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A nosocomialis infekciók gyakorisága és a kórokozók antibiotikum-rezisztenciája világszerte emelkedést mutat az intenzív osztályokon. A nem fermentáló Gram-negatív baktériumok által okozott véráramfertőzések nagyobb mortalitással hozhatók összefüggésbe. Cél és módszer: A szerzők célja a 2008-ban és 2010-ben sebészeti intenzív osztályon kezelt betegek hemokultúráiból izolált nosocomialis kórokozók antibiotikum-érzékenységi adatainak összehasonlítása volt. Eredmények: A methicillinrezisztens Staphylococcus aureus és a kiterjesztett spektrumú béta-laktamázt termelő Klebsiella ssp. és Escherichia coli érzékenysége nem változott, az Acinetobacter baumannii és a Pseudomonas aeruginosa antibiotikum-rezisztenciája nagymértékben nőtt. Multirezisztens Acinetobacter 2008-ban hemokultúrában nem fordult elő, 2010-ben azonban az összes véráramból izolált Acinetobacter csak colistinre volt érzékeny. A Pseudomonas aeruginosa érzékenysége a vizsgált időszakban a karbapenemekre és a piperacillinre jelentősen csökkent. A multirezisztens Gram-negatív kórokozókkal fertőzött betegek mortalitását nagyobbnak találták az antibiotikum-érzékeny baktériummal fertőzött betegekhez képest. Következtetések: A vizsgálat eredményei hangsúlyozzák a hatékony infekciókontroll, az adekvát dózisban és időben kezdett empirikus antibiotikum-terápia és a megfelelő nővér:beteg arány jelentőségét. Orv. Hetil., 2011, 152, 1486–1491.

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://www.onkol.hu/hu/rakregiszter-statisztika 10 Sant M, Allemani C, Tereanu C, et al. Incidence of hematologic malignancies in Europe by morphologic subtype: results of the HAEMACARE project. Blood 2010; 116: 3724

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Vaduva, B. D., Moldovan, R., Dumitrascu, V., Muntean, D., Baditoiu, L., Licker, M., Craciunescu, M., Dan, L., Branea, D., Hogea, E., Amaricai, E., Horhat, F. G., Grigoras, D., Popa, M., Moldovan, R.: Incidence and sensitivity of germs isolated from

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Abstract  

This article analyses the long term incidence of cancer disease in the vicinity of nuclear power plant at Jaslovské Bohunice. The data on the incidence of cancer were summarized by year and by regional district for men and women separately. The main study region was the district Trnava with the districts Nitra and Levice used as a reference teritory. The actual figures are from 1968 till 1990 with a trend calculated up to the year 2000. Mortality was evaluated from the point of view of the percentage of premature deaths and the potentially lost years of life. This analysis was made for a period from 1980 till 1990 for men and women separately for each municipality in the Tmava district. Neither a higher incidence of cancer nor an accelerated dynamics of cancer formation was found in the vicinity of nuclear power plant. Mortality is therefore uniform within the whole Trnava district and no exceptional situation was found within the regional continuity.

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A hazai sclerosis multiplex betegpopuláció életkori és nemi megoszlása 2004 és 2016 között

Age and gender characteristics of patients affected with multiple sclerosis in Hungary between 2004 and 2016

Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Anna Iljicsov, Dániel Bereczki, Balázs Dobi, Ferenc Oberfrank, Mónika Bálint, András Ajtay, Dániel Milanovich, and Magdolna Simó

data. Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin. 2019; 5: 2055217319896090. 16 Kingwell E, Zhu F, Marrie RA, et al. High incidence and increasing prevalence of

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Summary  

It has been observed that among the seven municipalities of the Island of Krk the three in the central part of the island have increased disease incidence rates for the five groups of diseases: (a) neoplasm, (b) diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism, (c) endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases, (d) mental and behavioral disorders and (e) diseases of the circulatory system. One of the etiological factors is assumed to be the influence of the geochemical environment. The average element concentration values of six trace elements (Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn and As) for the geochemical environment in the individual municipalities were determined by XRF analyses of soil, plant, potable water and hair samples. The data on disease incidence rates for the individual municipalities, from 1997 to 2001, have been obtained from the Public Health Institution in charge of monitoring population health on the island. Diseases' groups have been defined by the WHO methodology. The GPS-GIS methodology was used to obtain maps of trace elements in different matrices and disease incidence distributions. Data analyses were performed by multivariate statistical methods (principal component analysis and cluster analysis). It has been shown that the concentration levels of the elements could be related to disease incidence rates.

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indicating previous damage of brain tissue (dystrophic calcification and iron deposits) were detected in one of the cases presenting congenital malformations. Corresponding lesions were absent in the fetuses infected with SBV. The low incidence of dystrophic

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Edit Nádasi, P. Gyűrűs, Márta Czakó, Judit Bene, Sz. Kosztolányi, Sz. Fazekas, P. Dömösi, and B. Melegh

Hungarians are unique among the other European populations because according to history, the ancient Magyars had come from the eastern side of the Ural Mountains and settled down in the Carpathian basin in the 9th century AD. Since variations in the human mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) are routinely used to infer the histories of different populations, we examined the distribution of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) sites of the mtDNA in apparently healthy, unrelated Hungarian subjects in order to collect data on the genetic origin of the Hungarian population. Among the 55 samples analyzed, the large majority belonged to haplogroups common in other European populations, however, three samples fulfilled the requirements of haplogroup M. Since haplogroup M is classified as a haplogroup characteristic mainly for Asian populations, the presence of haplogroup M found in approximately 5% of the total suggests that an Asian matrilineal ancestry, even if in a small incidence, can be detected among modern Hungarians.

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References Barnett , W. – Block , W. E. ( 2011 ): On Rothbard on the Shifting and Incidence of a General Sales Tax: A Critique . Journal of Private Enterprise 26 ( 2

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24 27 Tadesse T. et al.: 2001. Relative humidity around the fruit influences the mineral composition and incidence of blossom-end rot in sweet pepper fruit — The Journal of

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