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The emergence time and emergence percentage of four inbred lines with different degrees of chilling tolerance (Mo 17, HMv 5316, HMv 5301, HMv 5478) and the dry mass of young shoots were examined in a seed dressing experiment carried out in pots and sown early under field conditions, on soil infected with pathogens or free of infection (control). The advantage of seed dressing was manifested for all the traits examined, with the exception of emergence time, and the dressing agents were found to exhibit a certain degree of variety specificity. The time to emergence was determined chiefly by the genotype of the inbred lines. Differences were observed when the inbred lines were ranked on the basis of the emergence time and the emergence percentage. This was in agreement with the fact that no correlation was observed between the emergence percentage and the emergence time. Genotype HMv 5316 proved to be best on the basis of emergence time and HMv 5301 for emergence percentage. The poorest results for all the traits examined were recorded for Mo 17, which is in agreement with the poor chilling tolerance of this inbred line. In summary, the following conclusions can be drawn: if the chilling tolerance and growth vigour of the genotypes are to be satisfactorily described, traits characteristic of initial plant development (dry mass of the shoots, size of the leaf area, etc.) should also be considered in addition to the emergence time and emergence percentage.

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Holmes, F. A., Walters, R. S., Theriault, R. L., Forman, A. D., Newton, L. K., Raber, M. N., Buzdar, A. U., Frye, D. K., Hortobagyi, G. N. (1991) Phase II trial of taxol, an active drug in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. J. Nat. Cancer Inst

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. Shi , Q. , Bao , Z. , Zhu , Z. , Ying , Q. , Qian , Q. ( 2006 ) Effects of different treatments of salicylic acid on heat tolerance, chlorophyll fluorescence and antioxidant enzyme activity in seedlings of Cucumis sativa L . Plant Growth

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. Sterling , T : HIV infection-related tuberculosis: clinical manifestations and treatment . Clinical Infect Dis 50 S3 , S223 – S230 ( 2010 ) 10. Yassin

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-drug resistant (MDR) bacterial strains has been highlighted, emphasising and contextualizing the role of “one health” [ 2 ]. This might be even further aggravated by the current wide use of antibiotics for the treatment of COVID-19 patients, in an attempt to

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. Chem. 1951 193 291 297 Mastouri, F., Björkman, T., Harman, G. E. (2010) Seed treatment with

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-inflammatory effects of NAP treatment were not restricted to the intestinal tract, given that extra-intestinal and even systemic collateral damages of inflammation could be alleviated [ 11 , 12 ]. This prompted us to elucidate potential immune-modulatory actions of

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., Croute, F., Elfeki, A. (2006) Changes in growth rate and thyroid- and sex-hormones blood levels in rats under sub-chronic lithium treatment. Human Exp. Toxicol. 25 , 243–250. Elfeki A

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Souba Diandé, Gisèle Badoum, Adjima Combary, Issaka Zombra, Tandaogo Saouadogo, Léon T. Sawadogo, Bayéma Nébié, Saïdou Gnanou, Adama Zigani, Seydou Mohamed Ouédraogo, Adama Diallo, Seydou Kaboré, and Lassana Sangaré

are culture- or smear-positive after the 3rd month of treatment with first line drugs, relapsed patients, and patients receiving repeated treatment after non-adherence and treatment failure. The WHO recommends that the National Tuberculosis Program

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in vivo as fumigant and contact treatments . Food Control 22 , 78 – 81 . 5. Pall , M. L. ( 1981 ) Adenosine 3’:5’-monophosphate in fungi . Microbiol. Rev

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