The study tested the proposition that relationship length influences female perceptions about the co-occurrence of traits in prospective mates. It was hypothesized that females when choosing short-term mates would infer that beautiful males possess positive personality traits and, alternatively, females when choosing long-term mates would infer dominant males possess other positive personality traits. To test the hypothesis, female university students viewed a target male that was available for either a long- or a short-term relationship. The target male's physical attractiveness and dominance was systematically manipulated. As predicted, females inferred physically attractive males were more intelligent and kind when evaluating potential short-term mates. When evaluating potential long-term mates the females inferred socially dominant males were more intelligent and kind.
Authors:Petra Gyuris, László Bernáth, and Tamás Bereczkei
Several former studies have suggested that mates resemble each other in various personality traits. In the recent study Big Five Inventory was used to examine similarities and differences on fundamental dimensions of personality in heterosexual people. Additionally, we predict that homogamy also occurs in homosexual people, which was based on the recent evidence that gay men's mate preferences are hardly distinguishable from those of heterosexual men. However, our hypotheses were not supported by our data. No significant correlations have been found between mates in personality traits in neither heterosexuals, nor homosexuals. At the same time, an interesting result - more exactly, a lack of a significant relationship - was found: compared to heterosexuals, homosexuals, on average, did not show difference in any of the five subscales of Big Five Inventory. The measured similarities in personality traits correspond with some recent studies that concluded that homosexuals have the same set of psychological mechanisms, including sexual mental processes that heterosexuals do, except for sexual orientation. This argument is strongly supported by the modularity conception that states that domain-specific cognitive algorithms are responsible for guiding particular behavioral traits.
The facial photographs of 84 heterosexual women were rated for attractiveness by 74 males and 74 females who also made judgements regarding the personality and behaviour of these women. Both sexes judged physically attractive women as possessing more desirable personality traits and also as being more promiscuous than less attractive women. These findings extend the beauty-is-good stereotype, also attributing a more unrestricted sexual strategy to attractive women. This is consistent with research identifying the actual strategies of attractive women. It is argued that both sexes would benefit — in terms of mate choice and identification of rivals — from identifying attractive women as likely to be more promiscuous.
Authors:Bernadette Kun, Zsofia K. Takacs, Mara J. Richman, Mark D. Griffiths, and Zsolt Demetrovics
that personality plays an important role in work addiction. Based on these models, many studies have assessed the relationship between the risk of work addiction and different types of personalitytraits. The aim of such approaches is to explore the
Authors:Glenn Geher, Scott Barry Kaufman, Justin R. Garcia, James C. Kaufman, and Blair Bryant Dawson
. , Warner , R. M. , & Brown , A. ( 2001 ). Predictive validity of the Emotional Accuracy Research Scale . Intelligence , 29 , 373 – 388 .
Goldberg , L. R. ( 1993 ). The structure of phenotypic personalitytraits . American Psychologist , 48
indicated that childhood trauma was associated with other problematic internet use such as cyberbullying, while childhood trauma was directly and indirectly associated with cyberbullying via Cluster B personalitytraits (i.e. antisocial, narcissistic
Authors:Roser Granero, Susana Valero-Solis, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Laura Moragas, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Amparo del Pino-Gutierrez, Ester Codina, Virginia Martín-Romera, Gemma Casalé, Zaida Agüera, Isabel Baenas-Soto, Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Isabel Sánchez, María Lozano-Madrid, José M. Menchón, and Susana Jiménez Murcia
personalitytraits, as well as dysfunction of cognitive domains regulating impulsive behavior ( Ioannidis, Hook, Wickham, Grant, & Chamberlain, 2019 ). The GD patients usually perceive multiple adverse consequences related to the gambling activity in several
Authors:Shunsen Huang, Xiaoxiong Lai, Ye Xue, Cai Zhang, and Yun Wang
various variables, different personalitytraits ( Marcus, Preszler, & Zeigler-Hill, 2018 ), or multiple symptoms in clinical psychology ( Borsboom & Cramer, 2013 ). In the network, nodes usually represent the observed variables of potential factors or
Authors:Mareike Augsburger, Andreas Wenger, Severin Haug, Sophia Achab, Yasser Khazaal, Joël Billieux, and Michael P. Schaub
other measures of buying-shopping disorder. Moreover, it is associated with personalitytraits and other psychosocial factors known to be associated with buying-shopping disorder ( Andreassen et al., 2015 ). Regarding reliability, Cronbach alpha was in a