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Abstract  

The kinetics of bovine serum albumin (BSA) denaturation in the absence and the presence of urea was studied by the iso-conversional method and the master plots method using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The observed denaturation process was irreversible and approximately conformed to the simple order reaction, and the denaturation did not follow rigorously first-order kinetic model or other integral order reaction models. The denaturation temperature (T m), apparent activation energy (E a), approximate order of reaction (n), and pre-exponential factor (A) all distinctly decreased as the 2 mol L−1 urea was added, which indicated that the urea accelerated the denaturation process of BSA and greatly reduced thermal and kinetic stability of BSA. This study also demonstrated that the iso-conversional method, in combination with the master plots method, provides a valuable and useful approach to the study of the kinetic process of protein denaturation.

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Abstract  

The kinetics of protein thermal transition is of a significant interest from the standpoint of medical treatment. The effect of sucrose (0–15 mass%) on bovine serum albumin denatured aggregation kinetics at high concentration was studied by the iso-conversional method and the master plots method using differential scanning calorimetry. The observed aggregation was irreversible and conformed to the simple order reaction. The denaturation temperature (T m), the kinetic triplets all increased as the sucrose concentration increased, which indicated the remarkable stabilization effect of sucrose. The study purpose is to provide new opportunities in exploring aggregation kinetics mechanisms in the presence of additive.

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Abstract  

The computer program SOLANG, originally developed by MOENS et al. for the efficiency conversion via effective solid angles (
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(bulky source counted at the top of detector), discrepancies were below 7% in the whole range of gamma-energies considered (88–1115 keV), with an average of 3–4%. EXTSANGLE is extensive and flexible with respect to the data input, storage and output, thus contributing to the automation of a gamma-spectrometry laboratory dealing, for instance, with the k0-NAA and/or environmental radioactivity monitoring.
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published work, the contribution of acid and basic sites of MO–Nd 2 O 3 (M = Be, Mg, Ca, Sr) mixed to the oxidative conversion of methane was investigated in detail [ 4 ]. This is among the first attempts aiming to demonstrate that the methane conversion

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Conversion of phosphogypsum to potassium sulfate

Part I. The effect of temperature on the solubility of calcium sulfate in concentrated aqueous chloride solutions

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Aagli, N. Tamer, A. Atbir, L. Boukbir, and M. El Hadek

Solubility of calcium sulfate in concentrated aqueous chloride solutions is of particular significance in chloride hydrometallurgy and various crystallization processes, such as the production of potassium sulfate from phosphogypsum and potassium chloride. This paper examines an example of the second type of application in which gypsum and potassium chloride are reacted to form K2SO4. The solubility of phosphogypsum in aqueous solutions of KCl, HCl, and mixtures of both has first been measured at various temperatures and concentrations. The parameters investigated are HCl concentration up to 6M, KCl concentration up to 180 g L-1 and temperature from 25 to 80°C. In addition, the influence of co-existing chloride salts, such as (HCl+KCl), on the solubility of calcium sulfate is estimated from 25 to 80°C. The solubility increases obviously with the temperature increment as it does initially with acid concentration, reaching a maximum of about 3M HCl, 130 g L-1 KCl and then drops. At the same time, the solubility of CaSO4·2H2O decreases with increasing KCl concentration.

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Abstract  

A -spectrometric method has been developed for the assay of uranium in crude UF4, which is used as a secondary source of input material for producing nuclear grade U-metal at natural uranium conversion plants. The method makes use of a NaI (Tl) detector coupled with a multichannel analyzer. The 1 MeV -ray of238U is used for calibration. A method for the fabrication of uniform -assay calibration standards is also suggested, based on the results of this investigation. The calibration standards were prepared by soaking the matrix in uranium solution and then drying the whole material. The amount of238U in the crude UF4 sample was directly estimated by comparing the areas under the 1 MeV -ray peak of known calibration standards with the corresponding areas of the samples to be measured. 100 g each of the standard and the sample were counted. 5 crude UF4 samples were analyzed by this method. The uranium contents in these samples were found to be in the range of 12.2–28.7 g. To compare the -ray spectrometry results with a completely independent method, chemical analysis by potentiometry of all the samples was also done. The -spectrometric results were found to agree within ±18% with the chemical analysis results.

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