patents in databases which do not require citations, such as those of Japan and Korea. These problems impede efficient analysis of research and technology trends in rapidly-evolving industries, in which technology life-cycles are shortening and new
On the basis of survey, conducted within the framework of the UNESCO International Comparative Study on the Organization of Research groups, the role and position of women in scientific activity is compared. Data on a total of (6000 individuals) from Argentina, India, Egypt, Korea, Poland and USSR show that women scientists' participation is highest in Poland, and lower in India, Korea and Argentina. Everywhere women scientists are more often doing the routine aspects of the research process and more isolated from external contacts with men. Women have lower scientific productivity than male scientists which can be interpreted as a consequence of their lower status in the organization.
Through theoretical analysis and empirical demonstration, this paper attempts to model the behavior of science and technology
by investigating the self-propagating behavior of their diffusion for South Korea, Malaysia and Japan. The dynamics of the
self-propagating behavior were examined using the logistic growth function within a dynamic carrying capacity, while allowing
for different effectiveness of potential influence of science and technology producers on potential adopters. Evidence suggests
that the self-propagating growth function is particularly relevant for countries with advanced science and technology, like
Japan. While self-propagating growth was also found for South Korea, the diffusion process remained fairly static for Malaysia.
Authors:Maria Benavent-Pérez, Juan Gorraiz, Christian Gumpenberger, and Félix de Moya-Anegón
collaboration Furthermore Harvard University has the smallest percentage of output without collaboration of (17%). All other north American universities in this analysis show values double as high. Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (see lower
or cross-regional perspective. A longitudinal analysis of the USPTO patents by Wong et al. ( 2007 ) indicated that the patent applications from South Korea, Australia and Taiwan have increased rather rapidly after 2000. Yu et al. ( 2010 ) examined the
Authors:Sujit Bhattacharya, Shilpa, and Madhulika Bhati
1990s grew rapidly over the course of the decade. China and South Korea both published about forty times more research articles in 2005 than in 1991. This study is further supported by other studies done in different parts of the world. Porter and
average relative annual growth rate of 14%, Brazil 8.4%, South Korea 6.4% and India 4.7% are striking but one has to keep in mind that, for instance, Turkey's share in the world total in 1999 amounted just to 0.5%, that of China to 2.2% ( Figs. 2 , 4