The paper analyses the experiences of case studies with 120 families that belong to those who were hit hardest by the economic and social transition. The steadily disadvantageous situation of these families can be traced back to the labor market processes. Despite decreasing unemployment figures and several labor market programs there are still large groups - young people, women with small children, elderly middle-aged persons, the Roma - who can hardly reintegrate into permanent employment. For these people no good choices exist between low wages of available and often uncertain, formal and official jobs and between the irregular incomes from casual, precarious work supplemented with social allowances and benefits. The mobilization of all family resources, including often the work of children, may help to overcome daily problems of subsistence, however their family system is often in danger. Market instability, the loss of continuous income, health problems, tensions and emotional crisis situation often jeopardize the daily conduct of life, housing conditions and the future of children. In the lack of other subsistence strategies and family models this instability is going to be reproduced by the younger generations.
Authors:J. Kontschán, R. Albert, K. Almási, V. Kerezsi, and I. Tóbiás
) (Prostigmata: Penthaleidae), with a survey of ontogenetic setal development in the superfamily Eupodoidea . Int. J. Acarol. , 21 , 261 – 282 .
Barilo , A. B. ( 1988 ): A new genus of mites of the family Penthalodidae (Acariformes) from the Middle Asia
Recently a constructive theory of pseudorandomness of binary sequences has been developed and many constructions for binary
sequences with strong pseudorandom properties have been given. In the applications one usually needs large families of binary
sequences of this type. In this paper we adapt the notions of collision and avalanche effect to study these pseudorandom properties
of families of binary sequences. We test two of the most important constructions for these pseudorandom properties, and it
turns out that one of the two constructions is ideal from this point of view as well, while the other construction does not
possess these pseudorandom properties.
The relative activities of the members of the principal radioactive families, with respect to the initial activities of chosen
parents were calculated for a wide range of time intervals. Tables and graphs that are useful for radiochemistry, source standardization
and chronology are presented.
Authors:Regina Molnár, Edmond Girasek, Adriána Csinády, and Antal Bugán
Dumelow, C. (2000): Relation between a career and family life for English hospital consultants: qualitative, semistructured interview study.
British Medical Journal
, 320: 1437—1440.
Feith H.J., Balázs P., Kovácsné T
Ahlswede, Khachatrian, Mauduit and A. Sárközy introduced the notion of family-complexity of families of binary sequences.
They estimated the family-complexity of a large family related to Legendre symbol introduced by Goubin, Mauduit and Sárközy.
Here their result is improved, and apart from the constant factor the best lower bound is given for the family-complexity.
In 1998 the government of the Hungarian Republic decided that a new Civil Code is to be drafted. In 2000 the Main Committee of Codification issued guidelines for the new Civil Code, determining, among others, that the new Code is to be cast into separate books, after the model of the Dutch Civil Code, and that one of these separate books is to be devoted entirely to family law, i.e. a branch of law which has been enunciated in a separate Act since 1952. The present study examines some of the topical questions raised by a reform of family law in general, and the relevance of the above considerations to such an undertaking, in particular. The author makes a few proposals concerning the determination of independent principles for the family law materials which are to be included in the Civil Code, raises and discusses a number of questions in the area of marital property law which are in need of regulation or re-regulation, and discusses a few questions of child-parent relationships and of a reform in children's rights as related to some of the requirements enunciated in the U.N. Convention of Children's Rights.
A frequently used indicator for assessing technological strengths of nations are patents registered in the triad region, i.e.
in North America, Europe, and Asia. Currently these so-called triadic patents are defined as filed at the United States Patent
and Trademark Office (USPTO), the European Patent Office (EPO), and the Japanese Patent Office (JPO). Recent developments
suggested that this definition might lack adequacy regarding the offices in Europe and Asia. Our findings propose that in
particular Germany and China should be added to this triad definition since in some technology fields patents registered in
these countries show the same citation impact as patents registered at the EPO or JPO. Our results also underline that the
number of triadic patent families per country is a function of technological specialization and (national) patenting strategies.