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captive in the tumultuous period of civil wars and barbaric attacks, some migrated to the safer regions such as Italy or Istria. The rest of the population moved to naturally better defended positions on hilltops in remoter areas. 10 Even after many years

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the civil wars hindered the growth and development of the Chinese HE system. From 1949 onwards, it switched to the Soviet model which, for the next 16 years, generated rapid economic growth starting from a very low level of development. The Cultural

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plunged into a bloody civil war. The Republic of Congo also recorded the highest GNI per growth rate in a single year (28.44%) in 2015. In terms of ODA, Thailand recorded the lowest ODA of –938.59 million USD in 2003. This means that in 2003, Thailand was

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors: Ivan Vujačić, Jelica Petrović-Vujačić, Svetozar Tanasković, and Marko Miljković

presented in Figure 1 . It is apparent that there was a continuous divergence and a general period of stagnation in the 1980s that added to the political tensions that led to the breakup of the country. GDP per capita fell as a result of the civil war and

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demonstrated that the wealth of US politicians during the American Civil War (1861–1865) grew at an unusually high rate, the most probable explanation of that phenomenon being the weakening of institutional constraints and freedom of press during the war

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of central planning and government intervention. Like in the case of the Chinese reforms in the 1980s and 1990s, NEP also contributed to rapid economic recovery, after damages of the WWI, the civil war of 1918–1920, and the Bolshevik war communism

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7 of the Lebanese law of 11 January 1958 on ‘Increasing the penalties for sedition, civil war and interfaith struggle. 50 It is beyond the scope of this article to analyse the case law of the STL in detail. However, it is indispensable to

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Scientometrics
Authors: Md. Dulal Hossain, Junghoon Moon, Hyoung Goo Kang, Sung Chul Lee, and Young Chan Choe

NSTP in 2009 and finalized the NSTP 2011 focusing on R&D programs. Bangladesh became an independent country in 16 December, 1971, following a 9-month civil war which began after the

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countries due to the Syrian Civil War, the conflict of Russia and Ukraine Brexit, etc. ( Ministry of Development of the Republic of Turkey 2016; Gil et al. 2017; Wong et al. 2017; Saeed 2018 ). These unfavorable events have led to creating global risks and

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complicated in the early 1990s by the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia and the ensuing civil wars that soon erupted in the Balkans, the fighting only ended by the Dayton Peace Accords of 1995. Even today, though the Balkans are calm and peaceful, it

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