Buildings are the largest consumers of energy, accounting for nearly 40% of all energy used. Therefore, an effective method of reducing energy consumption is to create and design more efficient buildings. In this paper details of a sustainable and green building design for a small residential home are presented. This design is unique in that it is built to Passive house standards, and using shipping containers. The structure will use four 20 ft. (6.1 m) high and one 40 ft. (12.2 m) high cube containers, with the four 20 ft. (6.1 m) making up the main floor and the 40 ft. (12.2 m) forming the second floor. The size is a modest 820 sq. ft. (76.2 m2) designed for a family with one or two children.
The goal for the building is to be as self-sufficient as possible which makes it ideally suited to an ‘off-grid’ rural setting. However, it can be adapted to be ‘on-grid’ as well. Solar energy will provide all the electricity needs through a photovoltaic battery system, and warm water with a solar water heater. The site will be water neutral by utilising rainwater harvesting and on site waste water treatment. The results from energy modelling, using HOT2000, are presented, as well as an in-depth analysis on different insulation types and strategies. Finally, a cost estimate exercise is conducted and results compared to other passive houses and traditional code compliance buildings.
timing offsets and frequency offsets of the clock running the code generators [ 7 ]. Although acquisition is an essential first step before tracking can commence, there is no in depth treatment of acquisition methods. This is because the scope of the
Authors:Wisdom Okechukwu Egbujuo, Placid Ikechukwu Anyanwu, and Henry Chinedu Obasi
from the shell. The treatment was accompanied by periodic stirring of the mixture followed by continuous rinsing with distilled water until a neutral pH was obtained. The demineralized chitin was deproteinized by boiling with NaOH (2% v/v) at a ratio of
Authors:Olena Yakymchuk, Dmytro Yakymchuk, Nataliia Bilei-Ruban, Iryna Nosova, Serhiy Horiashchenko, Kostyantyn Horiashchenko, Tetyana Kisil, and Viacheslav Tuz
operations and use of excess energy at the thermal treatment parts in a constructive forming. One of the latest alternative ways of seamless forming of volumetric parts of headwear from fabrics is liquid-jet forming. But realization of this idea requires