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Abstract  

Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) has been employed in the investigation of mass balance for mercury species analysis in the analytical process. A new human hair reference material (IAEA-085) was analyzed for methylmercury using a solid/liquid extraction procedure, with samples of extracts, residues, and untreated samples being analyzed by INAA. The certified reference material NIES CRM No. 13, human hair, was analyzed in parallel. From the results obtained through the mass balance studies, it was found that the extraction procedure was quantitatively complete, and that there was no difference between the mass balance of Hg and the total Hg in the untreated materials.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: O. Rizo, E. Herrera Peraza, M. Manso Guevara, I. Pellón, M. López Reyes, M. Cabrera, and M. Montero Cabrera

Abstract  

The main results obtained during the characterization of the Triga Mark III reactor at NNRI, Salazar, Mexico, the development of the nonconventional multimonitor HAV-1, the use of Certified Reference Material (CRM) as multimonitor fork 0-factors experimental determination, and to study the reactor power and slowing-down thickness dependencies of the reactor flux parameters and its influence ink 0-INAA are presented. The experience of thek 0-INAA group at ISCTN, in the application of this analytical technique for different purposes is resumed.

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Summary  

The k 0-method in INAA has been used at CENA/USP Brazil for analyzing geological and biological materials. With the acquisition of a well-type detector, it was realized that the true-coincidence effects, originally corrected by semi-empirical procedures with the in-house k 0-software (Quantu-INAA), would affect the accuracy of results. Thus, new coincidence correction algorithms were developed, based on a theoretical equation for obtaining the correction factors. Validation of the algorithms was performed by analysis of plant certified reference materials.

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Summary  

The thermal neutron prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA) facility, operated by the US Food and Drug Administration and National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research, has been redesigned to lower background radiation levels and improved analytical capabilities. Analysis of 22 element standards and food and botanical certified reference materials revealed significant sensitivity increases and lower limits of detection for H, B, C, N, Na, Al, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Fe, and Cd. Mass fractions for these elements, as well as Mg, Al, Si, Ti, Mn, Fe, Cu, I, Zn, Sm, and Gd, were determined for 6 dietary supplements.

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Abstract  

A relatively simple and rapid radioanalytical method, limited to milk, is adapted for investigating soil, biological and water samples for90Sr. The method is based on a selective separation and successive counting of equilibrium quantities of its daughter 90Y, which can be extracted by tributyl phosphate from nitrate medium and stripped by conc. ammonia solution. 90Y is separated from possible iron and measured by Cerenkov counting. The procedure is thoroughly tested with certified reference materials and used lately for determining90Sr in some environmental samples in the Riyadh region. The results obtained are given and discussed.

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Abstract  

Recycled steel products demands a new technique for determining tramp elements in steel. In this paper, As and Sb in iron certified reference materials were determined by neutron activation analysis with the multiple gamma-ray detection method. The determined values are in good agreement with certified and reference values. The lower determination limits (LDL) for As and Sb in high purity iron are 0.012 and 0.0025 ppm, respectively. As the demanded LDL for As and Sb is 0.1 ppm, the method described in this work is suitable for determining As and Sb in recycled steel.

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Abstract  

The effectiveness of a Compton suppression system (CSS) for instrumental neutron activation analysis of plant materials was evaluated. Suppression factors were measured with 137Cs sources. Five certified reference materials were analyzed and the detection limits calculated from both suppressed and unsuppressed spectra were compared. The CSS demonstrated to be useful for lowering the detection limits of ten out of sixteen elements tested, showing a maximum improvement factor of 3.9. The system performance was strongly influenced by the sample composition and also by the measurement conditions, indicating the importance of testing each individual sample type and analytical protocol.

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Abstract  

A new method is presented for the determination of Au and Pt in biological materials based on neutron activation analysis with radiochemical separation of gold. Separation of gold by electrolytic deposition on a niobium cathode ascertains the highest radiochemical purity without any interference from calcium or other major elements. With199Au as indicator for platinum the gold content of the sample not only strongly affects the limit of detection, but also causes interference by double neutron capture. Replicate analyses of BCR Certified Reference Materials No. 184, 185 and 186 were carried out.

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Abstract  

Mn-nodule is one of the most important deep sea mineral resources to be explored and exploited in the next century. Analytical quality control based on this kind of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) is therefore necessay. In the present work, nearly 30 elements in two Chinese Mn nodule Reference Materials (RMs), GSPN-2 and GSPN-3, were determined using extendedK 0-relative comparison NAA technique, developed in our laboratory. The unique features of this work include; (1) high accuracy obtained by the interal validation function of our technique; (2) extensive determinable elements obtained by the hybrid nature of our software and (3) neutron flux self-shielding corrections.

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Abstract  

A fast pneumatic transfer facility was installed in Nuclear Engineering Teaching Laboratory (NETL) of the University of Texas at Austin for the purpose of cyclic thermal and epithermal neutron activation analysis. In this study efforts were focused on the evaluation of cyclic epithermal neutron activation analysis (CENAA). Various NIST and CANMET certified materials were analyzed by the system. Experiment results showed 110Ag with its 25 s half-life as one of the isotopes favored by the system. Thus, the system was put into practical application in identifying silver in metallic ores. Comparison of sliver concentrations as determined by CENAA in CANMET certified reference materials gave very good results.

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