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-irrelevant cues is inappropriate in this case. Addiction-irrelevant cues should not elicit an urge to perform the addictive behavior and this would lead to an overestimation of effect size Coding of

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Attila Körmendi, Zita Brutóczki, Bianka Petra Végh, and Rita Székely

lessons, or while having her meals. Availability is a cardinal key in the inchoative stage of addictions, as it increases the probability of the development of addictive behavior. Furthermore, there are believed to be some psychological problems

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-watching without considering it a priori as an addictive behavior ( Billieux et al., 2015 ; Kardefelt-Winther et al., 2017 ). Qualitatively exploring the phenomenon, themes, and views expressed through the focus group approach allowed us to point out the inherent

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Inclusion of gaming disorder in the diagnostic classifications and promotion of public health response

Commentary to the “Scholars’ open debate paper on the World Health Organization ICD-11 Gaming Disorder proposal”: A perspective from Iran

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Behrang Shadloo, Rabert Farnam, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Marziyeh Hamzehzadeh, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Maral Mardaneh Jobehdar, Kamyar Ghani, Nader Charkhgard, and Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar

There are ongoing controversies regarding the upcoming ICD-11 concept of gaming disorder. Recently, Aarseth et al. have put this diagnostic entity into scrutiny. Although we, a group of Iranian researchers and clinicians, acknowledge some of Aarseth et al.’s concerns, believe that the inclusion of gaming disorder in the upcoming ICD-11 would facilitate necessary steps to raise public awareness, enhance development of proper diagnostic approaches and treatment interventions, and improve health and non-health policies.

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, but not disorders due to substance use or addictive behaviors. The early estimations of prevalence rates of CSBD provided by Carnes ( 1991 ) and Coleman ( 1992 ) suggested that up to 6% of people from the general population suffer from

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Csilla Ágoston and Attila Körmendi

Hayes, S. C. & Levin, M. E. (2012). Mindfulness and acceptance for addictive behaviors: Applying contextual CBT to substance abuse and behavioral addictions . Oakland, CA: New Harbinger

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A család meghatározó tényező az ember életében, több szempontból. Funkciói közül a szocializációra koncentrálunk. E folyamat során a gyermekek szüleiktől tanulják meg a társadalmi viselkedési módokat és szabályokat. A szülő–gyermek kapcsolat a kötődés és a világban való biztonságérzet talapzata, mely az átadott minták mellett társas támogatást is jelent, továbbá a család fontos védőfaktorként is funkcionál az egészségkárosító magatartással szemben. Kutatások kimutatták, hogy a szerfogyasztás gyakorisága a zilált, kevés támogatást biztosító családok gyermekeinél magasabb. Jelen tanulmány szegedi középiskolásokat (N = 881) mutat be. Vizsgálatunk középpontjában a káros szenvedélyek (dohányzás, „nagyivás” és marihuána használat), illetve a fiatalkori depresszió megjelenése, valamint a protektív faktorok között számon tartott társas támasz mértéke, az élettel való elégedettség és a szülő–gyermek kapcsolat minősége állt. Eredményeink szerint a káros szenvedélyek előfordulására hatással van a szülői kontroll és „monitoring” mértéke: minél nagyobb a szülői figyelem mértéke, annál valószínűbb, hogy a fiatalok nem élnek egészségkárosító szerekkel. A depresszió megjelenését növeli, az élettel való elégedettséget csökkenti az anyától és az apától kapott társas támogatásnak, valamint a szülőkkel való szoros kapcsolatnak a hiánya.

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Neuropeptide substance P (SP) has reinforcing and memory facilitating effects after its peripheral or central application. Rats self-inject SP into the ventromedial caudate-putamen and SP microinjections into the basal forebrain induce place preference with a simultaneous increase of dopamine level. In the amygdaloid body SP positive neurones and terminals have been identified. The aim of the present study was to examine the possible reinforcing effects of SP in the basolateral amygdala (ABL). CFY male rats were conditioned in two-compartment passive avoidance paradigm and place preference was examined in two-compartment-box and in circular open field. Animals were microinjected bilaterally with 10 ng SP, 100 ng SP or vehicle solution (0.4 ml/side) into the ABL. Results showed that post-shock infusion of 10 ng SP significantly enhanced passive avoidance learning while 100 ng SP was ineffective. In two-compartment-box and in circular open field place preference did not develop after SP treatments, however. Our data are the first to demonstrate that SP in the ABL is involved in learning and memory processes related to aversive situations. Results that SP microinjections were not followed by rewarding-reinforcing consequences in place preference paradigms indicate that the local SP network in the ABL is not involved in neuronal circuitry responsible for addictive behaviour.

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This commentary supports the argument that there is an increasing tendency to subsume a range of excessive daily behaviors under the rubric of non-substance related behavioral addictions. The concept of behavioral addictions gained momentum in the 1990s with the recent reclassification of pathological gambling as a non-substance behavioral addiction in DSM-5 accelerating this process. The propensity to label a host of normal behaviors carried out to excess as pathological based simply on phenomenological similarities to addictive disorders will ultimately undermine the credibility of behavioral addiction as a valid construct. From a scientific perspective, anecdotal observation followed by the subsequent modification of the wording of existing substance dependence diagnostic criteria, and then searching for biopsychosocial correlates to justify classifying an excessive behavior resulting in harm as an addiction falls far short of accepted taxonomic standards. The differentiation of normal from non-substance addictive behaviors ought to be grounded in sound conceptual, theoretical and empirical methodologies. There are other more parsimonious explanations accounting for such behaviors. Consideration needs to be given to excluding the possibility that excessive behaviors are due to situational environmental/social factors, or symptomatic of an existing affective disorder such as depression or personality traits characteristic of cluster B personalities (namely, impulsivity) rather than the advocating for the establishment of new disorders.

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-year follow-up of a school-based preventive intervention. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors , 15 (4): 360-365. Preventing binge drinking during early adolescence: one- and two-year follow-up of a school-based preventive

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