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Abstract  

The enthalpies of solution of α- and β-cyclodextrins is aqueous peptide solutions were determined experimentally at 298.15 K. The obtained results were used to calculate pair cross interaction parameters between solutes. The results are discussed in terms of the likelysolute–solute interactions. For systems α-cyclodextrin+peptide and β-cyclodextrin+peptide the diametrically opposite character of interaction defined by structure and solvation of the molecules is observed.

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Abstract  

Enthalpies of solution and dilution of aqueous solutions of sodium diclofenac salt were measured by isoperibolic calorimeter at 293.15, 298.15, 303.15, 308.15 and 318.15 K. The concentration of the electrolyte was restricted to solubility salt at various temperatures and did not exceed 0.035–0.057 mol kg−1 values depending on the studied temperature. The virial coefficients were derived from Pitzer’s model and the excess thermodynamic functions of both the solution and the components of the solution were calculated. The analysis of thermodynamic characteristics of the solution from concentration and temperatures was carried out and discussed.

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The concentration dependences of the differential enthalpies of solution were measured along several crystallization paths in the above-mentioned system, and the enthalpies of crystallization of mixed crystals occurring as a stable solid phase in the system were calculated on this basis. The obtained results confirmed the existence of a region of breaking continuity in the equilibrium solid phases.

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Abstract  

The concentration dependencies of the differential enthalpies of solution were measured along several crystallization paths in the KCl−KBr−H2O system. On this basis enthalpies of crystallization of mixed crystals occurring as a stable solid phase in the system were calculated.

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Abstract  

A new complex, diaquadi(1,2,4-triazol-5-one)zinc(II) ion nitrate formulated as {[Zn(TO)2(H2O)2](NO3)2}n (1) (1,2,4-triazole-5-one, abbreviated as: TO) was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray single crystal diffraction, infrared spectrum (IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermogravimetric analysis (TG-DTG). The X-ray structure analysis reveals that the complex is orthorhombic with space group Pbca and unit-cell parameters a=6.9504(2) �; b=10.6473(3) �; c=17.8555(5) �. Based on the result of thermal analysis, the thermal decomposition process of the compound was derived. From measurement of the enthalpy of solution in water in 298.15 K, the standard molar enthalpy of solution of lignand TO and the complex were determined as 15.43�0.18 and 52.64�0.42 kJ mol−1, respectively. In addition, the standard molar enthalpy of formation of TO(aq) was calculated as −126.97�0.72 kJ mol−1.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: V. Arcoleo, M. Goffredi, G. La Manna, V. Liveri, F. Aliotta, and M. Fontanella

Abstract  

The enthalpies of dilution of water/lecithin/cyclohexane microemulsion-gels at variousR values (R=[water]/[lecithin]) and molar enthalpies of solution of water in lecithin/cyclohexane at a fixed lecithin concentration were determined calorimetrically at 25°C. Through a description of the process of dilution of water/lecithin/cyclohexane microemulsion-gels as one involving mainly the scission of lecithin reversed micelles in to smaller ones, the concentration dependence of the enthalpy was rationalized. Surprisingly, in order to account for the dilution enthalpies, it was not necessary to hypothesize a thermal effect arising from the breakage of the micellar network present in the micremulsion-gels. This result indicates that the building-up of the micellar network mainly arises from topological entanglements and steric hindrances among the lecithin reversed micelles. Attribution of the molar enthalpy of solution of water essentially to the thermal effect arising from the intermicellar aggregation process induced by the water addition allowed a rough estimation of the scission energy (the energy necessary to break an Avogadro's number of micelles) and of the micellar aggregation number.

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Abstract  

Sr2CeO4 has been prepared by sol-combustion and co-precipitate routes and the resulting products have been characterized by XRD analysis. The molar enthalpies of solution of Sr2CeO4, Sr(NO3)2(s) and Ce(NO3)36H2O(s) in 0.150 dm3 of (4.41 mol dm3 H2O2+4.23 mol dm-3 of HNO3) solvent as well as the molar enthalpies of solution of Sr2CeO4(s), SrCl2(s) and CeCl3(s) in 0.150 dm3of (1.47 mol dm-3 H2O2+3.05 mol dm-3 of HClO4) solvent have been measured using an isoperibol type calorimeter. From these results and other auxiliary data, the standard molar enthalpy of formation of Sr2CeO4 has been derived to be -2277.33.1 kJ mol-1 at 298.15 K. This is the first reported thermodynamic data on this compound.

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Abstract  

The excess molar enthalpies and volumes have been determined for the binary system (water+octan-1-ol or +octan-2-ol) by means of direct calorimetric and densimetric measurements in the miscibility range. The experimental data were described through a Redlich-Kister type equation. For excess enthalpies a sigmoidal shape is predicted,while excess volumes are negative except for a little positive queue observed for(water+octan-1-ol) system at very low water content. Also the partial molar enthalpies of solution and the partial molar volumes of water in the two isomeric octanols at infinite dilution have been evaluated and discussed. A comparison is made between excess enthalpies and excess free energies calculated by the UNIFAC method.

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Abstract  

Enthalpies of solution of 1,4-dioxane, 12-crown-4 ether (12C4), 15-crown-5 ether (15C5) and 18-crown-6 (18C6) have been analyzed from the point of view of preferential solvation of these cyclic ethers (crown ethers) by a molecule of acetone or dimethylsufoxide in the mixtures of water with acetone or dimethylsulfoxide. It has been observed that the carbonyl carbon atom replacement in acetone molecule by sulfur atom brings about completely different behavior of molecules of these solvents in relation to cyclic ethers dissolved in mixed solvents. Crown ethers are preferentially solvated by acetone (ACN) molecules, which is not observed in the case of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO).

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Abstract  

Heat capacities of aqueous solutions of cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA) salicylate, of CTA m-hydroxybenzoate and of CTA p-hydroxybenzoate were measured using a scanning microcalorimeter. Only the salicylate solution exhibited heat-capacity anomaly around 330 K, depending on the heating rate. The transition enthalpy was 3.5±0.2 kJ mol–1, which was similar to that observed in solution of 1:1 intermolecular compound between CTA bromide (CTAB) and o-iodophenol (OIPh). The enthalpy of formation H f of the 1:1 intermolecular compound from CTAB and OIPh was determined by measuring the enthalpies of solution of the relevant crystals into ethanol. Positive value f H=3.0±0.3 kJ mol–1 was explained from a large difference between the heat capacities of the 1:1 compound and 1:1 mixture of the component crystals.

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