What principle dominates the university teachers’ transferring and promotion? Cummings 1971 critically examined the idea that the boss system worked in the Japanese universities, and that the system gave the
The lion dance is one of the most popular momentum of kagura ceremonies and folk feasts, the matsuris. It also appears in the ancient tradition of the nô theatre. The cult of the lion spread in China and it must have reached Korea and Japan by the transmission of Buddhist mythology. It was not only religion that had an intermediary role, but the practice of court music. The characteristics and musical structure of the folk or kagura variety of the lion dance are presented and analyzed.
Radiocesium concentrations in cow's milk from two producing districts in Japan were measured monthly for three years following the Chernobyl accident. The Chernobyl contribution in137Cs concentration was evaluated from the134Cs concentration and the137Cs/134Cs ratio. The highest137Cs concentration of 0.6 Bq l–1 was observed in May 1986 and the Chernobyl contribution has decreased during three years to levels corresponding to the contribution from past nuclear weapons fallout. Annual values of child internal dose through milk consumption were estimated at 0.6, 0.3 and 0.1 Sv for the first, the second and the third year following the accident, respectively.
A total of 19 elements in the samples of atmospheric deposition collected in Kawasaki, Japan, were determined by neutron activation
analysis, ICPAES and flame photometry. The amounts of soil dust depositions were larger in springs and those of Sb and Zn
depositions were larger in summers than in the other seasons. The values of the enrichment factors were higher for Sb and
Zn than for the other elements determined throughout the sampling period. A factor analysis showed that the two elements were
characterized as industrial components. Rubber products like tires that contain noncombustibles and rubber accelerators were
a possible origin of high concentrations of Sb and Zn in the present samples.
Authors:E. Furuta, H. Nakahara, Y. Hatsukawa, H. Matsue, and H. Sakane
In Japan, cosmetics claiming hormesis effect are available through Internet. Although these cosmetics show the contents, they
never mention the minor elements and radioactive sources. The existence of radioisotopes, however, was observed by measurements
of the gamma-rays with a HPGe detector. In this study, in order to clarify the contents of trace elements, the hormesis cosmetics
including radioactive sources were analyzed using INAA, PGAA and NAA with multiple gamma-ray detection (NAAMG). Nineteen elements
were analyzed quantitatively in hormesis cosmetics by INAA, PGAA and NAAMG and 16 elements were detected qualitatively by
Authors:S. Hisamatsu, T. Ohmura, Y. Takizawa, T. Katsumata, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, K. Ueno, and M. Sakanoue
Tritium concentrations are reported for diet and human tissue samples collected in the Akita district of northern Japan. Sixteen separate food group samples and a total diet sample were collected for Akita City during April and May 1987. Six samples of heart and nine samples of kidney tissue were collected from 10 decreased individuals in Akita Prefecture from January to July 1986. Five serum and four blood samples were also obtained in Akita Prefecture from December 1985 to June 1986. Free water3H concentration as well as tissue-bound3H were determined separately. Specific activity ratios of tissue-bound3H to free water3H in the samples were almost between 1.0 and 2.0 and were similar to our previous results for food samples and other tissue samples. The specific activity ratio was also found to be lower than that reported in the U.S.A. and significantly lower than in Europe.
To justify public investment in R&D activities especially those conducted by private companies, the effect to change their
behavior into what could not be realized without public funds is required. This paper studies the "additionality" of Japanese
R&D programmes by analyzing the patent applications of five case study projects. Changes and continuations in research themes
between the results of the project and the results in five years before and after the project were measured using a similarity
index. Also, the similarities between research groups in a project were measured. These show how each project was constituted
by researchers with various types of knowledge. As a result, although all projects contained core research groups who continued
their research in the project, the effect of mobilizing other researchers into new fields was shown to vary depending on the
characteristics of the projects.
Authors:Gabriella Ágota, L. Bárdos, and A. Pusztai
Asem, E., Marrone, B. L. and Hertelendy, F. (1985): Steroidogenesis in ovarian cells of the Japanese quail ( Coturnix coturnix japonica ). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 60 , 353-360.
Steroidogenesis in ovarian cells of the Japanese
Authors:Y. Kobayashi, S. Tokonami, Y. Narazaki, W. Zhuo, and M. Furukawa
Radon measurements were carried out in a Japanese wooden house built on granitic geology, where radon-rich well water is used.
Atmospheric radon concentrations were measured over one year with passive integrated radon monitors. The monitors were distributed
at several locations in the house and were replaced every two months. In order to confirm the diurnal variation and heterogeneous
distribution of radon, short-term measurements were carried out accordingly. Radon, its decay products and terrestrial gamma-radiations
were measured in this survey. From the long-term measurement, the radon concentration in the house ranged from 14 to 184 Bq. m-3with an arithmetic mean of 45 Bq. m-3. A radon concentration of 184 Bq. m-3was observed in the bathroom in spring (March-May) though the radon level was normal in the living room and bedroom. In order
to characterize the house, similar measurements were conducted in several surrounding houses. There was a significant difference
in radon concentration between the investigated houses. There was a spatial distribution of the radon concentration and the
highest value was found in the bathroom. Radon and its decay products concentrations varied with time, which increased from
midnight to morning whereas they decreased during daytime. Although the radon concentration in tap water was 1 Bq. l-1, a high level of 353 Bq. l-1was found in the well water.While well water was being used, the indoor radon concentration near the bathroom increased rapidly
with a maximum value of 964 Bq. m-3. It is clear that the use of well water enhanced the radon level around the bathroom.