Authors:Itzel Y. Rangel-Sánchez, Daniel Salas-Treviño, Adolfo Soto-Domínguez, Oscar I. Garza-Rodríguez, Odila Saucedo-Cárdenas, Pablo Zapata-Benavides, Juan J. Zarate-Ramos, Sibilina Cedillo-Rosales, and Diana E. Zamora-Ávila
without giving other categories: unlike melanoma in humans, equine melanoma is not classified into types of aggressiveness. Melanoma usually invades only a localised area and has a slow growth rate; however, when it already causes metastases, they are
Authors:Thiago Henrique M. Vargas, Camila N. Barra, Lidia H. Pulz, Greice C. Huete, Karine G. Cadrobbi, Adriana Tomoko Nishiya, Silvia Regina Kleeb, José Guilherme Xavier, José Luiz Catão-Dias, and Ricardo F. Strefezzi
to their high prevalence, frequent aggressiveness and variability in survival rates. Even using consolidated prognostic markers, it is still challenging to estimate the behaviour of this tumour precisely. To the best of our knowledge, this is the
Authors:Yevhen V. Kuzenko, Anatoly M. Romanuk, Olena Olegivna Dyachenko, and Olena Hudymenko
identify locally advanced or histologically aggressive tumors with a higher survival probability following the standard treatment modalities.
The epithelial malignancy was labeled with cytokeratin (CK) and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). The
Authors:Vikash Kumar, Hema Chaudhary, and Anjoo Kamboj
tail required in a calm and non-aggressive method for BP measurement. Once the “ pulse level ready ” signal appeared, the BP-recording button will be pressed and the systolic BP will be recorded at different time intervals, i.e., 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8
Authors:Anna Szilasi, Lilla Dénes, Eszter Krikó, Caoimhe Murray, Míra Mándoki, and Gyula Balka
unprotected and susceptible periods ( Hofmann-Lehmann et al., 2014 ). Moreover, 78.14% of the cats had outdoor access, and most of them were intact, which means a higher risk for infection due to more aggressive behaviour ( Goldkamp et al., 2008 ). With regard
Authors:Hugo Gregório, Isabel Pires, Fernanda Seixas, and Felisbina Queiroga
We describe the case of a 14-year-old Domestic Short Hair male cat that presented with a single mammary tumour one centimetre in diameter, classified as invasive micropapillary carcinoma. Histology and immunohistochemistry revealed a high mitotic index, a KI-67 index of 10%, a lack of reactivity to myoepithelial markers, and a dense infiltration with T and B lymphocytes at the periphery of the tumour. Micrometastases were detected in the regional lymph node at the time of surgery. Overall survival time was 10 months with a disease-free interval of 7.5 months. Distant metastases in the sublumbar lymph nodes confirmed the aggressiveness of this tumour, which has recently been subtyped in female cats. This is the first case reported in male cats with a complete follow-up, highlighting the importance of prompt and aggressive treatment in the presence of mammary tumours in male cats.
Authors:Béla Szabó, László Majoros, Erzsébet Papp-Falusi, Zsuzsanna Szabó, Judit Szabó, Ildikó Márton, and Barna Kelentey
An in vitro model has been developed for study of cariogenic potential of different Candida species. Slices were prepared from the root of extracted healthy teeth. These disks were covered with inert material, only the central hole, i.e. the root canal dentin surface remained uncovered. These preparates with free root dentin surfaces were incubated in Sabouraud medium in the presence of six-six Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei, Candida inconspicua and Candida norvegensis strains. The calcium release was detected for 15 days. Two types of release could be distinguished. C. albicans deliberated calcium more aggressively (type “A” curve), while other Candidas were characterized by less expressed calcium releasing capacity (type “B” curve). Curves type “A” and “B” were divided into four steps in order to characterize more precisely the different dynamics of calcium release. Analyses of the different steps also suggested the more aggressive behaviour of C. albicans. Our results indicate that in addition to cariogenic role of different bacteria, fungi may also actively take part in the dentinal caries progress.