Influence of treatment with hot water, chemical scarification and storage time on germination of Virginia fanpetals, Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby seeds
Buletyn Instytutu Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin
Authors:Adebayo Surajudeen Adekunle, Adekunle Akanni Adeleke, Peter Pelumi Ikubanni, Peter Olorunleke Omoniyi, Tajudeen Adelani Gbadamosi, and Jamiu Kolawole Odusote
solution heat treatment, the aluminum alloy is heated to a temperature range between 400 and 540 °C in order to re-dissolve the soluble alloying elements in solution to produce a single phase solution, that is, a solute-rich solid solution after holding at
Authors:Amahjour Narjisse and Khamlichi Abdellatif
. Fundamentals settings associated with the FEM are first to be fixed by examining the model convergence in terms of the grid independence test, near wall treatment and the location of the border of the discretized finite domain of calculation. This paper
The structure of public water supply in Germany and the water resources used are briefly described. An overview over the legal requirements for drinking water is given, and the sources for contaminants are outlined. Then the multiple-barrier approach is discussed with respect to the resources groundwater and spring water, lake and reservoir water, and river water. Examples for treatment schemes are given and the principle of subsurface transport of river water as a first treatment step is described.
Authors:Mona M. Fawzy, Mohamed S. Kamar, and Gehad M. Saleh
). The measurement conditions were an accelerating voltage of 30 kV with a beam diameter of 1 μm for a counting time of 60–120 s and a minimum detectable weight concentration ranging from 0.1 to 1 wt%. Physical separation treatment for Abu Rusheid
Clostridium perfringens is a widely distributed foodborne pathogen. Its ability to survive cold encounters could contribute to its persistence in foods and the potential to cause disease. In this work five cold-shock proteins (101, 82, 70, 45 and 10 kDa) were induced by cold-shocking C. perfringens FD-1041 from 43 °C to 28 °C, as revealed by labeling with L-[35S]methionine and cysteine followed by gel electrophoresis. Cold shock also increased the cold tolerance of the cells at least fifteen fold. The acquired tolerance was maintained for 2 h after the cold treatment. This ability of C. perfringens could improve the survival in foods and present a significant hazard.
Authors:E. Kovács, P. Tóth, Cs. Juhász, and J. TamáS
There are numerous biological agents including bacteria such as Brucella suis, B. abortus, Francisella tularensis, Burkholderia mallei, Coxiella burnetii, Yersina pestis, Bacillus anthracis and Chlamydia psittaci, viruses such as Variola major and V. minor, Flavivirus and Hantavirus, and toxins such as Botulinum toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, Staphylococcus enterotoxin B and Trichothecene mycotoxin reported to have potential to cause illness via water consumption. In the recent years, biological threat prevention for urban water supply systems has been of special interest worldwide, thus, protection against biological agents requires adequate knowledge, available water treatment technologies and preparedness. In this review, the history of biological threat via public water supply, as well as selected early detection methods, prevention strategies and risk assessment models are detailed.
The paper presents results of the HPLC determination of sulphachloropyrazine residues (active component of the drug „Esb3 30%”) in muscle tissue and liver of broiler chickens inoculated with laboratory-grown coccidium in the course and after treatment with this sulphonamide.Extraction of sulphachloropyrazine from samples of broiler muscle tissue and liver was carried out with a mixture of solvents dichloromethane-methanol-acetic acid (90:5:5, v/v/v), followed by extract purification by chromatographic separation on a XAD-2 column and elution of sulphachloropyrazine residues with dichloromethane. The HPLC determination of sulphachloropyrazine residues was accomplished on a Bio Sil C-8 HL 5 ?m column with a mobile phase consisting of 60% aqueous solution of acetonitrile and NH3 (pH=9.5), using a UV detector at 254 nm.The method developed allows quantitative determination of the residues of the anticoccidial agent in broiler tissue samples with a detection limit of 0.02 ?g g–1. Recovery of the method for this type of samples with a complex matrix was satisfactory, the results ranging from 79.2(0.6 to 86.7(0.2% for muscle tissue and from 81.7(0.8 to 87.3(0.7% for liver.