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: Hallstatt Kolloquium Veszprém 1984. MittArchInst Beiheft 3. Hrsg. von E. Jerem. Budapest 1986, 69–77.. Genito 1986 = B. Genito : The Italian archaeological activity in Hungary (1985–86), East and West

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Abstract  

A new approach for analysis of entire potsherds of archaeological interest by INAA, using the conventional relative method, is described. The analytical method proposed involves, primarily, the preparation of replicates of the original archaeological pottery, with well known chemical composition (standard), destined to be irradiated simultaneously, in a well thermalized external neutron beam of the RP-10 reactor, with the original object (sample). The basic advantage of this proposal is to avoid the need of performing complicated effect corrections when dealing with large samples, due to neutron self shielding, neutron self-thermalization and gamma ray attenuation. In addition, and in contrast with the other methods, the main advantages are the possibility of evaluating the uncertainty of the results and, fundamentally, validating the overall methodology.

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Abstract  

Neutron activation analysis has been applied to evaluate the concentrations of U, Th, K and Rb in archaeological samples in view of precise thermoluminescent (T.L.) dating. The experimental conditions including the timing and the Ge detector characteristics are examined. For U and Th, the determinations have been made through both the short radioisotopes (239U and233Th) or through the long-lived daughter nuclei (239Np and233Pa). A factor of 7 between the calculated and observed yields for U is found and discussed. The simultaneous measurement of the 4 elements of interest in samples of about 200 mg is easy achieved.

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Abstract  

An unique, imexpensive thermal neutron activation analysis (NAA) facility has been developed utilising the stray neutrons produced during routine isotope production operations of the 30 MeV (H+-ion) Medical Cyclotron of ANSTO. Neutron activation analysis of archaeological ceramic samples was carried out at this facility. Concentrations of iron (Fe), sodium (Na), potassium (K), scandium (Sc), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), as well as rare earth elements (lanthanide), cerium (Ce), lanthanum (La), samarium (Sm) and ytterbium (Yb) to a minimum detectable level of 1.1±20% ppm relative to Ohio Red Clay (ORC) standard were estimated.

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Summary

A miniature relief representing the scene of tauroctony, i.e. Mithras killing the bull, is on display in the Archaeological Museum in Split. Despite its visibility, the relief has so far remained unpublished. It is therefore the aim of this article to provide the detailed description of the object, and to contextualize it within the broader framework of “small and miniature reproductions of the Mithraic icon”. Based on this, the original provenance and dating of the miniature relief are proposed. Furthermore, the relief is taken as a fine example of interconnectedness of social, material, and religious mobility in “globalizing Roman world”. The final part of the article discusses the psychological effectiveness of miniature Mithraic reliefs, suggesting their possible role as memory aids.

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Abstract  

Part of a research program on cultural heritage aimed to elucidate the production of ceramic artifacts in Roman Pavia is devoted to the localization of the possible sources of raw materials (claypits) as well as to the technological production processes. Clay samples were collected in two different areas nearby Pavia, Lomellina and Oltrepo. Some of these samples were also fired at 950 °C. Archaeological ceramic samples, mostly bricks and tiles of Roman age, were obtained from excavations of Roman settlings close to Pavia. All samples were submitted to instrumental neutron activation analysis for the determination of Ca, Fe and a number of trace elements. Results indicate (1) fired and raw clay samples keep the same elemental fingerprint so that only raw samples data can be used in archaeometric studies; (2) some parameters based on rare earth elements are useful to discriminate the clay samples from the two investigated areas; (3) clay discrimination is confirmed also by discriminant analysis; and (4) the insertion of the elemental composition data of the ceramic artifacts in the statistical treatment allows one to assign the artifacts to one of the investigated areas and confirms that, at Roman times, the production of ceramic building materials was mostly based on the use of local prime matter.

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altungarische Fürstengrab von Zemplín. Archaeologica Slovaca-Monographiae 2. Bratislava 1973. Callmer 1981 = J. Callmer : The archaeology of Kiev ca A.D. 500-1000. A survey. In: Les pays du nord et Byzanc

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Abstract  

Instrumental neutron activation analysis was carried out for trace elements in green tuff cylindrical beads (KUDATAMA) and obsidians unearthed from the sites with special reference to their archaeological provenience studies. An approach based on the characteristic index elements, the correlation diagrams of some of the elements interested, and the abundance patterns of some of rare earth elements is valid for clarifying the different source regions.

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–1250). Bucureşti 1951. Documente privind istoria României [Documents Regarding the History of Romania]. C. Transilvania. Veacul XIII. II (1251–1300). Bucureşti 1952. D. Ellmers : Shipbuilding. In: Medieval Archaeology: an

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Abstract  

A destructive neutron activation analysis procedure was developed for determining trace aluminum content in bone. It was found that soil contamination can influence the aluninum bone levels in prehistoric bone specimens. These maximum aluninum content values for prehistoric bone are larger than those of modern bone and comparable to aluminum levels present in bone from renal patients.

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