The article offers an introduction to the genealogical method for anthropologists who have carried out, carry out, or want to carry out fieldwork in Gypsy/Roma settlements, especially in Eastern Slovakia. In the first part we present the reader with a history of the genealogical method since it was formally established by W.H. R. Rivers and its application in sociocultural anthropology. In the second part we focus on particularities of the application of this method during fieldwork in Gypsy/Roma settlements using empirical data from fieldwork in Eastern Slovakia.
Tafelband . Wien .
H ORST , Irvin B. 1985 : Horst: Die Hilfe holländischer Doopsgezinden an die Hutterischen Brüder in der Slowakei im 17 . und 18. Jahrhundert. [The Aid of the Mennonite Church in the Netherlands to the Hutterites in Slovakia in the
Authors:Michal Galamboš, Ol’ga Rosskopfová, Jana Kufčáková, and Pavol Rajec
The basic strategic aims in the field of managing high-level radioactive waste and liquidation of nuclear power plants are
all contained in the Energy policy of the Slovak Republic. Its aim is to resolve the concept of the backside of the nuclear
energetics fuel cycle—long-term deposition of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel (SNF). The most important
form of high-level radioactive waste and SNF long-term deposition is their deposition in deep geological formations created
by natural as well as engineering barriers used to isolate the long-lived radionuclides from the biosphere. The basic components
of these barriers are clays, of which bentonite is generally referred to as the most suitable clay material. There are a few
significant bentonite deposits in the Slovak Republic: Jelšový potok, Kopernica, Lastovce, Lieskovec, Dolná Ves. The review article summarizes the information on geotechnical properties of Slovak bentonites published up-to-date, which
is inevitable to know for the intention of their use. It highlights the advantages and shows drawbacks of five Slovak deposits.
It suggests further research direction, to draw a thorough hydraulical, microbial and radiation profile of Slovak bentonites.
Bartók left behind over 300 folksong arrangements. In the field of vocal music, three series are based on Slovak folksongs: Five Slovak Folksongs for male choir (1917, BB 77), Four Slovak Folksongs for mixed choir and piano (1917, BB 78) and Village Scenes (1924, 1926, BB 87). The series are strongly connected among themselves in terms of textual content, formal concept, and treatment of folk melodies. In Village Scenes, Stravinsky’s influence is unmistakable. Not only was Bartók “influenced” by Stravinsky but he also imitated and even “quoted” Les Noces (1923). The article examines the relationship between the two works using Bartók’s 1928 essay Hungarian Folk Music and New Hungarian Music as a point of reference.
For the Slovak art of the Sixties, as well as for following decades, the subject of space is significant. Unlike in the other Eastern European countries, the situation in Slovakia was specific because the subject has profoundly affected not only mass culture, but also the sphere of a progressive (and, therefore, non-official) visual art. The goal of the paper is to compare the artworks of two important representatives of the Slovak neo-avant-garde, let us say the part of their work which is connected to the subject of space and related topics (such as cosmonautics, extraterrestrials, etc). The two artists in question are Stanislav Filko (1937) and Július Koller (1939–2007). Although Filko and Koller are diametrically different in many aspects, they represent good ‘comparative material,’ because apart from the subject of space there is another important feature that they have in common — an overall fusion of their artistic work and personal life.
The total -radioactivity of dry, wet and cumulative fallout and the radioactivity of cow milk was measured in Bratislava in the first month after the Chernobyl accident. The obtained results are in good agreement with the results of the monitoring net in Slovakia.
Authors:Annibale Mottana, Alberto Mussino, and Vincenzo Nasti
The mineralogical museum of the Collegio Nazareno of the Piarists Order in Rome was founded by Gian Vincenzo Petrini c. 1760. It hosted minerals and rocks the Popes had received as gifts and given to Piarists to support their teaching, as well as minerals collected from Roman and Neapolitan volcanoes. On March 24, 1769, the museum was visited by Emperor Joseph II, officially there as an incognito tourist but, in fact, to organize the election of a Pope who would abolish the Jesuit Order. On June 14, 1785 the Emperor, by now King of Hungary as well, presented eight crates of minerals from mining areas in Transylvania and Upper Hungary, i.e. Slovakia. This collection had been organized by “Baron of Born”, who also wrote down descriptions of all the specimens (mostly ores), as referred to in Petrini (1791–92). The museum of the Collegio Nazareno has survived and the royal gift is partially preserved, curated by the Gruppo Mineralogico Romano (GMR), a private association of amateurs founded in 1982. The museum now exhibits a rare collection of minerals from 18th century central Europe, organized according to systematics that just preceeded the major scientific changes brought about in mineralogy by the crystallographic approach.
The building materials and products whose content of natural radionuclides are contributors to the radiation exposure of the population. In this study several types of building materials used for construction of living buildings in Slovakia were examined. The concentrations of natural radionuclides (226Ra,232Th and40K) were determined by -ray spectrometry with an HPGe detector. In the second part of the work, sixty samples of building products (panel), used for dwelling construction in several towns in Slovakia, were analysed. The concentration of natural radionuclides and the radium equivalent activity content in the inner-and outerside of the wall were estimated. The results were used for the calculation of the annual mean effective photon dose rates, by the model and calculation procedure of KRISIUK and KARPOV.
Summary The assimilation of the Jewish minority (as well as the German and Hungarian ones) was widely discussed in Czechoslovakia after 1918. The situation was more pressing in the Slovak part, especially due to a large population of mostly orthodox Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia. Their political, economic, and social emancipation was in the beginning stages compared with other parts of Central Europe. Gejza Vámoš (1901-1956) addressed the forms and conditions of Jewish assimilation in Slovakia in his novel Odlomená haluz (Broken Branch, 1934). Vámoš himself came from a Hungarian-speaking Jewish family and was an eager adherent of assimilation. His novel was set in Upper Hungary (Slovakia) during the last years of the Austro- Hungarian Monarchy, but he dealt with assimilation from the perspective of the contemporary Czechoslovak Republic. He discussed the degree of assimilation in different regions of Central Eastern Europe, and claimed that it was more successful in the southern than in the northern part. He also focused on the differences between Jews in Hungary itself and in Upper Hungary. Vámoš wished to show that the precondition of successful assimilation is for the Jews to forsake their outdated religious and mercantile practices. Jews should be proud of their historical tradition and intellectual heritage, but they should strive to adopt the culture, as well as the (secular) worldview and mentality, of the nation they are in. This general doctrine of assimilation is exemplified by the story of a Jewish boy who unexpectedly changes his identity and, taking his non-Jewish father's name, also accepts his father's worldview. This narrative line contains obvious features of Bildungsroman: a change of attitudes and perceptions, along with the mixing of the races, could lead to a new, united mankind. Vámoš believed in the power of education and the natural sciences. His theory of assimilation encompassed various ideological sources, such as social Darwinism, modern Jewish Messianism, as well as ideas on nation-building (including Masaryk's). Vámoš probably wished to act as a mediator in relations between Slovaks and Jews, and to break with the tradition in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Slovak literature of portraying Jews negatively. Nevertheless, his book - in spite of its vision of a united mankind and its praise of Jewish heritage - contained numerous negative stereotypes of Jews. When excerpts of the novel were published, several lawsuits were brought against Vámoš. The discussion of Broken Branch was centered round several questions: What role would this book play in the contemporary political situation in regard to Judaism? What is the nature of the relation between reality and fiction? What are the limits of artistic freedom? The reaction to the novel showed the political polarization of Slovak society in the 1930s, and contributed indirectly to Vámoš's decision to leave the country in 1939.
The results of radiocesium activity of some foodstuffs imported to the Slovak Republic in the period from January 1988 to July 1995 are presented. The analysed samples were homogenized, packed into 0.451 Marinelli beakers and then measured by direct semiconductor, -spectrometry for 10 000–50 000 seconds. The levels of137Cs in various foodstuffs varied quite widely from Minimum Detectable Activity (MDA)=0.4 to 80.2 Bq/kg. Concentrations of137Cs in fish and fish products were in general higher than those in beef and pork.