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and consists of a closed population of banks in the observed 20 countries over the 1995–2014 period (however, the observations from 1995 are used only to compute the difference in the value of loans over the 1995–1996 period). The fact that the dataset

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–2016; EU15 = 100) Next, drawing on the PWT 9.0 17 , we show the relationship between the price level of GDP and per capita real GDP for a large sample of countries with population size above 1 million, and contrast the results with those for the EU25 ( Fig

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-year population series. The TFP variable is calculated in relation to the annual growth rates, and it considers the quality and quantity differences of physical and human capital accumulation in detail. As the TFP variable is derived in relation to annual growth

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors: Zsolt Tibor Kosztyán, Vivien Valéria Csányi, and András Telcs

only the first, but the second, third etc. applications. We put emphasis on the students' sensitivity to the distance and econo-geographic factors, which, of course, depend on the population structure, the size and the cultural history of a given

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stagnation in the level of the personal consumption expenditures of the population, i.e., real incomes, whose level responded to the growth in the unemployment rate during 2010–2012 and a minimum growth in GDP in the given period. The stabilisation of this

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-term contracts as the main workforce adjustment device in response to output fluctuations. In turn, stabilization of elasticities coincided with a period of labour market tightness, when employers had difficulties in finding workers due to decreasing population

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were largely fuelled by a huge and rapidly growing population ( Nofri 2015 ). For example, the traditional command system on admission and placement was abandoned so as to give schools some flexibility in enrolment. Traditionally free HE was transformed

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be noted, however, that China's digital ambition goes beyond economic ambitions: effective governance, the control of companies and the population are also important aspects, for which the Chinese leadership has the right tools at its disposal. Here I

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the decimal logarithm of the dependent, as well as control variables. We rely on the following regional level controls. First, urbanisation economies are controlled for by population density ( POPDENS ), as it is commonly used in economic geography. We

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between two Pearson correlation coefficients coming from two independent populations, the t-test based on the Fisher transformation is used. The null states that these correlation coefficients are equal. The t-statistic is given by the formula: (10) t = z

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