The notion of sound (Klang) has been discussed intensely during the last 200 years. Similarly, in the writings of György Ligeti, timbre (Klangfarbe) is one of the crucial terms. The aim of this text is to reconsider the role of timbre and the relationship between timbre, space, and time in Ligeti’s music. With an analysis of Atmosphères and the first movement of the Piano Concerto, the discussion also includes two further important notions: process and threshold.
binocular rivalry. Perception & psychophysics , 48 (6), 593–602.
Borsellino, A., De Marco, A., Allazetta, A., Rinesi, S., Bartolini, B. (1972): Reversal time distribution in the perception of visual ambiguous stimuli. Kybernetik
Authors:Antonio Fernández-Cano, Manuel Torralbo, and Mónica Vallejo
countries using constant returns to scale (CRS). Tseng et al. ( 2009 ) used several trend indexes for time series with a view to detecting hot topics of research. Szydlowski and Krawiec ( 2009 ) analysed a series of 2,000 papers on symbolic logic published
Authors:George Kovács, Nafissa Yusupova, Olga Smetanina, and Ekaterina Rassadnikova
and algorithms for the vehicle routing problem with time windows and other conditions , (in Russian) 13th International Scientific-Technical Conference on Actual Problems of Electronic Instrument Engineering , Novosibirsk , Russia , Vol. 1, part 2
Kovács, E., Sass, P. & Kristóf, Z. (1999b): Comparison of the tissue structure of apple as a function of harvesting time. Scanning , 21 , 126-127.
Comparison of the tissue structure of apple as a function of harvesting time
Hungarian has a number of apparently synonymous time adverbs that can measure the duration of time intervals. The paper explores these adverbs in some detail, and argues that contrary to appearances, none ofthem are freely interchangeable. The starting point is a discussion of the property of homogeneity that time adverbs are sensitive to. The paper argues for a specific treatment of homogeneity and a preliminary adverb definition based on that treatment. It is proposed that some, but not all, Hungarian time adverbs share the default definition. The diverging adverbs may (a) contain a covert frequency predicate or (b) not measure the duration of the time interval directly, but by determining an endpoint of the interval. Hungarian time adverbs also differ in the range of time intervals they can measure; some, but not all adverbs can measure all available time intervals including the event, iterative, habitual and reference time. This variability in time adverb modification is arbitrary and needs to be explicitly determined for each adverb. Apart from discerning the interpretation of Hungarian time adverbs, the conclusions have a more general impact. On the one hand, apparently homogeneous adverbs can have disparate definitions. On the other, it is necessary to permit explicit, arbitrary constraints on adverbial modification. It is also argued that time adverbs can impose non-local restrictions on the eventuality modified, strengthening the need for a powerful theory of adverbial modification.