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accuracy assessment Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sens 52 839 847 Janssen, J.A.M. 2001. Monitoring

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vegetation studies in permanet plots: a determinant feature of monitoring. ISAFA, Comunicazioni di Ricerca 2001/02: 101-111 (in Italian, with English abstract). Structure and spatial scale in woodland vegetation studies in permanet

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Netherlands. Droesen, W.J. 1999. Spatial modelling and monitoring of natural landscapes: with cases in the Amsterdam Waterworks Dunes. PhD thesis, Wageningen Agricultural University, the Netherlands

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Hambrook Berkman, J. A. and Porter, S. D. (2004): An overview of algal monitoring and research in the US Geological Survey's National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. - Diatom 20 : 13-22. An overview of algal monitoring

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lie in the availability of information about inventions of high novelty, but rather in the assessment thereof, as companies are confronted with the problem of information overflow (Bergmann et al. 2008 ). Information overflow causes the monitoring of

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The statistical analysis of salinity data from samples collected yearly from genetic soil horizons of 69 points of the Hungarian Soil Information and Monitoring System between 1992 and 2000 showed changes in time. There is a strong atmospheric control over the groundwater level and the resulting soil salinity. Weak statistical association was established between either the pattern of yearly soil salinity changes in the second (10-20 cm) and third (30-40 cm) genetic horizon and the groundwater observation stations or the soil types. In the area of Kecskemét there was a tendency of decreasing soil salinity patterns, while around Békéscsaba a tendency of increasing soil salinity patterns, as illustrated by the correspondence biplot. Regarding soil types, the solonetzic meadow soil showed a tendency of increasing salinity. It was concluded that the statistical analyses of the monitored data must be carefully planned in order to provide the optimal background data as independent data from all those available to accompany the monitored soil data as dependent variable.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Sirintra Sirivisoot, Patharakrit Teewasutrakul, Somporn Techangamsuwan, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, and Anudep Rungsipipat

. Gentilini , F. , Turba , M. E. and Forni , M. ( 2013 ): Retrospective monitoring of minimal residual disease using hairpin-shaped clone specific primers in B-cell lymphoma affected dogs . Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 153 , 279 – 288

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. Vladár, D. Nikodemová, I. Gomola, M. Vičanová, and M. Fojtík

Abstract  

Conclusions from monitoring of two main natural sources of human exposure in Slovak Republic are presented: the outdoor photon dose equivalent rateH x and indoor radon volume activity. Dose equivalent rates were determinated by on-line monitoring network IRIS, and off-line territorial TLD network as well. Radon volume activity was determinated by solid state track detectors CR-39. The annual effective dose from external exposure, determinated by IRIS network, is equal to 816 mSv · y–1. Lower value, 618 mSv · y–1 had been found from TLD network data. The effective dose caused by inhalation of radon and its progeny lays within the range 1.7 to 5.0 mSv · y–1. Such broad range is caused mainly by uncertainties in calculation procedures of radon effective doses.

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Abstract  

Characterization of the solid-state form (hydrate or polymorph) of a pharmaceutical active is a key scientific and regulatory requirement during development of and prior to seeking approval for marketing of the drug product. A variety of analytical methods are available to perform this task. By nature of the fundamental information it provides, TG-DTA offers advantages over other methods in regards to monitoring and quantitation of hydration state changes. In a single experiment with only a few milligrams of sample, TG-DTA perceives minor changes in phase, quantitates total water content and percent conversion, and illustrates hydrate type. All of this is accomplished without the necessity of generating time-consuming standard curves representing the differing ratios of hydrated to anhydrous forms. This study describes the use of TG-DTA to monitor and quantitate humidity induced solid–solid phase conversion of nitrofurantoin and risedronate. Percent conversion was qualitatively observed by both TG and DTA signals and quantitated by the TG.

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Abstract  

The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is currently under construction. The IMS is intended for monitoring of nuclear explosions. The radionuclide part of the IMS monitors the atmosphere for short-lived radioisotopes indicative of a nuclear weapon test, and includes field collection and measurement stations, as well as laboratories to provide reanalysis of the most important samples and a quality control function. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington hosts the United States IMS laboratory, with the designation “RL16.” Since acute reactor containment failures and chronic reactor leakage may also produce similar isotopes, it is tempting to compute ratios of detected isotopes to determine the relevance of an event to the treaty or agreement in question. In this paper we will note several shortcomings of simple isotopic ratios: (1) fractionation of different chemical species, (2) difficulty in comparing isotopes within a single element, and (3) the effect of unknown decay times. While these shortcomings will be shown in the light of an aerosol sample, several of the problems extend to xenon isotopic ratios. Due to the difficulties listed above, considerable human expertise will be required to convert a simple mathematical isotope ratio into a criterion which will reliably categorize an event as ‘reactor’ or ‘weapon’.

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