Search Results

You are looking at 61 - 70 of 251 items for :

  • "chronology" x
  • All content x
Clear All

The article is intended to analyse the temporal and spatial structure unfolding in the book "My Sister - Life". The temporal structure of the book is built on the succession of the four seasons. The seasons - and at times the months as well - have well-defined meanings in Pasternak's poetic system. The temporal structure of the book follows the cyclical order of the calendar year, and the events of a "love story" represent a linear progress in time. Furthermore, in the artistic composition of the book another type of chronology can be revealed, which can be described with the Bergsonian category of internal time, durée. What is crucial and vital for the lyrical hero is the internal correspondence of experiences and phenomena, which interrupts the linear progress of the narrative, as opposed to the external, rational and linear order of things.   The spatial structure of the book can be analysed with the help of the voyage motif. Parallel with travelling in the external world a voyage takes place in the internal realm of the lyrical hero's creative memory. The category of time and space are inseparable, interwoven in the course of the voyage and the unfolding of memories. In other words, events that can originally be characterised in temporal terms occur and evolve in the external space, which can be regarded as a poetical reinterpretation of an archaic, mythological space-time model.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Ranking lists of periodicals in different scientific disciplines are generally based on the total number of citations derived from a group of source journals with equal weightage given to all citations irrespective of chronology. As a result, in all these ranking lists, the position occupied by the post-war journals, may not be an accurate index of their demand or usefulness to research workers in the concerned field. This may happen because the quantum of published literature in the new journals is limited by the period for which they have been in existence, which is in many cases less than 20 years. Moreover, many of the post-war journals appearing in all these recent ranking lists have started publication even after 1960s, and their enumerated citations cover in fact a variable period of less than 20 years unlike in the case of pre-war journals. To avoid such discriminating against new journals which necessarily have fewer citation credits Sengupta suggested earlier an off-setting weightage formula which has been applied in this paper to rerank microbiology periodicals. A revised ranking list in the field of microbiology has been recommended in preference to the earlier one compiled by Sengupta. Results and findings, after application of the weightage formula, have been presented and discussed in this paper.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Downcore variation of trace metals in sediment cores along the coastal line is one of the markers to assess the intrusion of industrial pollutants into the aquatic environment. Fifty sediment core samples from the Mumbai Harbour Bay (MHB), were studied for the trace element content. MHB is a recipient of effluents from different industries situated all along its coast around Thane–Belapur region. The average concentrations of Titanium (Ti), Manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn) were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy and complemented by analysing with energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. In addition to this, depth profiles of K and Ca were also studied to assess the homogeneity of the geological strata of the region. Trace metals such as Cu, Ni and Zn show enrichment between 16 to 28 cm, whereas, uniform distribution through out the core was observed for K, Ca, Ti, Mn and Fe. Chronology of the heavy metal deposition was predicated based on the average sedimentation rate (0.92 ± 0.08 cm year−1) derived using depth-wise 137Cs concentration profile in core of bottom sediment. The results of the analysis showed that MHB had received excess inputs of Cu, Ni and Zn in the year 1981, 1988 and 1982, respectively. Surface concentration of Cu, Ni, Zn and Fe compared to the reference site indicates moderate pollution in the recent years whereas for elements K, Ca, Ti and Mn, the values are normal indicating MHB unpolluted for the latter elements.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Six peat cores taken from three unmodified blanket and raised bogs in Ireland were sectioned and analyzed for a range of radionuclides including134Cs,137Cs,238Pu,239Pu,241Am, and210Pb.134Cs and137Cs were measured by high resolution gamma-spectrometry, while the transuranium nuclides were determined after chemical separation by alpha-spectrometry.241Pu, present on the electroplated discs together with Pu(), was measured directly by low-level liquid scintillation counting. Core chronologies were established by measuring the unsupported210Pb component using low energy photon spectrometry (LEPS). From the resulting profiles, relaxation depths and migration rates for the above mentioned radionuclides have been determined and differences in the values of these parameters interpreted.238Pu/239,240Pu and241Pu/239,240Pu ratios have been examined carefully and are discussed in some detail. Finally, the contribution from Chernobyl to the total radiocaesium inventory in each core has been established using the134Cs/137Cs ratio observed in the initial fallout from Chernobyl.

Restricted access

On the coins in the cemetery of the Hungarian commoners at Magyarhomorog-Kónyadomb . The Magyarhomorog-Kónyadomb cemetery, in which 540 graves of the Hungarian commoners were unearthed from the 10 th –12 th centuries, was the richest one in the Carpathian Basin in regard of coins: a hundred and ninety-nine coins were uncovered in 145 graves, mostly of adults, from the period between (Saint) Stephen I (1000–1038) and Stephen II (1116–1131). The majority of the coins were intact; two of them were folded in half. Coins cut to pieces were placed in 48 graves: the fragments either belonged to the same item or they were independent segments. They appeared in three functions in the burial rite: in clusters as perforated coin ornaments (3 graves of children), as burial obols in the mouth or the hands 69 graves and as diverse coin grave-goods 98 graves. The distribution of the graves with coins shows a relative chronology in concentric stripes, where the oldest ones are in the centre. The village that used the cemetery has not yet been identified.

Restricted access

The article examines the history of the following words found in diplomatic correspondence of Muscovite Russia of the 17th century: vstupan'e 'entry (into); come into smth. (administration, possession); accession to the throne', vygubiti 'kill; exterminate, extirpate; destroy', vyznan´e 'confession; confirmation, evidence', vymogati, vymo ci 'extort (from)', vypu šcen ´e 'release; liberation,', vysvobo ? (d)en'e 'liberation; discharge', vysluchati 'listen (to)'. The author aims at proving that these intraslavonic derivates are interslavonic borrowings/loanwords in the written Russian language of the second half of the 16th and 17th centuries. The article contains facts proving these words to be Polonisms in the Russian language and “prostaja mova”, the latter, in the author's opinion, appeared to be the mediator when these words were being borrowed by the Russian language. The materials of the article considerably specify the chronology of vstupan´e, vymogati, vymo ci, vypušcen ´e in the Russian written language and it is the first time the words vyznan´e, vysluchati have been discovered in the monuments of the Russian written language by the author of this investigation.

Restricted access

Der Artikel befasst sich mit der Rolle der Buddhisten in der frühindischen Gesellschaft. Das monolithische Bild eines buddhistischen Zeitalters erfuhr in den letzten Jahrzehnten eine starke Änderung, wobei die sozioökonomischen Prozesse, statt eines großen Sprunges, eher als ein zeitlich und räumlich länger andauernder Entwicklungsprozess beschrieben wurden. Zu dieser Änderung beigetragen haben unter anderem die philologische Forschung, die neuere Datierungsergebnisse der Stadtentwicklung aufgrund der archäologischen Funde in den letzten Jahrzehnten, sowie die ertragreiche und immer noch offene Debatte über die Buddha-Datierung und nicht zuletzt die Ansicht, dass das Zeitalter des historischen Buddha im Vergleich zur traditionellen Auffassung etwas später anzusetzen sei. Das Ziel dieses Artikels ist es, eine neue Lesart des sogenannten buddhistischen Zeitalters wahrnehmbar zu machen.

Restricted access

Absztrakt:

A tanulmány áttekinti a Nemzeti Alaptanterv (Nat) megszületését és annak formálódását (1989–1995, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2018). Bemutatja a Nat megszületésének hazai kronológiáját és annak európai hátterét. Felvillantja az implementáció, az adaptáció tapasztalatait, majd kitér a mai Európa Nat-szerű konstrukcióira, s azok oktatásirányítási szerepére, rávilágítva e szerep alakulásának ingajellegére. Bemutatja az európai értékek – beleértve az Európai Unió értékeinek – a Nat-okban történő megjelenését. Befejezésül a szerző rámutat, hogy a Nat erőket lekötő, sőt fékező fogoly a saját maga képviselte hierarchikus műfajrendszerben.

Open access

Irodalom H odson , F rank Roy 1968 The La Tène Cemetery at Münsingen-Rain . Catalogue and Relative Chronology . Bern

Restricted access

A polyarthritisek okának tisztázása sok esetben nem egyszerű, tekintettel a háttérben felmerülő lehetséges kórképek sokféleségére. A pontos diagnózis alapja a részletes anamnézisfelvétel és fizikális vizsgálat. A betegség kronológiája, az ízületi gyulladás megléte, annak lokalizációja, az extraarticularis tünetek, a betegség lefolyása segíthet a diagnózis felállításában. Noha sok klasszikus reumatológiai laboratóriumi teszt nem specifikus, ezek elvégzése a már specifikus tesztekkel együtt, kiegészítve a radiológiai vizsgálatokkal, segítheti a diagnózis felállítását. A korai arthritisből kialakulhat definitív rheumatoid arthritis vagy más definitív ízületi betegség, a folyamat spontán módon regrediálhat, vagy továbbra is nem differenciált maradhat. Az arthritis diagnózisának és kimenetelének optimális megítéléséhez elsődleges a gyulladásos arthritis tényének megállapítása, majd a lehetséges definitív kórképek kizárása, végül a perzisztáló és/vagy destruktív irreverzíbilis forma kockázatának felmérése. Az optimális kezelési stratégia (lehetőleg 3 hónapon belüli) alapján mielőbb elkezdett korai bázisterápiás kezeléssel megelőzhetjük az ízületi destrukciót, funkcióvesztést, és javíthatjuk a beteg életminőségét.

Restricted access