Authors:Minnja S. Hartmann, Soraya Mousavi, Stefan Bereswill, and Markus M. Heimesaat
National Parliament, Deutscher Bundestag (ZIM, ZF4117908 AJ8) to SB and MMH. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript. Abbreviations AVE antibiotic-free diet plus arginine
Authors:Silke Dubbert, Birgit Klinkert, Michael Schimiczek, Trudy M. Wassenaar, and Rudolf von Bünau
interpreted data. TMW performed gene comparison and wrote the first draft. All authors edited and approved the final manuscript.
Conflict of Interest
SD, BK, MS, and RvB are employed by Ardeypharm GmbH, the producer of probiotic
Authors:Ernst-Jürgen Finke, Wolfgang Beyer, Ulrike Loderstädt, and Hagen Frickmann
accordingly. Funding sources No financial support was received for this study. Authors' contribution EJF, WB, UL, and HF jointly performed the literatature review for with work. EJF wrote the article. All authors jointly optimized and reviewed the manuscript
Authors:S. Y. Kondratyuk, L. Lőkös, S.-O. Oh, T. O. Kondratiuk, I. Yu. Parnikoza, and J.-S. Hur
the manuscript, to Dr Edit Farkas (Vacratot, Hungary) for her kind help with getting photos of the new taxa described above, and to Dr Konstanze Bensch (the MycoBank team, UK) for nomenclature comments. This work was supported by a grant from the
Very little attention has been given in the literature to the interesting question of how to handle relatedness in finite populations. The main problem is that a finite population is never really ieat equilibriuml. in that it represents just one realization of an infinite assemblage of possible allelic distributions. A recent paper of Rousset and Billiard (manu- script) provides coefficients which, if used in inclusive fitness models under conditions of weak selection, give us a measure of average allele frequency change where the average is taken over all such realizations. Their coefficients are expressed in terms of identity in state, and an alternative formulation (Taylor and Day, manuscript) in terms of coefficients of consanguinity permits the calculation of relatedness in simple cases from pedigree analysis. Here we implement these calculations in a finite asexual haploid population with either a deme structure or a one-dimensional stepping-stone structure and verify our results with numerical simulations in small populations. Our simulations al- low us to investigate the dependence of relatedness on allele frequency, and our results here agree qualitatively with those obtained by Rousset and Billiard. Finally, we examine a model of altruism in a deme-structured population to verify numerically that our relatedness coefficients provide a correct measure of allele frequency change.
Hungarian agricultural scientists who published new research results in the 1950s generally submitted their manuscripts to Acta Agronomica Hungarica, which also provided a forum for the development of international cooperation. When the journal was established it published original papers, reviews, lectures and short communications on agricultural sciences in English, Russian, German and French. It was edited in Budapest, first by András Somos and later by János Surányi. In 1965 the editorial office was transferred to the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Martonvásár, where Sándor Rajki converted it into an English language journal and also made substantial changes to its structure. From 1983 Acta Agronomica was edited in the University of Horticulture and Food Industry, Budapest, with István Tamássy and later Pál Kozma as chief editor. After 12 years, in May 1995, the Agricultural Sciences Section of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences again charged the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Martonvásár, with the editing of the journal, and since 2000 Zoltán Bedő has been the chief editor. The editorial board of Acta Agronomica Hungarica still regards the publication of the results achieved in basic and applied research on agricultural science as its primary task, with the emphasis on crop research. Preference is given to research on physiology, genetics, crop production, plant breeding, cell and molecular biology, nature and environment protection, and the preservation of gene reserves. The professional standard, recognition, market value and time to publication have improved considerably in recent years. This can be attributed partly to the setting up of an International Advisory Board in addition to the Hungarian Editorial Committee, and partly to the computerised editing and to the precise, conscientious work of the reviewers.
a Dóc-Ópusztaszer-Baks ártéri öblözetben. (Water management and alternative land use options for sustainable landscape management in the flood-basin between Baks, Ópusztaszer and Dóc.) Manuscript, Szeged.
Szlávik, L. (ed
Grudzień, M. (1977): Thrips (Thysanoptera) of ruderal plants of the city of Lublin. A manuscript in the Department of Zoology, University of Maria Curie-Sklodowska (in Polish).
A manuscript in the Department of