The present paper focuses on some important requirements for understanding patent searchreports in view of their use for statistical analysis. It is pointed out and illustrated that thecomprehensiveness and the quality of a given search report may vary significantly as a function ofthe patent office drawing up the report. These differences imply consequences with respect to thesafe use and interpretation of the data. The authors stress that a sound analysis based on patentcitation data can only be performed in a meaningful way if the analyst has a minimum knowledgeof the underlying search reports.
Derek John de Solla Price died on September 3, 1983. The loss of this exciting and dynamic man is one which is felt not just by his friends, but by the scientific community as a whole. This article was originally planned as part of an essay forCurrent Contents® (CC®).1 But I was delighted by the opportunity to contribute it to this special tribute issue ofScientometrics.
Authors:Kun-Yang Chuang, Ya-Li Huang, and Yuh-Shan Ho
As the population ages in Taiwan, stroke research has received greater attention in recent years. Strokes have significant
impacts on the health and well-being of the elderly. To formulate future research policy, information on stroke publications
should be collected. In this research, we studied stroke-related research articles published by Taiwan researchers which were
indexed in the Science Citation Index from 1991 to 2005. We found that the quantity of publications has increased at a quicker
pace than the worldwide trend. Over the years, there has been an increase in international collaboration, mainly with researchers
in the U.S. Article visibility, measured as the frequency of being cited, also increased during the period. It appears that
stroke research in Taiwan has become more globally connected and has also improved in quality. The publication output was
concentrated in a few institutes, but there was a wide variation among these institutes in the ability to independently conduct
research. A wide array of keywords indicated a probable lack of continuity in research. Nevertheless, there was an inverse
relationship between stroke mortality and number of published articles in Taiwan. To improve the quality and efficiency of
stroke research, continuity in research focuses needs to be maintained, and thus funding should be allocated on a long-term
basis to institutes with a proven record of success.
This research analyzes a “who cites whom” matrix in terms of aggregated journal-journal citations to determine the location
of communication studies on the academic spectrum. Using the Journal of Communication as the seed journal, the 2006 data in
the Journal Citation Reports are used to map communication studies. The results show that social and experimental psychology
journals are the most frequently used sources of information in this field. In addition, several journals devoted to the use
and effects of media and advertising are weakly integrated into the larger communication research community, whereas communication
studies are dominated by American journals.
The relation between philosophy of science and epistemology is studied using the author co-citation technique. Co-citation
links among 62 authors — a representative list of various styles and approaches to rationality — were established using the
Arts and Humanities Citation Index. Multidimensional scaling results in a two-dimensional map of authors, where the axes represent
the subject (philosophy of science to epistemology) and the method (qualitative to quantitative), respectively. The authors
on the map can be clustered into more or less coherent groups at different levels of resolution.
We describe the steps involved in constructing authors" citation identities (whom they cite) and citation images (who cites them). Familiarity with the intellectual, social, and institutional connections of these authors over time helps inform the analysis and augment the specificity of citation counts. Our study shows that authors" writing and referencing styles constitute a form of watermark for their scholarly output.
The paper discusses the often lamented lack of a theory of citations, and the lack of a sociological theory in particular.
It draws attention to one proposed theory and discusses the potential reasons why it has not been generally accepted as the
theory of citations, despite its merits in explaining many phenomena in the citation behaviour of scientists. This theory
has been expounded by Latour and presented, in particular, in his book entitledScience in Action.
This paper explores the interrelationships between science and technology in the emergingarea of nano-science and technology. We track patent citation relations at the sectoraldisciplinary,the organizational, and the combined industrial/organizational levels. Then weinvestigate the geographic location and organizational affiliation of inventor/authors. Our mainfinding is that there are only a small number of citations connecting nano-patents with nanosciencepapers, while nano-science and technology appear to be relatively well connected incomparison with other fields. Further explorations suggest that nano-science and technology arestill mostly separated spheres, even though there are overlaps, as an analysis of title words shows.Another observation is that university-assigned patents seem to cite papers more frequently thanother patents.