanism
of Th(IV) sorption on GMZ bentonite at low pH values, whereas the sorption of Th(IV) at pH > 5 is mainly dominated by inner-sphere
surface complexation or surface precipitation. Soil fulvic acid (FA) and humic acid (HA) have a positive influence on the
sorption of Th(IV) on bentonite at pH < 5. The different addition sequences of HA and Th(IV) to GMZ bentonite suspensions
have no obvious effect on Th(IV) sorption to HA-bentonite hybrids. The high sorption capacity of Th(IV) on GMZ bentonite suggests
that the GMZ bentonite can remove Th(IV) ions from large volumes of aqueous solutions in real work.
Transport and sorption of water-soluble 85Sr2+ and 125I− in the columns with beds of crushed crystalline rocks from synthetic groundwater has been studied under dynamic flow conditions.
Samples of crystalline rocks: diorite-I, diorite-II, gabbro, granite and tonalite, having the grain size between 0.25 and
0.80 mm, were used. Plastic syringes of 8.8 cm length and 2.1 cm in diameter were applied as columns. The synthetic groundwater
was pumped downward through the columns with a seepage velocity of about 0.2 cm/min and the given radioactive nuclide was
added into the water stream individually in a form of a short pulse. In case of 85Sr, desorption from diorite-I was also studied using an artificial acid rainfall and then, the longitudinal distribution of
the residual 85Sr activity along the bed was measured. Retardation, distribution and hydrodynamic dispersion coefficients were determined
by the evaluation of respective breakthrough curves. A corrected integral form of a simple advection–dispersion equation was
derived and used for fitting the experimental data. The Kd-parameters resulting from dynamic experiments were also compared with the results of static sorption experiments.
Authors:Catalin Borcia, Karin Popa, Claudiu Pavel, Adina Dascălu, Cristina Viţelaru, and Bogdan Apetrăchioaei
The sorption of the thallous ion from aqueous acidic solution (pH = 1.5) onto as-synthesized and modified ETS-10 titanosilicates
was studied by using an isotope dilution method and a batch-mode technique. The present results show that the thallium(I)
sorption was effective onto all three considered materials and is enhanced by the porosity and acidity modification of the
ETS-10 titanosilicate. The best uptake performance was achieved by the meso-ETS-10. This behavior is explained based on the
newly created additional mesoporous system and enriching the external surface with silanol groups. Also, the presence of phosphorus
enhanced the inherent porosity allowing thus better internal diffusion properties of crystalline material. However, the chemically
modified surface seems to have a negative contribution to the kinetic uptake of thallous ion as shown by the positive value
of the activation energy Ea, in comparison with the processes more favorable energetically for ETS-10 and meso-ETS-10 materials.
Application study for the evaluation of sorption characteristics of sawdust as an economical sorbent material used for decontamination
of radioisotopes cesium and europium from aqueous solution has been carried out in the present work. In this respect, sawdust
(untreated and treated by HNO3) has been prepared from the commercial processing of wood for furniture production. Pore properties of the activated carbon
such as BET surface area, pore volume, pore size distribution, and pore diameter were characterized by N2 adsorption and DFT software. Radiotracer method onto sawdust from aqueous solutions was studied in a batch technique with
respect to pH, contact time, temperature. The kinetics of adsorption of Eu3+ and Cs+ have been discussed using five kinetic models namely, pseudo-first-order model, pseudo-second-order model, Elovich equation,
intraparticle diffusion model, and modified Freundlich equation that have been tested in order to analysis the experimental
data. Kinetic parameters and correlation coefficients were determined. It was shown that the second-order kinetic equation
could describe the sorption kinetics for two metal ions. The metal uptake process was found to be controlled by intraparticle
diffusion. Thermodynamic parameters, such as ΔH, ΔG and ΔS, have been calculated by using the thermodynamic equilibrium coefficient obtained at different temperatures. The obtained
results indicated that endothermic nature of sorption process for both 152+154Eu and 134Cs onto sawdust.
Authors:Liu Xia, Chen Yuantao, Chi Yaling, Guo Zhijun, and Cai Linsen
In this article, a series of batch experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of various environmental factors
such as contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, temperature and coexisting humic acid on the sorption
behavior radionuclide 60Co(II) on illite. The results indicated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH, ionic strength and temperature.
At low pH, the sorption was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and ion exchange on illite surfaces, whereas inner-sphere
surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) models
were used to simulate the sorption isotherms at three different temperatures of 303.15, 323.15 and 343.15 K. The thermodynamic
data (∆G0, ∆S0, ∆H0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms and the results suggested that the sorption process of
Co(II) on illite was an endothermic and spontaneous process. The sorption test revealed that the illite can be as a cost-effective
adsorbent suitable for pre-concentration of Co(II) from large volumes of aqueous solutions.
Authors:Kan Li, Zhengjie Liu, Tao Wen, Lei Chen, and Yunhui Dong
In this paper, the sorption of Co(II) from aqueous solution to Ca-montmorillonite was studied under ambient conditions by
using batch technique. The effects of contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength and temperature on the sorption of Co(II)
to Ca-montmorillonite was also investigated. The results indicated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH
values. The sorption was dependent on ionic strength at low pH values, but independent of ionic strength at high pH values.
Outer-sphere surface complexes were formed on the surface of Ca-montmorillonite at low pH values, whereas inner-sphere surface
complexes were formed at high pH values. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) models were used to simulate
the sorption isotherms of Co(II) at three different temperatures. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH0, ΔS0 and ΔG0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms, and the results indicated that the sorption reaction
of Co(II) to Ca-montmorillonite was an endothermic and spontaneous process. The high sorption capacity of Co(II) on Ca-montmorillonite
suggests that the Ca-montmorillonite is a suitable material for the preconcentration and solidification of radiocobalt from
Authors:Keliang Shi, Fuqiang Liu, Yuanlv Ye, Zhijun Guo, and Wangsuo Wu
Metal ions sorption can be significantly affected by the presence of other sorbates, especially of complexing ligands. In
this study, the effect of Se(IV) on Eu(III) sorption onto TiO2 at different pH and Eu(III) concentration was investigated. Se(IV) was found to enhance Eu(III) sorption as a function of
Se(IV) concentration. Constant capacitance model was successfully used to interpret the sorption experimental data. The solubility
product of Eu2(SeO3)3 at ambient temperature was investigated to highlight the sorption mechanism of ternary sorption system. The pKsp value of Eu2(SeO3)3 was found to be 31.51 ± 0.95.