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enforceable, rendering them optional for most training programs. The psychedelics renaissance has not extended to Black America. Black people continue to use psychedelics at lower rates than Whites ( CBHSQ, 2018 ) and like much of the mental health field

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): The national survey of American life: A study of racial, ethnic and cultural influences on mental disorders and mental health . Int. J. Method. Psych. , 13 , 196 – 207 . K ATCHER

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Joël Billieux, Adriano Schimmenti, Yasser Khazaal, Pierre Maurage, and Alexandre Heeren

Background

Behavioral addiction research has been particularly flourishing over the last two decades. However, recent publications have suggested that nearly all daily life activities might lead to a genuine addiction.

Methods and aim

In this article, we discuss how the use of atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches may result in the identification of an unlimited list of “new” behavioral addictions.

Results

Both methodological and theoretical shortcomings of these studies were discussed.

Conclusions

We suggested that studies overpathologizing daily life activities are likely to prompt a dismissive appraisal of behavioral addiction research. Consequently, we proposed several roadmaps for future research in the field, centrally highlighting the need for longer tenable behavioral addiction research that shifts from a mere criteria-based approach toward an approach focusing on the psychological processes involved.

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Commentary on: Are we overpathologizing everyday life? A tenable blueprint for behavioral addiction research

Problems with atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches in the study of behavioral addictions

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Author: Daniel Kardefelt-Winther

Background and Aims

This commentary is written in response to a paper by Billieux, Schimmenti, Khazaal, Maurage and Hereen (2015) published in the Journal of Behavioral Addictions.

Methods

It supports and extends the arguments by Billieux, Schimmenti et al. (2015): that the study of behavioral addictions too often rests on atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches. This tends to lead to theories that lack specificity and a neglect of the underlying processes that might explain why repetitive problem behaviors occur.

Results

In this commentary I extend the arguments by Billieux, Schimmenti et al. (2015) and argue that such research approaches might take us further away from conceptualizing psychiatric diagnoses that can be properly validated, which is already a problem in the field. Furthermore, I discuss whether the empirical support for conceptualizing repetitive problem behaviors as addictions might rest on research practices that have been methodologically biased to produce a result congruent with the proposal that substance addictions and behavioral addictions share similar traits.

Conclusions

I conclude by presenting a number of ways of going forward, chief of which is the proposal that we might wish to go beyond a priori assumptions of addiction in favor of identifying the essential problem manifestations for each new potential behavioral addiction.

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Introduction Researchers and health professionals are once again considering psychedelic drugs as viable treatments for a range of mental health issues. With seemingly broad applications, psychedelics are being researched as

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-stigma has been widely researched for numerous mental health conditions (see, e.g.,  Boyd et al., 2014 ; Livingston & Boyd, 2010 ), only four studies have directly investigated the self-stigma associated with problem gambling. Interviews with 30 people self

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az orvosi hivatásban. Szociológiai Szemle , 14: 107–127. Jeanneau, M., Armelius, K. (2000): Self-image and burnout in psychiatric staff. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing , 7: 399

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. CHRISTENSEN , H. , & PETRIE , K. ( 2013 ). State of the e-mental health field in Australia: where are we now? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry , 47 ( 2 ), 117 – 120

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Tomcsányi, T. (2000) ’Mental Health Promotion through the Dialogue of Different Philosophies and Professions: An Interdisciplinary Training Programme in Mental Health’, Mental Health, Religion & Culture 3, 143

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European Journal of Mental Health
Authors: Teodóra Tomcsányi, Roger Csáky-Pallavicini, Gábor Ittzés, Gábor Semsey, and Péter Török

Tomcsányi, T. (1994) Mentálhygiéné és pasztorálpszichológia (PhD diss., Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, Budapest). Tomcsányi, T. (2000) ‘Mental Health Promotion through the Dialogue of Different

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