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Gokhale , D.V. , On uniform marginal representations of contingency tables , Statistics and Probability Letters , 21 ( 1994 ) 311 – 316 . [10] Arnold

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-algebras , J. Math. Phys. , 37 ( 5 ), 2553 – 2565 ( 1996 ). [52] Vougiouklis , T. , Hyperstructures and their representations

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Scientometrics
Authors: P. Weingart, R. Sehringer, and M. Winterhager

Abstract  

Scientific reality is a multi-sided phenomenon which cannot be described in a single and authoritative way. The descriptions of scientific research areas differ if one compares the definitions of science policy programmes with expert judgments in the peer-review process. Bibliometric measurements function as an intermediate representation of science. To make them useful and compatible with other representations they have to be translated. The difficulties of mutual translation of these different delineations of scientific research areas are demonstrated in two case studies (marine sciences and multiple sclerosis research) where each of these three different representations of science is supported by empirical results.

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Benson, D. J. , Representations and cohomology. I. Basic representation theory of finite groups and associative algebras . (Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics, 30.) Cambridge University Press

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of E , X and S allows time series and phase diagram representations which show the bibliometric progress of different scientists in terms of activity and effort (expressed by exergy and energy), regularity and efficiency (as the ratio of exergy

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rather than exist as independent items; moreover, the form of reference is not standardized. For example, a lot of inconsistencies were found in representations of the year (the Western system or the Japanese era system) and abbreviated representations of

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“best”) map of a scientific institutions, but rather many possible representations, each map containing a projection from a specific perspective (Leydesdorff and Rafols 2009 ; Roessner 2000 ; Stirling 2008 ). An important advantage of using maps

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9,473,061 terms and we cut the Zipf curve of terms at the head and the tail to remove the rare terms, stop words and common words. After Zipf cut, 669,860 meaningful terms are kept as the attribute representations in vector space model. All textual

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. Part I: Representations by direct multidimensional scaling . Research Policy 22 1 23 – 45 10.1016/0048-7333(93)90031-C . Peters , HPF AFJ Van Raan

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Scientometrics
Authors: V. A. Markusova, A. N. Libkind, A. E. Varshavsly, and C. N. M. Jansz

organization index was unable to identify a few different representations of the same organizations; we manually corrected for different versions of the same organization. After this correction 125 Russian organizations remained. We strongly advocate a unified

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