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Bevezetés: A gyulladásos bélbetegség a belek krónikus, hullámzó lefolyású, ismeretlen eredetű gyulladásos betegsége, amelynek két gyakori formája a colitis ulcerosa és a Crohn-betegség. Célkitűzés: A szerzők arra keresték a választ, hogy milyen specifikus pszichés faktorok rontják a gyulladásos bélbetegek életminőségét, illetve milyen a gyulladásos bélbetegek életminősége az egészséges személyek és asztmás betegek életminőségéhez képest. Módszer: A vizsgálatban 269 személy vett részt (kontrollcsoport 115 egyén, 67 Crohn-beteg, 25 colitis ulcerosás és 62 asztmás beteg). A következő módszereket használták: WHO Jól-lét Index, Betegségteher Index, SIBDQ, AQLQ(S), tartalomelemzés. Eredmények: A vizsgálat alapján mind a szubjektív jól-lét, mind a betegségteher a bélbetegségben szenvedőknél szignifikánsan a legrosszabb volt. A gyulladásos bélbetegek számára kidolgozott, életminőséget mérő kérdőív eredményei szerint a gyulladásos bélbetegségben szenvedő betegeket a nem béleredetű tünetek és az érzelmi problémák zavarják a leginkább, ezeket követik a béltünetek és a szociális kapcsolatok nehezítettsége. A bélbetegek számára készült interjúkérdések tartalomelemzése egyértelműen alátámasztotta a kérdőíves vizsgálat eredményeit, illetve kiemelkedtek a társas élet nehézségei, a párkapcsolati problémák, a munkahelyi nehézségek és a béltünetekkel való megküzdés. Következtetések: Szükséges lenne több figyelmet fordítani a gyulladásos bélbetegek pszichés gondozására, életminőségének javítására és betegségükkel való együttélésük segítésére, különösen az interperszonális kapcsolatok terén. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 1511–1519.

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Absztrakt

A tanulmány célja a szakfordítók számára készült TERMit adatbázis szerkezeti és tartalmi vizsgálata és részletes elemzése. Mai felgyorsult világunk számos területen változásokat hoz, és változnak a szakfordítói segédeszközök is. A hagyományos eszközök mellett egyre nagyobb tért hódítanak a modern terminológiai számítógépes adatbázisok, amelyek a korábbiakhoz képest számos többletinformációt nyújtanak a szakfordítók számára. Ezen a konkrét példán, és további vizsgálatokon keresztül lehetőség nyílik különböző adatbázisok közös és eltérő jegyeinek a kimutatására. A vizsgálat eredménye hozzájárulhat a magyar és a nemzetközi szemlélet egymáshoz történő közelítéséhez.

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The aim of this research is to examine the degree to which different categories of intellectual capital are disclosed in the annual reports of a sample of large European companies. The sample comprises 18 companies included in the STOXX® Europe TMI Software & Computer Services Index, from six countries. Keeping with the previous literature, the present study has analysed the disclosed items of intellectual capital outside the financial reports of these entities; this methodological choice assumes that disclosure outside the requirements of accounting standards shows the true commitment of managers in the creation and development of intellectual capital. Therefore, we have collected the cross-sectional raw data from the management review section of selected annual reports for one fiscal year. We have used relevant methodologies from the earlier literature for the content analysis of intellectual capital disclosures. The elements disclosed in narrative form were coded as binary variables on an index scale, and several frequencies and charts are included in the discussion section. Frequencies found are only poorly comparable with the results of previous studies.

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Abstract  

This paper examines the peer review procedure of a national science funding organization (Swiss National Science Foundation) by means of the three most frequently studied criteria reliability, fairness, and validity. The analyzed data consists of 496 applications for project-based funding from biology and medicine from the year 1998. Overall reliability is found to be fair with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.41 with sizeable differences between biology (0.45) and medicine (0.20). Multiple logistic regression models reveal only scientific performance indicators as significant predictors of the funding decision while all potential sources of bias (gender, age, nationality, and academic status of the applicant, requested amount of funding, and institutional surrounding) are non-significant predictors. Bibliometric analysis provides evidence that the decisions of a public funding organization for basic project-based research are in line with the future publication success of applicants. The paper also argues for an expansion of approaches and methodologies in peer review research by increasingly focusing on process rather than outcome and by including a more diverse set of methods e.g. content analysis. Such an expansion will be necessary to advance peer review research beyond the abundantly treated questions of reliability, fairness, and validity.

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A feeding experiment was conducted on northern pike, Esox lucius L. (123.6±33.3 g initial body weight) applying graded dietary fish oil supplementation resulting three dietary fat levels (without supplementation: 6.2% fat and 11.7, 17.4% fat levels with supplementations) in a recirculation system. Feed consumption, feed efficiency and protein utilization of pike was not affected by the treatment. Whole body lipid content analysis showed that the composition of pike was significantly affected by the increasing level of fish oil supplementation, although no relationship was detected between the dietary and the fillet lipid content, as well as the protein content of fish bodies. High docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) proportions were found in the muscle lipids (groups fed fish oil supplementation), as compared to the dietary fatty acid compositions suggesting that with dietary fish oil supplementation the dietary precursors (mainly EPA) enable pike to convert long chain highly unsaturated fatty acids, especially DHA; resulting high DHA: EPA ratios in the fillet.

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Summary  

Lithium-ion batteries are widely used as a power source for portable electronic devices. Currently, only 50-70% of the theoretical capacity of the layered oxide cathode (positive electrode) materials could be reversibly used. The reason for this limitation is not fully understood in the literature. Recent structural and chemical characterizations of chemically delithiated (charged) cathodes suggest that loss of oxygen from the lattice may play a role in this regard. However, during the chemical delithiation process any proton inserted from the solvent could adversely affect the oxygen content analysis data. The challenge in addressing this issue is to detect and determine precisely the proton content in the chemically delithiated samples. The prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA) facility at the Nuclear Engineering Teaching Laboratory (NETL) is used to determine the proton content in the layered oxide cathode LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 before and after chemical delithiation. The data are compared with those obtained with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, which can provide mainly qualitative analysis. The technique has proved to be promising for these compounds and will be applied to characterize several other chemically delithiated Li1-xCo1-yMyO2 (M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Mg, and Al) cathodes.

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Abstract  

Using 17 fully open access electronic journals published uninterruptedly during 2000–2004 in the field of Library and Information Science the present study investigated the trend of LIS Open Access e-journals’ literature by analysing articles, authors, institutions, countries, subjects, & references. Quantitative content analysis was carried out on the data, data were analysed in order to project literature growth, authorship pattern, gender pattern, cited references pattern and related bibliometric phenomena. The analysis indicates that there were as many as 1636 articles published during 2000–2004 with an average increment of 23.75 articles per year. The authorship pattern indicates that team research has not been very common in LIS OA publishing and male authors were keener than female authors. Authors from academic institutions were paid more interest in OA publishing and most of them were from developed nations. The subject coverage of these OA e-journals was very vast and almost all facets of information and library science were covered in these articles. There were 90.10% of articles of these e-journals contained references and on an average an article contained 24 references. Of these, 38.53% of references were hyperlinked and 87.35% of hyperlinked references were live during investigation. The analysis of data clearly indicates that OA e-journals in LIS are rapidly establishing themselves as a most viable media for scholarly communication.

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. 2000 Readers, authors, and page structure: A discussion of four questions arising from a content analysis of Web pages Journal of the American Society for Information Science 51 2

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. , Orban Z. Salt content analysis of historic masonries with SEM , Pollack Periodica , Vol. 9 , No. 1 , 2017 , pp. 7 – 16 . [4] Shaw P

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): Narrative psychology and narrative psychological content analysis. In László, J. and Stainton Rogers, W. (eds): Narrative Approaches in Social Psychology. Budapest: New Mandate, 9-25. Narrative psychology and

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